Published on March 4, 2014
Reinforcement is one of the most powerful ways teachers can encourage good behavior.
Research has repeatedly shown that positive reinforcement is much more effective than negative reinforcement or punishment
Positive reinforcement tends to increase the occurrence of a desirable behavior, enhances the child’s selfconcept, and gives the child a feeling of independence and accomplishment.
Patience, persistence, and consistency are the keys in making positive reinforcement work for you.
1. Social Reinforcers- smiles and verbal praise are best and most frequently used ways to reinforce children.
2. Activity Reinforcers- these include special privileges, such as choosing the story , carrying the ball outside, sitting next to the teacher at lunch, or another favorite activity
3. Primary Reinforcersstickers, stars, balloons, chips( tokens that can be exchanged for a prize) peanuts, dry cereal, or paper badges may also be used as rewards.
• Start the day off right • Use praise sparingly and specifically • Use verbal positive reinforcement loudly and openly
• Use visual aids • Be immediate with your positive reinforcement. • Catch the good, not the bad
•Try not to reward students with sweets or too much "stuff".
•Make sure you aren't constantly praising the same students
• Whenever a child exhibits a behavior, there are either positive or negative consequences that result
•Positive reinforcement doesn’t just affect children’s behavior. It also affects adults
• giving a high five • offering praise • giving a hug or pat on the back
• giving a thumbs-up • clapping and cheering • telling another adult how proud you are of your child’s behavior while your child is listening
•using manners •playing quietly •waiting patiently
• playing nicely with a sibling • complying with a request right away • putting in a lot of effort on a difficult task • completing chores
• The more often and the more consistently you can reinforce good behavior, the more likely your child will repeat these behaviors
• Provide children with some surprise positive reinforcement from time to time and it will still likely be effective.
Avoid Accidental Positive Reinforcement
Behaviors to Reinforce. Use positive reinforcement to encourage any behaviors that you want your child to repeat. Examples of behaviors to reinforce include:
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