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How To Write A Human Awareness Essay

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Information about How To Write A Human Awareness Essay
Education

Published on September 28, 2008

Author: GerryC

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This is an outline for writing a Human Awareness Essay for Year 12 Biology and the South Australian syllabus.
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How to write a Human Awareness Essay Cats destroy native wildlife. Should their numbers be controlled?

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Why the issue is important Definitions of key words Contrasting views on the issue Who may be affected by the issue and why. Paragraph The issue related to the domestic cat and its numbers directly impact on many individuals and groups in our society. In fact, given the large increase in numbers of domestic cats in the last 50 years or so, unless something is done to curb population size, the biodiversity of our ecosystems may be under threat .

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Why the issue is important

Definitions of key words

Contrasting views on the issue

Who may be affected by the issue and why.

Paragraph

The issue related to the domestic cat and its numbers directly impact on many individuals and groups in our society. In fact, given the large increase in numbers of domestic cats in the last 50 years or so, unless something is done to curb population size, the biodiversity of our ecosystems may be under threat .

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Why the issue is important Definitions of key words Contrasting views on the issue Who may be affected by the issue and why. Paragraph The endangered species protection Act of 1992 lists predation by feral cats as the key threatening process in the endangerment of natives species. Feral cats are defined as those that survive and reproduce in natural areas by hunting or scavenging.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Why the issue is important

Definitions of key words

Contrasting views on the issue

Who may be affected by the issue and why.

Paragraph

The endangered species protection Act of 1992 lists predation by feral cats as the key threatening process in the endangerment of natives species. Feral cats are defined as those that survive and reproduce in natural areas by hunting or scavenging.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Why the issue is important Definitions of key words Contrasting views on the issue Who may be affected by the issue and why . Paragraph The domestic cat is warmly portrayed as a cute and cuddly friend , to be pampered and treated to the most exquisite delicacies. Indeed, significant portions of our households act as home bases for these benign creatures. Not only do we need to consider the benefits gained by individual cat owners, we also need to look at the negative impact caused by this most voracious and efficient hunter

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Why the issue is important

Definitions of key words

Contrasting views on the issue

Who may be affected by the issue and why .

Paragraph

The domestic cat is warmly portrayed as a cute and cuddly friend , to be pampered and treated to the most exquisite delicacies. Indeed, significant portions of our households act as home bases for these benign creatures. Not only do we need to consider the benefits gained by individual cat owners, we also need to look at the negative impact caused by this most voracious and efficient hunter

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Why the issue is important Definitions of key words Contrasting views on the issue Who may be affected by the issue and why. Paragraph At many different levels of control of cat numbers is of real relevance. Councils and local governments need to respond to the issues raised by scientists and conservationists , and these decisions impact on all of us. The animal welfare groups such as the RSPCA , are empowered with dealing with stray cats and the appropriate destruction of unwanted.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Why the issue is important

Definitions of key words

Contrasting views on the issue

Who may be affected by the issue and why.

Paragraph

At many different levels of control of cat numbers is of real relevance. Councils and local governments need to respond to the issues raised by scientists and conservationists , and these decisions impact on all of us. The animal welfare groups such as the RSPCA , are empowered with dealing with stray cats and the appropriate destruction of unwanted.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Behaviour details that relates to the issue. Physiology that relates to the issue. Ecology that relates to the issue Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue. Paragraph Some important behavioural and physiological characteristics of the cat make it a most efficient hunter . Since the 1850's colonies of cats have been established in virtually all areas of the country. They are nocturnal and require very little water , receiving all of their requirements from the prey that they eat. In fact, it appears that very few environmental factors limit their distribution (4).

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Behaviour details that relates to the issue.

Physiology that relates to the issue.

Ecology that relates to the issue

Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue.

Paragraph

Some important behavioural and physiological characteristics of the cat make it a most efficient hunter . Since the 1850's colonies of cats have been established in virtually all areas of the country. They are nocturnal and require very little water , receiving all of their requirements from the prey that they eat. In fact, it appears that very few environmental factors limit their distribution (4).

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Behaviour details that relates to the issue. Physiology that relates to the issue. Ecology that relates to the issue Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue. Paragraph As a relatively young maturer , they are capable of reproducing at about one year of age , and, as they can have up to eight kittens per litter , they are quick and effective reproducers. They may breed at any time of the year under favourable conditions.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Behaviour details that relates to the issue.

Physiology that relates to the issue.

Ecology that relates to the issue

Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue.

Paragraph

As a relatively young maturer , they are capable of reproducing at about one year of age , and, as they can have up to eight kittens per litter , they are quick and effective reproducers. They may breed at any time of the year under favourable conditions.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Behaviour details that relates to the issue. Physiology that relates to the issue. Ecology that relates to the issue Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue. Paragraph As an introduced animal they have few natural predators and are very efficient hunters of small mammals, birds, reptiles and insects.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Behaviour details that relates to the issue.

Physiology that relates to the issue.

Ecology that relates to the issue

Potential biological problems that are linked to the issue.

Paragraph

As an introduced animal they have few natural predators and are very efficient hunters of small mammals, birds, reptiles and insects.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Behaviour details that relates to the issue. Physiology that relates to the issue. Ecology that relates to the issue Other biological problems that are linked to the issue. Paragraph Another concern regarding cats is the fact that they are known carriers of diseases like toxoplasmosis and sarcosporidiosis that can infect native animals and domestic livestock (1). Toxoplasmosis is known to cause severe problems to the developing foetus in humans if pregnant women are infected.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Behaviour details that relates to the issue.

Physiology that relates to the issue.

Ecology that relates to the issue

Other biological problems that are linked to the issue.

Paragraph

Another concern regarding cats is the fact that they are known carriers of diseases like toxoplasmosis and sarcosporidiosis that can infect native animals and domestic livestock (1). Toxoplasmosis is known to cause severe problems to the developing foetus in humans if pregnant women are infected.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: the effects of cats on native animals. Specific backup of main idea with examples. Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against. Paragraph When considering introducing controls on cat numbers or reducing the number of cats in Australia there are several factors that should be considered. Feral cats have had severe effects on many native species.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: the effects of cats on native animals.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against.

Paragraph

When considering introducing controls on cat numbers or reducing the number of cats in Australia there are several factors that should be considered. Feral cats have had severe effects on many native species.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: the effects of cats on native animals. Specific backup of main idea with examples. Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against. Paragraph They are known to have caused the extinction of a sub – species of parakeet and have put at risk recovery programmes aimed at protecting endangered species like the Mala and rock Wallabies.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: the effects of cats on native animals.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against.

Paragraph

They are known to have caused the extinction of a sub – species of parakeet and have put at risk recovery programmes aimed at protecting endangered species like the Mala and rock Wallabies.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: the effects of cats on native animals. Specific backup of main idea with examples. Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against. Paragraph Feral cats have been shown to thwart re-introduction programmes for endangered species, such as the Numbat, Golden Bandicoot and Burrowing Bettong in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. The dramatic recovery of species on islands after the removal of feral cats is evidence of their impact (2).

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: the effects of cats on native animals.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against.

Paragraph

Feral cats have been shown to thwart re-introduction programmes for endangered species, such as the Numbat, Golden Bandicoot and Burrowing Bettong in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. The dramatic recovery of species on islands after the removal of feral cats is evidence of their impact (2).

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: the effects of cats on native animals. Specific backup of main idea with examples. Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against. Paragraph Control schemes to reduce rabbit populations are proving effective, but as rabbit numbers fall, the feral cat turns to native birds and mammals for its source of food.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: the effects of cats on native animals.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

Further backup of main idea – alternatively you could have a second, different point against.

Paragraph

Control schemes to reduce rabbit populations are proving effective, but as rabbit numbers fall, the feral cat turns to native birds and mammals for its source of food.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: hard to control cat movements. Specific backup of main idea with examples. . Paragraph It is difficult to confine cats to a single back yard as they are extremely agile and mobile, easily capable of covering large distances in search of prey.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: hard to control cat movements.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

.

Paragraph

It is difficult to confine cats to a single back yard as they are extremely agile and mobile, easily capable of covering large distances in search of prey.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Key point: hard to control cat movements . Specific backup of main idea with examples . Paragraph It is difficult to confine cats to a single back yard as they are extremely agile and mobile , easily capable of covering large distances in search of prey. Unless owners take responsibility by sterilizing their pets before they reach reproductive age, many unwanted cats are born and stray off in search of food.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Key point: hard to control cat movements .

Specific backup of main idea with examples .

Paragraph

It is difficult to confine cats to a single back yard as they are extremely agile and mobile , easily capable of covering large distances in search of prey. Unless owners take responsibility by sterilizing their pets before they reach reproductive age, many unwanted cats are born and stray off in search of food.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Another key point: cat lovers will object to their control. Specific backup of main idea with examples. . Paragraph Introducing radical measures to reduce the effects of cats on native species will meet with strong opposition from many quarters.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Another key point: cat lovers will object to their control.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

.

Paragraph

Introducing radical measures to reduce the effects of cats on native species will meet with strong opposition from many quarters.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Another key point: cat lovers will object to their control. Specific backup of main idea with examples. Paragraph Introducing radical measures to reduce the effects of cats on native species will meet with strong opposition from many quarters. Many people receive real friendship and companionship from the relationships they develop with their cats. Studies have revealed cats can reduce blood pressure in elderly patients in nursing homes.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Another key point: cat lovers will object to their control.

Specific backup of main idea with examples.

Paragraph

Introducing radical measures to reduce the effects of cats on native species will meet with strong opposition from many quarters. Many people receive real friendship and companionship from the relationships they develop with their cats. Studies have revealed cats can reduce blood pressure in elderly patients in nursing homes.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Two final points: cat have uses. How do you get rid of excess or feral cats?. Paragraph In homes where vermin like mice and rats abound, cats can be effective in controlling numbers .

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Two final points: cat have uses.

How do you get rid of excess or feral cats?.

Paragraph

In homes where vermin like mice and rats abound, cats can be effective in controlling numbers .

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Two final points: cat have uses. How do you get rid of excess or feral cats? Paragraph In homes where vermin like mice and rats abound, cats can be effective in controlling numbers. If cat numbers are to be reduced the real issue of how the cats are to be destroyed needs to be addressed.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Two final points: cat have uses.

How do you get rid of excess or feral cats?

Paragraph

In homes where vermin like mice and rats abound, cats can be effective in controlling numbers. If cat numbers are to be reduced the real issue of how the cats are to be destroyed needs to be addressed.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details How are the authorities dealing with the issue? Federal? State and local? Own ideas Details of ideas for control Paragraph Currently feral cat numbers are controlled by shooting, trapping, baiting and the use of cat-proof fences . These techniques have eradicated cats from some islands but obviously they will not eradicate cats from mainland Australia, as urban strays can easily re – colonise the areas.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

How are the authorities dealing with the issue?

Federal?

State and local?

Own ideas

Details of ideas for control

Paragraph

Currently feral cat numbers are controlled by shooting, trapping, baiting and the use of cat-proof fences . These techniques have eradicated cats from some islands but obviously they will not eradicate cats from mainland Australia, as urban strays can easily re – colonise the areas.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details How are the authorities dealing with the issue? Federal? State and local? Own ideas Details of ideas for control Paragraph The Commonwealth Government has two programmes that are aimed at reducing the impact of feral animals ; the Feral Pests programme and the Vertebrate Pest programme. Financial support is provided from the Commonwealth government. [Note: no reference here]

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

How are the authorities dealing with the issue?

Federal?

State and local?

Own ideas

Details of ideas for control

Paragraph

The Commonwealth Government has two programmes that are aimed at reducing the impact of feral animals ; the Feral Pests programme and the Vertebrate Pest programme. Financial support is provided from the Commonwealth government. [Note: no reference here]

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details How are the authorities dealing with the issue? Federal? State and local? Own ideas Details of ideas for control Paragraph At the local level, state government departments (National Parks and Wildlife Services) are taking positive actions. They have a long history of practical feral cat management.(3) The policy of destroying cats trapped in national parks is an attempt to reduce the impact in these sensitive areas. The use of microchips as indicators of ownership and tattoos on the ears , to show that desexing has been carried out, are moves by the community in the right direction.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

How are the authorities dealing with the issue?

Federal?

State and local?

Own ideas

Details of ideas for control

Paragraph

At the local level, state government departments (National Parks and Wildlife Services) are taking positive actions. They have a long history of practical feral cat management.(3) The policy of destroying cats trapped in national parks is an attempt to reduce the impact in these sensitive areas. The use of microchips as indicators of ownership and tattoos on the ears , to show that desexing has been carried out, are moves by the community in the right direction.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details How are the authorities dealing with the issue? Federal? State and local? Own ideas Details of ideas for control Paragraph I think that education pamphlets , produced by the Australian Nature Conservation agency, provide valuable information to the community regarding the real problems caused by cats. The use of radio and television , as has occurred with the “be a responsible dog owner” campaign, would be extremely helpful in alerting people to the problem of stray cats and unwanted litters . Sometimes many in the community reel in horror as a person’s rights are infringed if a dog barks, but benignly accept the cuddly cat roaming at will, destroying our natives species.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

How are the authorities dealing with the issue?

Federal?

State and local?

Own ideas

Details of ideas for control

Paragraph

I think that education pamphlets , produced by the Australian Nature Conservation agency, provide valuable information to the community regarding the real problems caused by cats. The use of radio and television , as has occurred with the “be a responsible dog owner” campaign, would be extremely helpful in alerting people to the problem of stray cats and unwanted litters . Sometimes many in the community reel in horror as a person’s rights are infringed if a dog barks, but benignly accept the cuddly cat roaming at will, destroying our natives species.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details How are the authorities dealing with the issue? Federal? State and local? Own ideas Details of ideas for control Paragraph I would support such moves as: All homes to be restricted to an ownership of two cats . All pet cats to be registered with microchip identification and sterilized before they reach reproductive maturity, unless they are with a registered breeder. Registered breeders to be controlled and monitored by appropriate authorities. An active campaign of eradication of feral cats in the wild to be implemented. The cats to be destroyed in a quick and painless procedure.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

How are the authorities dealing with the issue?

Federal?

State and local?

Own ideas

Details of ideas for control

Paragraph

I would support such moves as:

All homes to be restricted to an ownership of two cats .

All pet cats to be registered with microchip identification and sterilized before they reach reproductive maturity, unless they are with a registered breeder.

Registered breeders to be controlled and monitored by appropriate authorities.

An active campaign of eradication of feral cats in the wild to be implemented. The cats to be destroyed in a quick and painless procedure.

Should domestic cats be banned? Plan Introduction Background Biology Points for Points against Manage-ment of the issue Conclusion Plan details Summary of key points Paragraph In summary, community awareness and moves have begun in alerting people to the real dangers that cats pose to native species, but I don't believe it has gone anywhere near enough . We need to take more responsibility in not just caring for ourselves but in considering the impacts of our lifestyle and actions on the environment and the other species that live with.

Plan

Introduction

Background Biology

Points for

Points against

Manage-ment of the issue

Conclusion

Plan details

Summary of key points

Paragraph

In summary, community awareness and moves have begun in alerting people to the real dangers that cats pose to native species, but I don't believe it has gone anywhere near enough . We need to take more responsibility in not just caring for ourselves but in considering the impacts of our lifestyle and actions on the environment and the other species that live with.

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