Published on October 21, 2019
slide 1: 1 All rights reserved. ©. Fernando Josei Kanashiro Pereira. WWW. CREATE-MUSIC-SOFTWARE-FREE.ME LEARN HOW TO WRITE DRUM BEATS AND MAKE MUSIC IN YOUR COMPUTERFOR BEGINNERS slide 2: LEARN HOW TO WRITE DRUM BEATS AND MAKE MUSIC IN YOUR COMPUTERFOR BEGINNERS Hello to everyone In this mini course we are going to learn how to read and write rhythm both in Music Sheet using Musescore Music Software and Magix Music Maker Software. https://www.create-music-software-free.me/2017/12/learn- how-to-write-drum-beats-and-make.html The goal in this course is to learn to create amazing drum beats and percussion beats and use for your work such as youtube music music band and other projects. We will cover how to read a music sheet of a drum set or percussion covering all the Music Theory for Rhythm in music transcription and how to write a music sheet in to Magix Music Maker Software. For now we are only covering the rhytmic music theory part. We can divide the music in 3 sections: Rhythm Melody and Harmony for this course we are going to cover only rhythm but stay tune for others courses here with us: www.create-music-software-free.me Steps that we are going to take throughout the course: 1. Learn the division in time for music 2. Learn how to recognize a rhythm from a music rhythm 3. Learn Meter Signatures 4. Learn Music Sheet and the most used simbols and transcriptions to read rhythm. 5. Learn different rhythm styles across the world 6. Learn How to read a partiture and play into Magix Music Maker slide 3: MUSIC SOFTWARE: MAGIX MUSIC MAKER AND MUSESCORE Ok lets get started with the softwares download MuseScore and Music Maker Free version: Musescore: https://musescore.org Magix: http://x.co/magixmusic Before you download Music Maker on Magix Website you need to check my post on how to put more instruments on Magix Free version: https://www.create-music- software-free.me/2018/09/how-to-get-more-instruments-in-magix.html First lets use Music Maker to learn division in time and grouping beats. After doing that we are going to cover music theory and symbols to read sheet music and then we are going to use both to write music sheet and to play a music sheet into Magix Music Maker. Magix Music Maker is a free music software to use for creating editing and mixing music and audio files. Its a great software to start if youre a beginner this type of program can be called DAWdigital audio workstation and you can find some similar programs such as Ableton Reaper SamplitudeMagix too Music StudioMagix too Fruit Loops Lmms and a lot others. Musescore is a music software too but its a music notation software which is more focused in writing music sheets rather than producing and mixing audio files. But you can play and import or export Midi Files or Audio filesWav Mp3 etc we will learn that too later in this course. You can check Sibelius its a great music sheet software but you need to pay for that the quality is more professional like. But Musescore is good enough to write music notation. slide 4: Sound and time In music we need to understand 2 things sound and time. Time occurs in the duration of sounds and the silence between these sounds. Lets go and see some terms that are going to be usefull during this course: Sound is the sensation perceived by the organs of hearing when vibrations sound waves reach the ear. If you clap you can hear the sound of a clap. Our ears capture this from vibration and read as sound. Vibration is the periodic motion of a substance. When you play an instrument parts of the instrument the strings sounding board etc. and the air inside and around the instrument vibrate. This is how we can produce sound If you put a coin inside of a glass we can produce a vibration singular to those materials used the coin and the glass and we can say how it vibrates how long can be heard. Compression and rarefraction are terms refer to the alternation of increased compression and decreased rare faction pressure in the air caused by an activated vibrating surface or air column. One complete cycle of compression and rarefaction produces a vibration or sound wave. These two actions can control the vibration producing a type of sound or duration of a sound. slide 5: Frequency refers to the number of compression–rarefaction cycles that occur per unit of time usually one second. Audible sounds for the human ear range from 20 to 20000 c ycles per second. The more short the space between compression and rarefraction the more high is the sound and the more distant between these two produces a low frequency of a sound. We can find 4 indetifiable properties or characteristics of sound: pitch intensity duration and timbre. Properties of sound can be 4: Pitch: Pitch is the highness or lowness of a sound. Variations in frequency are what we hear as variations in pitch: The greater the number of sound waves produced per second of an elastic body the higher the sound we hear the fewer sound waves per second the lower the sound. In the piano we have various keys to play you can get low pitch and higher pitch around the keyboad notes. And tone is a music sound to identify in which pitch we are playing in the instrument. Its related to the notes: doremifasollasido. Intensity: Intensity amplitude is heard as the loudness or softness of a pitch. In acoustics the science of sound intensity is the amount of energy affecting the vibrating body and the physicist measures intensity on a scale from 0 to 130 in units called decibels. In Magix we will see how to control intensity using the velocity editor in the music notation we will see some symbols in italian to control the intensity. Duration: is the length of time a pitch or tone is sounded. We will focused a lot in this term which is very important to give a rhythm variations and unique rhythmic phrases its related to the meter we will cover that too. Timbre: is the tone quality or color of a sound. It is the property of sound that permits us for instance to distinguish the difference between the sound of a clarinet and an oboe. This sound quality is determined by the shape of the vibrating body its material metal wood human tissue and the method used to put it in motion striking bowing blowing plucking. It is also the result of the human ear’s perception of a series of tones called the harmonic series which is produced by all instruments. These concepts and image are from the reference: Music in theory and practice volume 1 Bruce Benward Late of the University of Wisconsin–MadisonMarilyn Saker Eastern Michigan University Mac Graw Hill Higher education. slide 6: Rhythm and Music Rhythm Lets just say that we have a song about 1 minute duration. We can see that this music play in this period of time right We have our clock in our home or cellphone etc... If we see the clock it has a pattern can you realize that each second pass around the same time through each other So the distance between 1 and 2 seconds have the same distance thinking about that way if we counting 1...2...3...4...5...60 we have a pattern beats that has the same value between each other. Getting back to the 1 minute music each second that we can count we can play music notes along the song. But how to start When i start counting Well well see about that in the video but lets think that each second has a value that we call a beat. In each beat we can write some music notes and then form music rhythm and the music itself combined with melodies and harmony. So if we have a pattern we have rhythm if we combine a pattern tempo meter signaturetime signature dynamics and duration of a note or rest we have rhythm. slide 7: Music Rhythm Elements So far lets exercise the music rhythm elements: pattern tempo time signature dynamics and durationof a note or rest. First we have our pattern which is the pulse of the music if you tap your feet along the music you are following the pattern the pulse this pulse has a tempo. The tempo of the music is the speed of the pulse that show us how fast or slow the music is played. In music we need to group the beats in order to give us the time signature of the musicmeter we can recognize with the meter how the music notes can be placed in our secondsbeats pulse on the timeline line of the music. slide 8: Before we jump into Magix Music Maker to see the elements lets take a look in the music notes the melodic part of it: Ok in the image below we have the midi editor and the music staff as we Can see they’re both similar in the midi editor we have the group seconds The bars and the seconds are subdivided in many parts. In the music staff we Have the spaces divided the bars we need to write the notes in that space In music staff we do not have the seconds subdivided like in the midi editor But they’re all have symbols which are related to the value só we will cover that Later. We have in the piano keyboard the white notes all 8 notes in music: DoReMiFaSolLaSiDo in the black notes we have others notes that represents half pitch more or less to the white note next to them. We will use for this course only percussion and drums so we can find the sounds in these white and black key of the piano keyboard. So understand the music notes and how to use them in Magix we can start with the elements. Dont you worry about the music sheet we will cover these in the Music Notation and symbols chapter. slide 9: We have also the dynamics and duration of the notes and rests. Using dynamics we can play a note strong or weak depending on how we want to our melodic phrase or rhythm pattern or phrase sound. We can play how many notes we want during the secondswhich give us the duration in each second we can play more than 1 music note. The more you divide 1 beat and put the notes in it the more you need to be fast to play them the same as for the long notes if you want to play a note that the duration occupies 2 beats or 4 beats you can do it too. In the first window of Magix that we will use we can choose the time signature and the tempo of the music. We have our metronome that you can highlight to listen to the pulse of the time signature and the tempo of the music. slide 10: In the second screen of Magix Music Maker we have the Midi Editor where we can create the note values and rests you can notice that we have our Barmeasure Control to control how many bars we have in the song which means how many groups of secondsbeats it has. And also we have the velocity editor which give us the opportunity to add some dynamics to the note values strong note or weak or normal etc. Later on we will see some dynamics and the names that music sheet uses to give dynamics to the notes. Below the control bar we have the secondsbeats that we can create the rhythm they are groups of 4 beats each so we have the time signature 4/4 which means that we organize in 4 beats each group this is the way that Magix show to us: 1:1 1:2 1:31:4 and for the second bar: 2:1 2:2 2:3 2:4 and so on so forth. In music sheet we will see a different way but the in theory it follows the same thought. slide 11: Subdivision of a music note and the rest If you can understand these elements in music rhythm its a way half step to the big picture here. For now we need to learn the subdivision of notes and rest and when done understand that we can get into music sheet symbols and notations it will be just a matter of memorize the symbols because you already know how it works. We can play a lot of note in one beat and we can play like 1 note during 1 bar4 beats. Do it yourself listen to the clock pulsation and say “aaaah” during 4 beatsseconds. Ok now do “ah” during 1 beat. Easy right So to get great drum beat and rhythmic phrases its always good to divide by 1 beat.....ok now try to say “ah-ah” in 1 second....did you get it It sounds difficult but is just a matter of training.We can get a lot of rhythmic phrases. Lets see the picture here: slide 12: In the image above we can see in a very simple way that we can divide a beat in 1 beat itself in 2 3 4 etc... Try to say “ah ah ah ah” in one second of your clock... sounds difficult right some “ah” sound more long than others but in music rhythm if you divide a beat in 4 parts we need for all of them to sound exactly the same duration same for the other subdivisions like playing 3 notes in one second 8 notes in 1 second 7 notes etc... slide 13: As we can see with a music software it get kind of easy to play because the software itself subdivide very perfectly when we get into music notation in musescore we will practice with the palm of our hand how to execute these subdivisions and some types of rhythm phrases. Just to recap we can do a lot with subdivisions its just a matter of experiments: slide 14: Now that we understand how the subdivision of notes and duration works we can now play our first drum beat: Ok so far so good Congrats Lets move on to Musescore and learn the symbols and all music notation representation to write rhythm. Its kinda easy now that you finish this first part of the course slide 15: Music Notation Symbols Ok for now on lets use Musescore software. In this chapter lets see how music sheet works no secrets here very easy to understand as I said you finish the most difficult part for now its just a matter of memorize the notation symbols of music. We will learn the elements of music rhythm that we know so far pattern tempo time signature dynamic and durationnote values and rest and subdivisions and how to read and write it in a music sheet using Musescore. We will also cover others time signatures that can help us to expand our rhythm styles we will see the time signature for jazz blues valsa etc... and all types of time signatures. We will learn how to read and play using our hands and execute as a instrument in our hands literally. There is some others symbols that need to be added in order to help us to read a entire music sheet like the repetitions of bars how to finish a music and other things we will cover this with a lot of exercise. For this time now you have the most important knowledge which is the time division and subdivision this is the most important thing to know and get this into music sheet and notation as I said its just a matter of memorize the symbols. Ok lets get started slide 16: If we think about music notation its always good to see how things were back in time and how the evolution of music notation was during the days until now: I believe that things in the past were kinda difficult for music. But the human being is very intelligent so now we even got a software that can make things easier even more. We will see not only the structure and symbols changed elements in music changed too. A long time ago the music pieces could take a whole week just to be played music was very slowtempo. There are note valuesduration that we lost because of the time we live in people running very busy we capture information very fast people stressed and etc... the life style is reflected to the music the majority of music now a days have 3 or 4 minutes only and the most of are fast musictempo and we will see later in this course that are some note values that we dont even use anymore there is some exceptions but very rare to useduration. Lets see how Musescore represents a music sheet to us and compare this with Magix we will analize just the area that we are going to write and work the elements of music rhythm: slide 17: Which will give us something like these example: slide 18: We understood how to group and divide the timebeats we now understood where to work with tempo and time signature. We know how to find sounds in a music sheet and how to create a sheet just for percussion solo and for full drumset. For now on lets focus in the subdivision of the note values. Remember that we are going to explore more time signatures but for that moment lets work with 4/4 signature. In music notation when we talk about subdivison we need to think to write down the played note and the rest. In Magix we only write down in the Midi editor the note value itself the rest we only leave as it is empty but in music notation in a sheet we need to know which symbols corresponds to the note value. slide 19: There is no secret here as we made in Magix the note values always follow the subdivision formula dont you worry if this is to complicated now this will take a time we will exercise a lot so by the end of this course you will get used to these symbols. slide 20: Ok Lets see the name of the note values and the related names of the rests: Lets do some exercises to compare the note values in Magix and Music sheet. slide 21: We can use the Tie and the Dot to add more time for 1 note value if we use the dot we are adding to the value a half of the note who got the dot if we use a tie we are adding the two note values note 1 + note 2 tied up: The note can be marked with 2 dots which give us first dot half of the note and second dot half of the first dot. slide 22: Based on what we learnt so far lets play again this rhythm but now translating to music notation its very easy So now that we are more familiarize with the note values in music notation lets expand our knowledge into division and subdivision of notes to get us into more different types of time signatures which can give us freedom to write more rhythm styles such as jazz samba blues medieval valsa and others music genres that uses time signatures different than 4/4. slide 23: The notes with 3 5 and 7 subdivisions they are called Tuplets which give us to play equally the notes subdivided by different division than 2. slide 24: For now on lets explore more types of time signature. As we already know we play all the time with the time signature 4/4 which is most used lets put that way in pop music our ears are trained to listen to this type of time signature. But in music we can find a lot of time signatures so they are classified in Simple and Compound which is related to how many beats I have in 1 second of the bar I will count 1 2 3 4 each pulse has 1 note value to fill. the most common simple meter are 2 3 or 4 I need 1 note value to fill 1 beat this give me simple meter. If 1 pulse is a dotted note we have to divide 1 beat in groups of 3 parts to fill 1 beat compound division for example the metronome is pulsing 2 but to fill all the note values it gives me 3 notes to fill in the total I have 6 2 pulses but 3 notes values each one that gives me 6 the most common compound meters are 6 9 and 12. Knowing simple and compound we have the duple triple and quadruple which follow the pulse of metronome if we have 2 beats per bar we have duple 3 for triple and 4 for quadruple. The asymmetrical meters are the ones who can be divided in equal parts usually they are the duple triple and quadruple meters combined: slide 25: You made it Congratulations The most important part we have For now lets adding the others symbols we will learn additional symbols as the exercise requires so in that way we can learn while we practice. To the final touch we have some tempoandamento symbols to know and dynamics symbols to write in music notation. After that we are going to see some others notations that we will be using in the following exercises. slide 26: Now there are two additional material that you need to download: This one has some percussion notations that help us to read some symbols and notations in percussion and drum music sheets: http://web.mit.edu/merolish/Public/drums.pdf This one is pdf guide for us to understand some signs and notations in music sheet in general https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_musical_symbols slide 27: We will cover a lot of music notation symbols so dont you worry you will be able to learn all of them to read and write your rhythm patterns and music. For now you need to go to our website and make all the exercises in the learn rhythm music playlist: https://www.create-music-software-free.me/ Thanks a lot for taking this music theory course module rhythm and hope this could help you to understand and to learn how to read and write music . The next step is for us to learn the melody part of music theory in this module we will cover all the melodic part in the music theory such as: music notes scales keys intervals and chords. This will allow you to write melodies in guitar piano bass string orquestra and any melodic instrument. You already have the rhythm part of music theory which is a huge step now is just a matter of understand how to use the music notes in a organized way to create great music and combine our rhythm with our melodies. Www.comingsoon...