Published on March 5, 2014
How To Raise Ducks In A Farm Brought To You By: www.GuideToProfitableLivestock.Com
Raising Ducks A lot of people who raised chickens are now turning to raising ducks. The main reason for this being that duck meat and eggs are growing in demand. Consumers enjoy eating duck meat and eggs because they taste a lot better then chicken. Its now estimated that the United States raises over 19 million ducks in a single year. Ducklings require a lot of proteins to mature. When they are about 3 weeks old they should be feed starter feeds with 22% of proteins. Once they are over 5 weeks you can then decrease the amount of protein intake. Its very important that you follow this procedure so your ducks grow healthy and strong. Other farmers prefer raising ducks for meat because they cost less then those of eggs. Its estimated that egg ducks consume 75% more laying feed when compared to egg chickens. Duck eggs are usually hatched to be sold later. Make sure that your ducks have some kind of shelter. Duck shelters are not that expensive because they can be made of wood and bamboo. Just make sure the shelter has good roofing so that rain doesn’t come in. If the shelter gets wet bacteria can begin to form thus causing diseases. For your ducks to be comfortable you can put hulls and corn cobs on the floor. This will also give warmth to your ducks. Your ducks should be fed multivitamins to keep them healthy. They also should receive pesticide spray at list once a year so they can be resistant to mites and worms. You can also have a veterinarian come check your ducks to make sure they are disease free and are getting the right amount of nutrients. The Different Types Of Ducks Ducks are a distinct group of waterfowl belonging to the Anatidae family of birds. Like the other bird species included in this family, such as geese and swans, the different types of ducks are characterized by their small plump bodies, short bills, and of course, their webbed feet. Also, the males of the species are usually the ones with the more colorful plumage. The most common different types of ducks in the United States are the following: 1. Dabbling Ducks - these got their names from their feeding habits. They wade or dabble in shallow water as they use their bills to skim for food. They are normally seen with their heads bowed in the water poking around for nourishment while their rear ends are sticking up. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has recorded ten different types of ducks which are of the native North American dabbling duck species: the American Black Duck, Mallard, Cinnamon Teal, Northern Pintail, Green-winged Teal, Mottled Duck, Wigeons, Wood Duck, Blue-winged Teal, and the Northern Shovler.
2. Diving Ducks - these likewise got their names from the way they feed. They dive into the water to catch their food, be it plant or animal matter. The USGS lists the Canvasback, the Greater and Lesser Scaup, Ring-necked, and the Redhead as the species of diving ducks. 3. Sea Ducks - despite the name, some species of sea ducks spend time in freshwater rivers and lakes. There are fifteen different species which are common in the United States. These are the Common Eider, King Eider, Spectacled Eider, Steller's Eider, Black Scoter, White-winged Scoter, Surf Scoter, Barrow's Goldeneye, Bufflehead, Long-tailed Duck, Common Merganser, Red-breasted Merganser, Harlequin Duck, Common Goldeneye, and the Hooded Merganser. 4. Stiff-tailed Ducks - as their name implies, these ducks swim with their tail stiffly projected up in the air. There are only two species in the United States: the Ruddy Ducks, which are commonly found in the freshwater ponds and lakes on the West Coast; and the Masked Duck, which is a resident of warmer places such as Texas and Florida. 5. Whistling Ducks - while different types of ducks are commonly associated with quacking, this species is known to vocalize through whistling. Like the Stiff-tailed Ducks, there are only two species in the United States: the Black-Bellied Duck, which is normally found along the southern coast of Texas; and the Fulvous Whistling Duck, which normally resides along the southern states from California to Florida. Raising A Duck As A House Pet It is surprising to hear and not many people have heard of this but; yes there are ducks that live in human homes. It is very rare but, seems to be occurring more often these days. Ducks are becoming domesticated in several areas of the country. Believe it or not, Ducks make great pets. There is a lot involved in the care of having a Duck for a Pet. There is also a lot of learning to be done. Most families receive their ducks for Easter as gifts. Then families have no idea what to do with their duck. Families start to realize that their new duck is not around her/his mom and other ducklings that they need to grow and survive. Right after Easter many families (if they care) have to start researching about Duck Care. Most families decide to give away their precious duck after they get them and bond with them. It is important for families to know that, within a few days of having their duck he/she has already "imprinted" with them. The family becomes his/her pack. What most families should do is learn how to care for this precious Duck without the neglect of leaving her outside, in a pen all day, and with no attention. This duck they have will need the love, affection, care, and attention that our other pets in their family always receive. Now a days, most duck owners start with the internet. The search can be started by searching for information on house training a duck, duck diapers, what to feed a duck, duck as pets, and much more. Pet Duck Care and Duck Diapers are easy to find in the search engines. More people are raising Ducks for Pets. But, some advice to be taken; there are all sorts of different opinions and advice for Domestic Duck and Goose Care. Pet duck owners will have to do some studying of on the different duck care sites and services that are now easier to find on the internet.
In the beginning it will be very hard to care for this Duck. You see, ducks are very clean creatures in one way but, very messy in another. The messy part of a duck is the "Poop". It will be all over if you do not control it. If you are thinking of a way to "litter train" your duck...that will Never happen. The only thing that will control the duck poop is "The Miracle Duck Diapers". What a life saver and difference they will make. The diapers will allow your duck baby to be in the house anytime that he/she has the harness and diaper on. There are also Duck Outfits that are adorable and fun to sport ducks around in. Not only will the new duck love being in the house with you but, he/she will just love to be in the duck bath more. Do not let them have baths for a few weeks though. They can get very ill and die is they are put into a cold bath with in the first few weeks of their lives. They can also drown. The favorite thing for most ducks is bath time, rather it be by sprinkler, hose, or a special bath. They love outside kiddie pools so much and will literally swim, splash, and have a great time. Most ducks love to be out in the yard, graze the grass, and eat bugs. Their favorite bugs are meal worms. You can even raise your own meal worms. There are instructions for that on You Tube. Meal worms are getting pretty costly. If you raise them, not only will it be more economical, but there will also be more of an abundance of the worms. If you do have or get a duck, it is important to know Exactly what their most favorite thing to do is. Their most favorite thing in the entire world is To Be With You or their Family. If you raise your duck from a little bitty baby, they "imprint" on you. You and the family become their "pack". If you put your "imprinted" duck with other ducks...your duck will not know what to do. Many people get and give ducks for Easter Gifts. Then they keep them until they are tired of them and then they dump them off where other ducks live. Big mistake! Those folks are setting their duck up for Death. A "Human Imprinted Duck" does not know how to survive with other ducks. Other ducks will not accept her/him either, and the "human imprinted duck" will not survive. Most often getting or giving a Duck for Easter is a Big Mistake. If you get or give a Duck for Easter, then you better be Serious about having one. Breeding Ducks Ducks belong to the same family unit as geese and swans in waterfowl. There are about 150 species of ducks. Since ducks are wild water birds, the general notion is that breeding ducks must be challenging. This is far from accurate. Ducks have been domesticated and strains produced to cause it easier in support of breeding and used for egg and meat production. The percentage of the poultry population that duck represents is ten percent and is subsequent only to chicken, which is the nearly everyone sought after. However, adult ducks who have not been handled previously or wild ducks will not make up pleasant pets. As a duck imprints on a human, the bond of trust that develops rivals that of humans and dogs, for example, and can provide enduring companionship if they are not surrounded by other ducks. Ducks habitually breed in the winter and hatch in the spring. There are several advantages of breeding ducks whilst compared to other poultry.
For one thing, ducks do not need as much attention as other poultry do and are not as hypersensitive. They are resilient to many parasites, avian and other diseases and this makes it stress-free to accommodate them and feed them. Since these birds are tough and not delicate like chicken, they are lovely for integrated farming, and can even be bred along with fish. When keeping ducks and remember to separate the baby ducks from the adult ducks. A duck breeding area is simple to keep up and there are several places they can be bred. The marshy river side and wet land are perfect for breeding. Being small birds, they can also be set aside in small pens or sheds. This eliminates the need for extensive farming houses with out of the ordinary temperature settings. The duck breeding population in the mid continent area of North America of 42 million ducks was the fourth highest recorded since 1955. Even where laying eggs is concerned, ducks lay in the region of 50 eggs more than chicken and these eggs are heavier by 15 or 20 grams too, making it much more profitable for the breeders. Duck eggs are in demand and there are some individuals who prefer them to chicken eggs. Many people like them for baking and pastries. Many of those allergic to chicken eggs can often use duck eggs instead. Although duck eggs are believed to contain higher fat content and more cholesterol, they are also said to be higher in omega-3 fatty acids, which are considered essential for human health and cannot be produced by the body. Ducks are mild natured birds and breeders do not have to worry about agonistic behavior. That's what makes them enjoyable for breeding even from the hobby point of observation. These birds are fascinating and kids love to watch them. They are small in size and do not need too much space too. As soon as hatching, it is very straightforward to sex ducklings and this saves on labor. Their feathers are valuable and many industries would purchase them from the breeders for a good sum. Ducks have many types of breeds and, depending on what you need, they also have their own unique qualities that can help make your venture in breeding ducks a success. Duck Diseases Ducks are most resistant to diseases than chicken and other fowls. Losses from various causes can be minimized through proper management, adequate appropriate feeding and housing, strict sanitary practices, and effective prevention medication and vaccination program. However, even with all precautionary measures, substantial losses are incurred in duck farming operation due to various causes. Duck diseases are those caused by pathogenic viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites while non infectious types are due to chemical poisons, toxins, inferior feed or ration and environmental factors. Here are some useful tips preventing duck diseases:
1) Secure constructed buildings so that dogs, cats, rats and other possible disease cannot enter 2) Raise only healthy stocks. Sick birds should be culled immediately and disposed of properly to avoid spread of infection 3) Burn or bury dead ducks as soon as possible to avoid flies from breeding on the decomposing matter. This will also prevent infected maggots from being eaten by ducks 4) Feed ducks with balanced rations. Ducks fed with unbalanced ration are prone to diseases 5) Vaccinate ducklings against duck cholera with polyvalent bacterin if available. Give antibioticvitamin-mineral supplement to suppress build-up of bacterial infection and improve the ducks' health condition 6) Provide cool, fresh and clean drinking water at all times. Clean waterers at least once a day. Highly polluted water is detrimental to the ducks' health and can affect overall performance 7) Avoid giving decomposed food such as snail, shrimps, fish and meat which may contain virulent microorganisms or their toxins 8) Provide clean and dry feeders at all times. Wet feeders are prone to the growth of yeasts, harmful bacteria and harmful molds which are sources of mycotoxins such as aflatoxin, ocratoxin and related toxins. Since ducks are highly susceptible to aflatoxicosis, the above activity should be strictly followed 9) Keep ducks of the same age in the same pen and provide them with the same medication 10) Purchase stock from reliable sources or hatcheries 11) Keep the farm and its surroundings clean. Ducks should be provided with clean and dry litter and well drained areas 12) Provide well ventilated with dry flooring or litter. Do not overstock the animals in the pen 13) Minimize activities that can cause stress to the ducks and thus lower its production 14) Prohibit delivery trucks and visitors from entering the production areas as disease organisms are often introduced into the farm by these delivery vehicles and/or visitors 15) Install footpath in strategic locations to prevent entry of infective agents into the farm 16) Spray the animals with insecticides at least once a year to control lice and mites, beetles and other arthropods that can cause annoyance to the ducks 17) Make sure that palays are free from insecticides which can cause adverse effects on the health and production of the ducks 18) Maintain good production and health records 19) Supervise closely the overall duck farm operation 20) Avoid mixing new stock to the flock. Quarantine newly arrived ducks for at least two weeks. Outbreak of disease may occur through introduction of sick or carrier ducks
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