hort2 floraldesign

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Information about hort2 floraldesign

Published on December 11, 2007

Author: Javier

Source: authorstream.com

Floral Design:  Floral Design Competencies 30.00-32.00 Types of Design Materials:  Types of Design Materials There are four basic types of design materials: Line flowers Mass flowers Form flowers Filler flowers Line Flowers:  Line Flowers Tall spikes of flowers with florets blooming along the stem Create the outline for an arrangement and establish the height and width as well as the curvilinear lines. Line Flowers-Examples:  Line Flowers-Examples Snapdragons Gladiolus Mass Flowers:  Mass Flowers Have the flower head on the terminal end of the stem Draw attention to the focal point and add mass and weight to the arrangement. Cover floral foam and help fill in empty areas with flowers Mass Flowers-Examples:  Mass Flowers-Examples Carnations Roses Chrysanthemums Form Flowers:  Form Flowers Unique in shape or color Create the accent or focal point or focal area of the arrangement to attract the viewer’s attention Form Flowers-Examples:  Form Flowers-Examples Bird of paradise Orchid Filler Flowers:  Filler Flowers Have small sprays of flowers or are like ferns Used to fill empty spaces and to accent the other floral materials within the arrangement Also used to cover or hide the mechanics of the arrangement including the frame, supports, ties, etc. Filler Flowers-Examples:  Filler Flowers-Examples Baby’s breath Statice Floral Design Shapes:  Floral Design Shapes Round:  Round Flower arrangement is basically round in shape Oval:  Oval Flowers make an oval shaped arrangement Fan:  Fan Flowers make a fan or semicircle shaped arrangement Triangle:  Triangle Shape may be an equilateral triangle with all three sides the same length or asymmetrical triangle with sides of different lengths. Right Angle:  Right Angle Flowers make an L shape Inverted-T:  Inverted-T The flowers make an upside down T Vertical:  Vertical Straight up, in a bud vase, tall vertically, narrow horizontally Horizontal:  Horizontal Long horizontal and short vertically Diagonal:  Diagonal Halfway between vertical and horizontal Crescent:  Crescent Shaped like a quarter moon Hogarth curve:  Hogarth curve Shaped like an S curve Design Principles:  Design Principles Balance:  Balance When the flower size and container flow together and complement each other Focal Point:  Focal Point Creates the accent and interest to catch the eye Proportion:  Proportion Keeps relative size, color and texture of the flowers to create a pleasing arrangement. Floral designs should be at least 1 ½ to 2 times the height or width of the container. Scale:  Scale The principle that the design must be in proportion to the surrounding area where it is placed. Accent:  Accent Used to catch attention and draw attention to the design Repetition:  Repetition Accentuates the flowers and colors by repeating their use throughout the design Rhythm:  Rhythm Creates a sense of continuity or flowing together Harmony:  Harmony When all parts flow together to give a completed look to the arrangment Unity:  Unity When the flowers complement each other through color, size, and shape Design Techniques:  Design Techniques Steps in Designing Arrangements:  Steps in Designing Arrangements Select a design shape Select appropriate container, cut floral foam and attach to container Set container and foam in water for 20 minutes Select fern or other filler and arrange in foam to cover foam and extend at least 1 ½ times the width of the container. Steps in Designing Arrangements:  Steps in Designing Arrangements Insert flower to make arrangement desired height Insert more flowers to make design outline and focal point Add other flowers as needed to make arrangement Arrange filler flowers such as baby’s breath to give a completed appearance

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