Hudaybia

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Information about Hudaybia

Published on October 4, 2008

Author: speed2kx

Source: slideshare.net

Al-Hudaybiah صلح الحديبية ذي القعدة العام السادس بعد الهجرة Thee Al-Qui’dah, 6 th year after Hijra

Al-Hudaybiah Mecca is an open sanctuary since the time of Ibrahim PBUH For six years Muslims were banned from Mecca The Prophet PBUH had a dream, that he and his companions are performing Umrah in Mecca

Mecca is an open sanctuary since the time of Ibrahim PBUH

For six years Muslims were banned from Mecca

The Prophet PBUH had a dream, that he and his companions are performing Umrah in Mecca

Al-Hudaybiah The Prophet and 1400 companions move to Mecca for the purpose of Umrah Armed only with travelers’ protection, not war equipment. Many allied tribes and new Muslims of Arabia did not join. Al-Fateh 11-12

The Prophet and 1400 companions move to Mecca for the purpose of Umrah

Armed only with travelers’ protection, not war equipment.

Many allied tribes and new Muslims of Arabia did not join. Al-Fateh 11-12

الفتح 48:11-12 [11] The desert Arabs who lagged behind will say to thee: "We were engaged in (looking after) our flocks and herds, and our families: do thou then ask Forgiveness for us," they say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: "Who then has any power at all (to intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if His Will is to give you some loss or to give you some profit? But Allah is well acquainted with all that ye do. [12] "Nay, ye thought that the Messenger and the Believers would never return to their families; this seemed pleasing in your hearts, and ye conceived an evil thought, for ye are a people lost (in wickedness)."

[11] The desert Arabs who lagged behind will say to thee: "We were engaged in (looking after) our flocks and herds, and our families: do thou then ask Forgiveness for us," they say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: "Who then has any power at all (to intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if His Will is to give you some loss or to give you some profit? But Allah is well acquainted with all that ye do.

[12] "Nay, ye thought that the Messenger and the Believers would never return to their families; this seemed pleasing in your hearts, and ye conceived an evil thought, for ye are a people lost (in wickedness)."

Al-Hudaybiah At Thee Al-Hulayfa the Prophet PBUH makes his Ihram. (Today’s Wells of Ali) Seventy sacrifices (hadi) are marked and led with the caravan. A companion hunted while he was not in Ihram state. Some companions ate some of the prey meat. The Prophet PBUH concurs.

At Thee Al-Hulayfa the Prophet PBUH makes his Ihram. (Today’s Wells of Ali)

Seventy sacrifices (hadi) are marked and led with the caravan.

A companion hunted while he was not in Ihram state. Some companions ate some of the prey meat. The Prophet PBUH concurs.

 

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m 1400

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m The Prophet knew about Khalid and a small army out to stop Muslims from entering Mecca 200

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Fear Prayer in Usfan

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m To avoid confrontation, the Prophet PBUH takes Muslims on alternate route to Haram

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m To avoid confrontation, the Prophet PBUH takes Muslims on alternate route to Haram

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m To avoid confrontation, the Prophet PBUH takes Muslims on alternate route to Haram

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Muslims reach Thaniat Al-Mirar and head to Haram

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Mushriks camp in Baldah and control water in the area

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Al-Quaswa sits and refuses to move

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Al-Hudaybiah Muslims camp in

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Al-Hudaybiah Miracle of water coming out of dry well

Arafat Muzdalifah Mina HARAM (The Sanctuary) Mount Thawr Mount Al-Nour Cave Hira’ Mecca Ka’ba Al-Tani’m Al-Hudaybiah The prophet PBUH decides for negotiations

The Negotiations The Negotiators of Quraish and Allies: Budayl Bin Warquaa’ بُدَيل بن ورقاء الخزاعي Al-Hulays Bin Alkama الحليس بن علقمة الكناني سيد الأحابيش Mikraz Bin Hafs مكرز بن حفص Finally, Suhail Bin Amr سهيل بن عمرو

The Negotiators of Quraish and Allies:

Budayl Bin Warquaa’ بُدَيل بن ورقاء الخزاعي

Al-Hulays Bin Alkama الحليس بن علقمة الكناني

سيد الأحابيش

Mikraz Bin Hafs مكرز بن حفص

Finally, Suhail Bin Amr سهيل بن عمرو

Uthman the Ambassador The Prophet PBUH asks Omar to go to Quraish but he declines for lack of protection. The Prophet PBUH asks Uthman next based on Omar's advice and he accepts Uthman is hosted in Mecca for three days and refuses to perform Umrah. Rumor spreads that Uthman is killed

The Prophet PBUH asks Omar to go to Quraish but he declines for lack of protection.

The Prophet PBUH asks Uthman next based on Omar's advice and he accepts

Uthman is hosted in Mecca for three days and refuses to perform Umrah.

Rumor spreads that Uthman is killed

Bay’at Al-Radhwan بيعة الرضوان In response to the rumors about Uthman’s murder, the Prophet calls for allegiance oath by Muslims: To fight until death To not escape the battle field All present gave their allegiance except Al-Jad Bin Quays Allah SWT was pleased with the believers. Also called: The Pledge of the Tree, The Pledge of the Pleasure, and The Pledge of Death.

In response to the rumors about Uthman’s murder, the Prophet calls for allegiance oath by Muslims:

To fight until death

To not escape the battle field

All present gave their allegiance except Al-Jad Bin Quays

Allah SWT was pleased with the believers.

Also called: The Pledge of the Tree, The Pledge of the Pleasure, and The Pledge of Death.

48:18-20 الفتح [18]  Allah's Good Pleasure was on the Believers when they swore Fealty to thee under the Tree: He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down Tranquility to them; and He rewarded them with a speedy Victory; [19]  And many gains will they acquire (besides): and Allah is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. [20]  Allah has promised you many gains that ye shall acquire, and He has given you these beforehand; and He has restrained the hands of men from you; that it may be a Sign for the Believers, and that He may guide you to a Straight Path;

[18]  Allah's Good Pleasure was on the Believers when they swore Fealty to thee under the Tree: He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down Tranquility to them; and He rewarded them with a speedy Victory; [19]  And many gains will they acquire (besides): and Allah is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. [20]  Allah has promised you many gains that ye shall acquire, and He has given you these beforehand; and He has restrained the hands of men from you; that it may be a Sign for the Believers, and that He may guide you to a Straight Path;

The Treaty The Prophet PBUH returns to Madina that year without Umrah. Muslims will be allowed in Mecca the next year for three days. Armed only with the travelers weapons. Quraish will not prevent them or harm them. No war for ten years.

The Prophet PBUH returns to Madina that year without Umrah. Muslims will be allowed in Mecca the next year for three days. Armed only with the travelers weapons. Quraish will not prevent them or harm them.

No war for ten years.

The Treaty Any tribe that want to join the alliance of Muhammad PBUH will be allowed to do so and recognized by Quraish as allies to Muslims. Vice versa for Quraish Whomever, a man , comes to Muhammad PBUH from Quraish, without permission, will be retuned back to Quraish. Whomever leave Muslims and go to Quraish, will not be returned.

Any tribe that want to join the alliance of Muhammad PBUH will be allowed to do so and recognized by Quraish as allies to Muslims. Vice versa for Quraish

Whomever, a man , comes to Muhammad PBUH from Quraish, without permission, will be retuned back to Quraish. Whomever leave Muslims and go to Quraish, will not be returned.

Immediate Results Based on article #3: Khuza’a joined the alliance of Muslims. Bakr joined Quraish. Based on article #4: The Prophet returns Abou Jandal (son of Suhail bin Amr) to Quraish. Based on article #1: The Prophet orders Muslims to undo their Ihram. Based on article #4: Women are not returned to Quraish Muslims grow very resentful and distraught about the Treaty. Omar expressed this to the Prophet PBUH. Muslims did not shave until the Prophet PBUH did.

Based on article #3: Khuza’a joined the alliance of Muslims. Bakr joined Quraish.

Based on article #4: The Prophet returns Abou Jandal (son of Suhail bin Amr) to Quraish.

Based on article #1: The Prophet orders Muslims to undo their Ihram.

Based on article #4: Women are not returned to Quraish

Muslims grow very resentful and distraught about the Treaty. Omar expressed this to the Prophet PBUH. Muslims did not shave until the Prophet PBUH did.

The Real Results of the Treaty The Prophet PBUH returns to Madina that year without Umrah. Muslims will be allowed in Mecca the next year for three days. Armed only with the travelers weapons. Quraish will not prevent them or harm them. The Prophet PBUH did not promise that Umrah will happen that particular year. Muslims did obtain unchallenged access to Mecca for Umrah Quraish failed in obstructing Muslims from practicing Islam in Mecca.

The Prophet PBUH returns to Madina that year without Umrah. Muslims will be allowed in Mecca the next year for three days. Armed only with the travelers weapons. Quraish will not prevent them or harm them.

The Prophet PBUH did not promise that Umrah will happen that particular year.

Muslims did obtain unchallenged access to Mecca for Umrah

Quraish failed in obstructing Muslims from practicing Islam in Mecca.

The Real Results of the Treaty No war for ten years. Clear recognition of Muslims as “state” and a power to be reckoned with. Muslims would not fight Quraish anyway at that stage as long as they let them practice Islam freely.

No war for ten years.

Clear recognition of Muslims as “state” and a power to be reckoned with.

Muslims would not fight Quraish anyway at that stage as long as they let them practice Islam freely.

The Real Results of the Treaty Any tribe that want to join the alliance of Muhammad PBUH will be allowed to do so and recognized by Quraish as allies to Muslims. Vice versa for Quraish Quraish can no longer control the rest of Arab tribes in their political allegiance. By acknowledging that the alliance with Muslims is respected and recognized, they have forfeited their status of political and religious leadership in Arabia

Any tribe that want to join the alliance of Muhammad PBUH will be allowed to do so and recognized by Quraish as allies to Muslims. Vice versa for Quraish

Quraish can no longer control the rest of Arab tribes in their political allegiance.

By acknowledging that the alliance with Muslims is respected and recognized, they have forfeited their status of political and religious leadership in Arabia

The Real Results of the Treaty Whomever, a man , comes to Muhammad PBUH from Quraish, without permission, will be retuned back to Quraish. Whomever leave Muslims and go to Quraish, will not be returned. Quraish’s only “advantage” in the treaty, in return for all above mentioned gains. Muslims who escape to Quraish are not wanted in the Muslim solid community anyway. New Muslims of Mecca can immigrate to other places (not Madina) Eventually, this becomes a burden on Quraish (the sti=ory of Abou Basir will come later)

Whomever, a man , comes to Muhammad PBUH from Quraish, without permission, will be retuned back to Quraish. Whomever leave Muslims and go to Quraish, will not be returned.

Quraish’s only “advantage” in the treaty, in return for all above mentioned gains.

Muslims who escape to Quraish are not wanted in the Muslim solid community anyway.

New Muslims of Mecca can immigrate to other places (not Madina)

Eventually, this becomes a burden on Quraish (the sti=ory of Abou Basir will come later)

Omar and The Prophet PBUH The story and the revelation of Surat Al-Fateh 1]  Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory: [2]  That Allah may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfil His favour to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way; [3]  And that Allah may help thee with powerful help.

The story and the revelation of Surat Al-Fateh

More Blessings from the Treaty Abou Basir أبو بصير and his Group: Joined by Abou Jandal and others, they become a threat to Quraish’s trade. Quraish asks the Prophet to accept the escapees and cancel the fourth unfair article of the Treaty The Best of Quraish enter Islam: Khalid bin Al-Walid خالد بن الوليد Amr bin Al-Aas عمرو بن العاص Uthman bin Talha عثمان بن طلحة

Abou Basir أبو بصير and his Group:

Joined by Abou Jandal and others, they become a threat to Quraish’s trade.

Quraish asks the Prophet to accept the escapees and cancel the fourth unfair article of the Treaty

The Best of Quraish enter Islam:

Khalid bin Al-Walid خالد بن الوليد

Amr bin Al-Aas عمرو بن العاص

Uthman bin Talha عثمان بن طلحة

Post-Hudaybiah Phase The Political Gains

 

The Messages The Prophet PBUH started corresponding with The Rulers and Kings of the world around Arabia The Seventh year after Hijra

The Prophet PBUH started corresponding with The Rulers and Kings of the world around Arabia

The Seventh year after Hijra

Al-Najashi of Al-Habasha Carried by Amr bin Umayah Al-Dhumary Al-Najash Ashama responds positively and becomes a Muslim

Carried by Amr bin Umayah Al-Dhumary

Al-Najash Ashama responds positively and becomes a Muslim

Al-Mukawkes of Egypt Hateb bin Abi Balta’a Sends the Prophet Maria (mother of Ibrahim) and Sirin (given to Hasan bin Thabet) and a mule. Respected the message but did not accept Islam

Hateb bin Abi Balta’a

Sends the Prophet Maria (mother of Ibrahim) and Sirin (given to Hasan bin Thabet) and a mule.

Respected the message but did not accept Islam

Kisra of Persia Abdu-Allah bin Hu th afa As-Sahmi Kisra tore the letter and sends to Ba th an (King of Yemen) to bring the Prophet PBUH as a prisoner. Bathan send two of his men and was told by the miracle that Kisra was dead. Bathan and Yemen accept Islam

Abdu-Allah bin Hu th afa As-Sahmi

Kisra tore the letter and sends to Ba th an (King of Yemen) to bring the Prophet PBUH as a prisoner.

Bathan send two of his men and was told by the miracle that Kisra was dead.

Bathan and Yemen accept Islam

Kaiser of Byzantium Duhia bin Khalifa Al-Kalbi Kaiser calls upon Abou Sufian and questions him about the Prophet PBUH Kaiser shows belief, then rejects fearing that he will lose power Kaiser sends gifts and presents to the Prophet PBUH. (stolen by Tribe Jutham on the way)

Duhia bin Khalifa Al-Kalbi

Kaiser calls upon Abou Sufian and questions him about the Prophet PBUH

Kaiser shows belief, then rejects fearing that he will lose power

Kaiser sends gifts and presents to the Prophet PBUH. (stolen by Tribe Jutham on the way)

 

Al-Mun th er bin Sawa of Bahrain Al-Alaa’ bin Al-Hadhrami Accepted Islam according to some narrations, allowed his people to accept Islam in other. Wrote back to the Prophet regarding non-Muslims in his kingdom and was told about Jiziah. He Kept his Kingdom

Al-Alaa’ bin Al-Hadhrami

Accepted Islam according to some narrations, allowed his people to accept Islam in other.

Wrote back to the Prophet regarding non-Muslims in his kingdom and was told about Jiziah.

He Kept his Kingdom

 

Hawtha bin Ali of Yamama Sulayt bin Amr Al-Ameri Conditionally accepted Islam, wanted a position among Muslims to be given to him or to be a successor. The Prophet rejected the offer. Hawtha died non-Muslim. The messenger prophesizes of Musaylamah of Yamama

Sulayt bin Amr Al-Ameri

Conditionally accepted Islam, wanted a position among Muslims to be given to him or to be a successor.

The Prophet rejected the offer. Hawtha died non-Muslim.

The messenger prophesizes of Musaylamah of Yamama

 

Al-Harith bin Abi Shumar of Gassan Shuga’ bin Wahab Rejected and threatened war Kings of Oman: Jayfar and Abed sons of Al-Julanda Amr bin Al-Aas Accepted Islam after multiple discussions with Amr

Al-Harith bin Abi Shumar of Gassan

Shuga’ bin Wahab

Rejected and threatened war

Kings of Oman: Jayfar and Abed sons of Al-Julanda

Amr bin Al-Aas

Accepted Islam after multiple discussions with Amr

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