Published on February 26, 2014
Use the Past Simple to say when/where/how/by whom the company was founded. GAP Inc. was founded in 1969 by Donald G. Fisher. Unilever was formed in 1930. by merging with British soap maker Lever Brothers.
Use the Present Perfect to say what has happened since the company was founded. Since 1930, the companies have operated as one. Since 1968, the company has opened ten subsidiaries in various parts of the world.
Use the Present Simple to say what the company produces, how many employees it has, what its annual turnover is, etc. Unilever is an Anglo-Dutch company which produces food products and detergents. It operates in over 70 countries and employs about 300000 people. It has a subsidiary, UAC international, which specializes in paper and plastics.
Use the Present Continuous to say what the company is planning at the moment. We are opening a subsidiary in Paris. The company is planning expansion into the automative sector.
Use the Future Simple to predict the company’s performance. According to our latest forecasts profits will increase by about 15% next year. Next year there will be a new plant in the UK and a plant in Boston, Massachusetts.
Montegna Ltd. (FOUND) ________ by Leonardo Montegna in 1952. Until 1955. the company (HAVE) ______ only a small factory in Verona. In 1956. a new plant (OPEN) _______ in Milan and the company (BEGIN) ________ manufacturing valves. In 1975. the Head Office (MOVE) _______ to Milan. In the next ten years sales offices (ESTABLISH) ________ in 48 different countries. Now the company (HAVE) _______ a turnover of $450m and (PRODUCE) _______ a range of over 400 products. The company (PLAN) _______ expansion into the automatic sector. Next year there (BE) ______________a new plant in the UK and a plant in Boston, Massachusetts.
P&S (BE) __________ a chain of department stores with branches in many cities in the UK. Each store (SELL) ________ a variety of goods from textiles to kitchen utensils to furniture. P&S (EMPLOY) _______ over 3000 people and (HAVE) _______ a turnover of over $75m. The firm (GROW) ________ rapidly and at present (RECRUIT) _______ more highly qualified personnel to run its new branch which (OPEN) _______ in Maidstone, Kent next month.
Form 1. Positive form I/you/we/they have/’ve finished the project. 2. Negative form 3. Interrogative form I/you/we/they Have I/you/we/they have not/haven’t finished…? finished… He/she/it has/’s finished the project. He/she/it has not/ hasn’t finished…. Has he/she/it finished the project?
1. To show an activity at some non-specific time in the past with an impact or results in the present: The government has increased taxes. (present results = taxes are now higher) We have employed two new workers. (present results = two more employees) As the activity here happened at a non-specific time in the past, no time markers are used.
2. To show an activity within a period of time which is not yet finished at the time of speaking: The quality of the product has improved this year (the year is not yet finished) John has changed three jobs this month. (the month is not yet finished) Time expressions used here include: this morning, this evening, this year, today …
3. To indicate an activity which started in the past and continues up to the present Mr. Davison has worked for our company for 14 years. (he started working 14 years ago and is still working here today) I have lived in Belgrade since 1988. (I started living here in 1988 and I am still living here today) Typical time markers here are: for , since
4. To give new information: Did you hear the news? Jim has found a new job! Do you know about Susan? She has got married! 5. To announce a recent happening: We have just signed a new contract. I have just finished work.
6. With a superlative: This is the most boring book I have ever read! This is the largest order we have ever received. 7. With the expressions such as This is the first time or It’s the first time: This is the first time we have done business with you so the payment should be in cash. It’s the first time I have had a job interview so I’m a bit nervous.
8. To talk about an activity between a short time ago and now: I haven’t seen John lately. Have you? We have recently changed over to Microsoft Windows 98. 9. With ever and never Have you ever been to America? We have never made such a profit!
Our sales (increase) ___________. She (work) __________ for our company for 15 years. Our profit (remain) _______ constant all this years. _______you _______(make) an appointment yet? We (not/see) _________ him since November.
1. I _________ (work) my homework right now. 2. I _______ (get up) at 8 o’clock and I ______ (go) to the supermarket and after that I ______ (catch) up a bus and _______ (come) at work around nine. 3. She ________ (wear) a nice T-shirt with blue jeans. 4. He ________ (think) that it is very good idea. 5. Where ______ you_______ (stay) for a weekend? 6. Why ________she ________ (wear) that stupid jacket. 7. My parents ________(be) good people. 8. ______ you ________ (like) this cake?
I _______ (buy) a car yesterday. I ________ (write) some letters when the phone _____(ring). He ________(leave) the office when he secretary ______(come) in.