Published on February 27, 2014
February 2014 HSPA+: Evolving for the long- haul 1
HSPA+ continues to evolve and support billions of users 1 2 3 4 Small cells with HSPA+ a key 1000x enabler Cell range expansion possible today—more enhancements in the pipeline Expanded chipset support for carrier aggregation ~2.5B HSPA/HSPA+ connections end of 2016 Going beyond today’s dual-carrier—aggregation across more carriers, bands, and uplink Continued carrier aggregation evolution Such as Multiflow—carrier aggregation across cells 1B WCDMA+ frees up HSPA+ data Also introducing scalable UMTS to enable WCDMA/HSPA+ in ½ and ¼ of 5MHz HSPA/HSPA+ connections reached in 2012 Source: Wireless Intelligence (Jan ‘13) . 2,437 Billion HSPA family connections expected Q4 2016 2
Strong HSPA+ Evolution 2014 2013 Higher Order Modulation & MIMO Rel-7 HSPA DL: 14.4 Mbps UL: 5.7 Mbps Carrier aggregation (10 MHz dual-carrier) 2015 2014 2x Carrier agg. dual-band/uplink Rel-8 Rel-9 Rel-10 HSPA+ HSPA+ DL: 21-28 Mbps UL: 11 Mbps DL: 42 Mbps1 UL: 11 Mbps 3x and 4x carrier aggregation DL: 84 -168 Mbps2 UL: 23 Mbps2 2016 2015 MultiFlow, up to 8x Carrier aggregation Rel-11 2017+ 2016+ HetNets enhancements, uplink enhancements WCDMA+, Scalable-UMTS, Wi-Fi integration Rel-12 and beyond HSPA+ Advanced DL: 168 -336 Mbps4 UL: 69 Mbps4 Rel-12 WCDMA High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous Voice WCDMA+ Frees up resources for HSPA+ data 1R8 reaches 42 Mbps by combining 2x2 MIMO and HOM (64QAM) in 5 MHz, or by utilizing HOM (64QAM) and multicarrier in 10 MHz. 2R9 combines multicarrier and MIMO in 10 MHz to reach 84 Mbps. Uplink multicarrier doubles uplink peak data rate to 23 Mbps in 10 MHz. 3R10 expands multicarrier to 20 MHz to reach up to168 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO. 4R11 expands multicarrier up to 40 MHz to reach 336 Mbps with 2x2 MIMO, or 20Mhz with 4x4 MIMO. Uplink 2x2 MIMO with 64QAM reaches 69Mbps. Commercial Note: Estimated commercial dates. 3 Created 02/13/2014
Mobile data traffic growth— industry preparing for 1000x Industry preparing for 1000x data traffic growth* Richer content More devices more video everything connected Bestseller example: 5.93(High Definition) GB Movie ~ 2.49 GB Movie (Standard Definition) 0.0014 GB Homepage 1.8 GB Game for Android 0.14 GB Soundtrack ~ 7 Billion 25 Billion Interconnected device forecast in 20202 Cumulative smartphone forecast between 2013-20171 0.00091 GB Book *1000x would be e.g. reached if mobile data traffic doubled ten times, but Qualcomm does not make predictions when 1000x will happen, Qualcomm and its subsidiaries work on the solutions to enable 1000x 4
Small cells with HSPA+ a key 1000x enabler Continue to evolve HSPA+ Carrier aggregation evolution and multiflow Smartphone signaling and IoE enhancements WCDMA+ to free up capacity for data Access to more spectrum Supplemental downlink (such as L-Band) Authorized Shared Access (ASA) Scalable UMTS Deploy more small cells Converged WCDMA/HSPA+, LTE and Wi-Fi HSPA+ small cell range expansion possible today Neighborhood small cells deployment model Small Cells Everywhere 5
1000x begins with HSPA+ optimizations available today —small cell range expansion can double capacity 1X Macro, Dual-Carrier 4 Small Cells added HSPA+ ~1.6X with Range Expansion ~3X Small Cell 4 Small Cells + Range Expansion Median Gain1 Possible With HSPA+ Today For same amount of Spectrum 1 Gain in median downlink data rate, 4 small cells of pico type added per macro and 50 % of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (within 40m), Model PA3 full buffer ISD 500m. Enabling range expansion features: reduced power on second macro carrier, Dual-Carrier devices and mitigating uplink and downlink imbalance (3dB Cell-individual offset (CIO) and pico noise-figure pad) 6
Further HetNets enhancements for small cell densification Multiflow—balance load across cells TruSignalTM/Q-ICE advanced device receiver Multiflow aggregates across cells (3GPP R11 and beyond) Interference cancellation provide even more gain HetNets enhancements Interference mitigation and mobility enhancements (3GPP R12 and beyond) HSPA+/LTE/Wi-Fi Converged small cells Tighter HSPA+ and Wi-Fi integration (3GPP R12 and beyond) Operator deployed 3G/4G User deployed 3G/4G Indoor/outdoor small cells1 Typically indoor small cells 4G Relays & Wireless Backhaul ENTERPRISE RESIDENTIAL 1 METRO Such as relay and Pico/Metro/RRH small cells for hotspots. RRH= Remote Radio Heads, in addition Distributed Antenna Systems are used in HetNets Note: Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques HetNets and are standardized already in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond 7
HSPA+ 5MHz CARRIERS Carrier #2 Carrier #1 42 Mbps dual-carrier mainstream with 159 commercial networks in 83 countries1 AGGREGATED DATA PIPE Expanded carrier aggregation chipset support in 2014 1per GSA Feb 2014 8
Carrier aggregation further enhances user experience HIGH BAND Aggregated, fatter data pipe 2.1 GHz Band I 1900 MHz Band II Carrier 1 Carrier 2 Aggregation across two bands from R9 (Up to 4x currently defined)1 Up to 20 MHz Carrier 3 Carrier 4 HSPA+ Carrier aggregation LOW/SECOND BAND 850/900/1500/1800 MHz Band V/VIII/XI/III 850/2100 MHz Band V/IV Increased data rates for all users 2x downlink from R8 2x uplink from R9 3x/4x downlink from R10 Can double smartphone bursty data capacity2 1 Additional spectrum bands and band combinations continuously defined in 3GPP. 2Non-contiguous aggregation within a band. 2 For typical bursty applications and typical partial carrier load, carrier aggregation supports more bursty application users than individual single carriers. Leverages all spectrum assets 9
Expanded HSPA+ carrier aggregation chipset support Aggregation of 3 downlink carriers uses HSPA+ assets more efficiently Uplink aggregation (2 carriers) improves user experience and increase network capacity for smartphone traffic Aggregation across bands (2 carriers) takes advantage of expanding HSPA+ footprint in new bands (e.g. 900 MHz) 800 LTE CA HSPA+ CA 9x35 LTE CA (cat 6) HSPA+ CA MDM 9x25 LTE CA (cat 4) HSPA+ CA Common platform for LTE and HSPA+ carrier aggregation Qualcomm Snapdragon and Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. ; Snapdragon 800 includes 8974 10
A history of time-to-market and modem technology leadership Continued HSPA+ carrier aggregation leadership 9x25 First DC-HSPA+ First DC-HSPA+ Smartphone Platform 3 carrier downlink Uplink carrier aggregation Across two bands DL 42 Mbps DL 42 Mbps First HSPA+ DL 28 Mbps UL 5.76 Mbps MDM 8220 MSM 8960 First HSUPA First HSDPA DL 7.2 Mbps UL 5.76 Mbps MDM 8200 DL: 1.8 Mbps UL: 384 kbps MSM 7200 MSM 6275 2004 2005 2006 2007 Qualcomm Snapdragon and Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 11
Aggregation across bands enables supplemental downlink Aggregate unpaired spectrum for more downlink capacity—supplemental downlink Unpaired FDD Paired FDD Paired (Supplemental Downlink) (Downlink) (Uplink) F1 L-Band 1.4GHz Harmonized in Europe1 L-Band has 40 MHz of idle unpaired spectrum available 2 3GPP specs expected in Jun 20142 Chipsets planned for commercial devices in 20153 Aggregated Fatter data pipe Downlink Uplink 1 L-Band in Europe: 1452 MHz to 1492 MHz, sometimes referred to as 1.4GHz or 1.5GHz spectrum. 2 Aggregation across bands is supported in HSPA+ R9 for two downlink carriers and LTE R10, but each specific band combination, e.g. combination of band 1 and L-band, has to be defined in 3GPP. 3 subject to timely completion of standard with reasonable technical specifications 12
Continued HSPA+ evolution Evolving carrier aggregation HetNets Optimizations HSPA+ Advanced Maximizing HSPA+ investments Smartphone/IoE Enhancements Rel 11 & Beyond HSPA+ HSPA+ is the baseline Rel 7-10 HSPA 100% of operators have upgraded to HSPA Rel 5-6 13
Continued Carrier Aggregation (CA) evolution Multiflow Up to 8x CA (40 MHz) +2x2 MIMO for 336Mbps 84-168 Mbps CA across cells— Multiflow Non-contiguous Up to 4x CA (20MHz) band CA (4 carriers) +2x2 MIMO for 168Mbps 42-84 Mbps 2x CA (10MHz) +2x2 MIMO for 84Mbps 34 - 69 Mbps 42 Mbps 2x CA (10MHz) 21-28 Mbps or 2x2 MIMO+64QAM (5MHz) HOM (64 QAM) or 2x2 MIMO (5MHz) 11 Mbps Downlink Speed + 2x2 MIMO for 69Mbos Uplink Beamforming 23 Mbps Uplink 2x CA (10MHz) Uplink HOM (16 QAM) R7 UL 64 QAM Carrier aggregation evolution R12 and beyond Additional CA combinations defined (up to 4x) Performance definition for supplemental downlink Multiflow enhancements for HetNets R8 R9 R10 R11 R12 and beyond Uplink Speed 14
Evolution of carrier aggregation and tighter interworking Macro ‘Anchor’ Small cell ‘Booster’ Wi-Fi ‘Booster’ Licensed spectrum Carrier aggregation within/across bands1 Improved cell edge 3 Unlicensed spectrum Carrier aggregation across cells—multiflow2 Improved offload to small cells 1 Carrier aggregation from 3GPP R8 HSPA+,. 2 Multiflow is part of 3GPP R11 HSPA. Macro Tighter interworking with Wi-Fi3 Efficient network load balancing RAN interworking across LTE, HSPA+ and Wi-Fi is part of 3GPP R12. Improved mobility 15
Further HetNets enhancement—multiflow and more Range Expansion Reduce second carrier Macro Power Carrier F2 Carrier F1 Small cell ‘Booster’ Macro ‘Anchor’ Multiflow Device Further range expansion— Further range expansion— even better small cell offload even better small cell offload Multiflow optimizations to balance load across cells Mobility enhancements between small cell & macro Mitigate up/downlink imbalances—such as as extended Mitigate up/downlink imbalances—such extended range/reconfiguring power offsets and range/reconfiguring of of power offsets further and further enhanced advanced receivers enhanced advanced receivers Such as mobility support to switch from dual-carrier to multiflow in the region where up/downlink are imbalanced Such as further enhanced serving cell change procedures, and extended neighbor list measurements Note: All these are 3GPP R12 study items. In addition, Self-Organizing Networks (SON) techniques and are standardized in R10, such as Minimization of Drive Tests (MDT) and Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) with continued enhancements in R11 and beyond 16
HSPA+ continues to accommodate smartphone growth Commercial HSPA+ HSPA+ Advanced R7/R8 CELL-FACH1 R11 FE-FACH3 Small data bursts Up to 90% reduced signaling load over HSPA Another capacity over HSPA+ Non full-buffer applications Extended battery life over HSPA2 Further extended battery life allows small amounts of data to be efficiently transported in CELL-FACH state: up to 90% reduction in network signaling load due for social media example. 2Cell-DCH w/ R7 CPC allows non full buffer apps to use connected mode, DCH, more efficiently (DTX/DRX). 3A main enhancements is downlink triggered feedback (CQI) and acknowledgements on the FACH reverse link, which makes FACH efficient like a regular HSPA link, see simulation assumptions 17 in R1-112679 1R7/R8
HSPA+ enhancements for Internet of everything Further 3GPP R12 enhancements such as: Very long DRX Cycle - days Fast return to Idle State Significantly increased battery life Reduced measurements Reduced signaling Increased capacity Low data rate • Small data size • Infrequent transmissions/receptions • Limited power source 18
Remaining power/resources for HSPA+ data Available power/resources Power/resources for WCDMA voice 5MHz carrier WCDMA/HSPA+ WCDMA+ frees up capacity for HSPA+ data Also introducing scalable UMTS to enable WCDMA/HSPA+ in ½ and ¼ of 5MHz 19
WCDMA+ can free up ~2/3 of a carrier for data HSPA relies on WCDMA for voice, tripled voice efficiency means more resources left for data WCDMA WCDMA+ (5MHz Carrier) (5MHz Carrier) WCDMA Voice1 HSPA/ HSPA+ Data SAME VOICE CAPACITY USING A THIRD OF RESOURCES (UL/DL) FREED-UP FOR DATA (UP TO ~2/3 OF A 5 MHZ CARRIER FREED-UP) WCDMA+ Voice ENHANCED CIRCUIT SWITCHED VOICE2 1 There is ~10% DL data capacity available at max voice capacity not shown in the graph for WCDMA .Assumptions: single receive antenna and rake receiver assumed for voice, dual receive diversity assumed for data. . 2 WCDMA+ is a 3GPP R12 candidate which proposes 1) radio link enhancements and 2) EVS 5.9kbps Source Controlled Variable Bit Rate (VBR) Wideband mode instead of AMR 12.2k vocoder 20
WCDMA+ ensures high quality, reliable, ubiquitous voice Builds on Proven WCDMA Voice1 Extended Talk-Time2 ~30% reduced modem current consumption Global Roaming in Global Bands Simultaneous Voice and HSPA+ Data Leverages Existing Investments Proven Robustness with Soft-Handover 1 High quality tanks to soft handover, proven interoperability and 10+ years of WCDMA circuit switched voice optimizations. 2 Current modem consumption reduced by ~30% with WCDMA+ compared to WCDMA. 21
Circuit switched voice has a long life during the transition to richer, carrier grade VoIP IMS VoIP: Rich Voice – Ubiquity vs. OTT VoIP VoLTE Timing is Operator Specific VoIP over HSPA+ Driven by VoLTE 2013 Fallback to 2G/3G voice (CSFB) used by most LTE operators while the VoLTE with SRVCC ecosystem is being developed and expanded Proven Circuit Voice: High Quality, Reliable, Ubiquitous1 WCDMA+: Long life of HSPA+ means long life of WCDMA 2020+ 1 Thanks to soft handover, proven interoperability and 10+ years of 1X/WCDMA optimizations. OTT=Over-The-Top, voice just like any data service without Quality of Service 22
Scalable UMTS to re-farm fragmented GSM spectrum GSM GSM 2.1 MHz E.g. GSM 850/900 MHz ½ UMTS UMTS in < 5 MHz Bandwidth (1/2,1/4) 4.2 MHz UMTS (WCDMA/HSPA+) 1.05 MHz 4.2 MHz ¼ UMTS UMTS (WCDMA/HSPA+) E.g. UMTS 2.1 GHz 10 MHz Maintains Spectral Efficiency Note: Scalable UMTS is a 3GPP R12 candidate Maximizes Utilization of Available Spectrum Maintains Coverage 23
Qualcomm committed to continued HSPA+ evolution Standards Leadership Major 3GPP contributor Recognized expertise Industry-first Demos MWC 2007: Voice over HSPA MWC 2008: Dual-Carrier (CA) MWC 2009: Dual-Carrier 42 Mbps MWC 2010: Uplink beamforming MWC 2011: MultiFlow (CA) and supplemental downlink MWC 2012: HetNets range expansion MWC 2013: WCDMA+, Scalable UMTS MWC 2014: 4 carrier multiflow Qualcomm Snapdragon and Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. ; Actual screenshot from WCDMA+ Demo, first shown at MWC 2014 Industry-first Chipsets MDM 8200 HSPA+ Launched Feb 2009 MDM 8220 DC-HSPA+ Launched Aug 2010 9x25 LTE-A (cat4) HSPA+ CA 9x35 LTE-A (Cat6) HSPA+ CA LTE-A CA Launched in 2013 HSPA+ UL-CA launching in 2014 24
HSPA+ continues to evolve and support billions of users 1 2 3 4 Small cells with HSPA+ a key 1000x enabler Cell range expansion possible today—more enhancements in the pipeline Expanded chipset support for carrier aggregation ~2.5B HSPA/HSPA+ MBB* connections end of 2016 Going beyond today’s dual-carrier—aggregation across more carriers, bands, and uplink Continued carrier aggregation evolution Such as Multiflow—carrier aggregation across cells 1B WCDMA+ frees up HSPA+ data Also introducing scalable UMTS to enable WCDMA/HSPA+ in ½ and ¼ of 5MHz HSPA/HSPA+ MBB* connections reached in 2012 Source: Wireless Intelligence (Jan ‘13) . 2,437 Billion HSPA family connections expected Q4 2016 25
Driving network evolution www.qualcomm.com/hspa to learn more about the HSPA+ evolution HSPA+ Advanced Rel 11 & Beyond HSPA+ Rel 7-10 HSPA Rel 5-6 To learn more, go to www.qualcomm.com/1000x 26
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Thank you Follow us on: For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog © 2013 QUALCOMM Incorporated and/or its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved. Qualcomm is a trademark of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries. Other products and brand names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. References in this presentation to “Qualcomm” may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsi diaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomm’s licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Te chnologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomm’s enginee ring, research and development functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QCT. 28
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