hollywood machine

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Information about hollywood machine
Entertainment

Published on June 26, 2007

Author: JJMiller

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  The Hollywood Machine Slide2:  Battle of World Views HOLLYWOOD AL QAIDA VS 1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism:  1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism What is the purpose of film? 1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism3. Art cinema: French New Wave Bergman Fellini:  1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism 3. Art cinema: French New Wave Bergman Fellini What is the purpose of film? 1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism3. Art cinema: French New Wave, Bergman4. “Spiritual” enhancement: Tarkovsky, Kieslowski :  1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism 3. Art cinema: French New Wave, Bergman 4. 'Spiritual' enhancement: Tarkovsky, Kieslowski What is the purpose of film? 1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism3. Art cinema: French New Wave, Bergman4. “Spiritual” enhancement: Tarkovsky, Kieslowski5. Entertain (Movies as products) Hollywood :  1. Social conformity: Soviet Socialist Realism German Heimat Cinema 2. Social criticism: Italian Neorealism British Social Realism 3. Art cinema: French New Wave, Bergman 4. 'Spiritual' enhancement: Tarkovsky, Kieslowski 5. Entertain (Movies as products) Hollywood What is the purpose of film? Reality “as it is” NaturalisticEmpirical / RationalSocial documentarySocial realism:  Reality 'as it is' Naturalistic Empirical / Rational Social documentary Social realism How can/should film depict reality? Reality “as it is” NaturalisticEmpirical / RationalSocial documentarySocial realism:  How can/should film depict reality? Reality as the symbolic representation of the 'spiritual' Noumenalist Idealist Romanticism Symbolism Mysticism Reality 'as it is' Naturalistic Empirical / Rational Social documentary Social realism Reality “as it ought to be” Soviet Socialist RealismNazi propaganda films German Heimat cinemaMTVHollywood :  Who controls cinema controls reality! Reality 'as it ought to be' Soviet Socialist Realism Nazi propaganda films German Heimat cinema MTV Hollywood Reality “as it ought to be” Soviet Socialist RealismNazi propaganda films German Heimat cinemaMTVHollywood Your identity & aestheticsare shaped largely byHollywood and the media !:  Who controls cinema controls reality! Reality 'as it ought to be' Soviet Socialist Realism Nazi propaganda films German Heimat cinema MTV Hollywood Your identity andamp; aesthetics are shaped largely by Hollywood and the media ! Jean Baudrillard (1929-):  Jean Baudrillard (1929-) America is a spectacle Hyper-reality An illusionary paradise TV is the world Advertising gives consumers illusion of freedom 'All is well' is the party line Illusion perpetuated by media andamp; culture The Myth of America Deconstruct any work of literature, and you will find a logocentric idealogy:Nazi propagandaAnti-capitalismFeminismNew Testament ChristianitySecular humanismAmerican hedonism & materialism:  All films and literature are propaganda! Deconstruct any work of literature, and you will find a logocentric idealogy: Nazi propaganda Anti-capitalism Feminism New Testament Christianity Secular humanism American hedonism andamp; materialism The great film auteurs of the 20th Century fought against two dominant forces which they believed threatened man’s humanity.They viewed both forces as dehumanizing byproducts of modernity:1. Government-regulated views of life2. Hollywood (commercial materialism) :  The role of the auteur The great film auteurs of the 20th Century fought against two dominant forces which they believed threatened man’s humanity. They viewed both forces as dehumanizing byproducts of modernity: 1. Government-regulated views of life 2. Hollywood (commercial materialism) Nazi & Heimat: New German CinemaFrench “Tradition of Quality” French New WaveFascism Italian NeorealismMyth of the British Empire British Social Realism Soviet Socialist Realism Czech New Wave Kadar Forman Lodz School Kieslowski Polanski Soviet Thaw Tarkovsky Paradjanov :  Great traditions are reactions to status quo Nazi andamp; Heimat: New German Cinema French 'Tradition of Quality' French New Wave Fascism Italian Neorealism Myth of the British Empire British Social Realism Soviet Socialist Realism Czech New Wave Kadar Forman Lodz School Kieslowski Polanski Soviet Thaw Tarkovsky Paradjanov Slide15:  The Power of Cinema 'Americans have turned every cinema in the world into the equivalent of an American consulate.' --UK government report Slide16:  The Hollywood Machine Production Distribution Megaplexes Video sales Video rentals Cable and pay-per view Merchandise Slide17:  The Hollywood Machine Titanic Harry Potter Star Wars Forest Gump Matrix Oceans 11 Meet the Parents $1.8 billion $1.0 billion 900 million 700 million 500 million 400 million 300 million Slide18:  The Hollywood Machine Titanic Harry Potter Star Wars Forest Gump Matrix Oceans 11 Meet the Parents Trainspotting Secrets andamp; Lies Run Lola Run Red No Man’s Land $1.8 billion $1.0 billion 900 million 700 million 500 million 400 million 300 million 80 million 20 million 7 million 4 million 1 million Slide19:  The Hollywood Machine AT Austria GR Greece BE Belgium IE Ireland DK Denmark IT Italy FR France LU Luxembourg FI Finland NL Netherlands DE Germany NO Norway SE Sweden PT Portugal CH Switzerland ES Spain CEE Central Europe andamp; Turkey UK United Kingdom Slide20:  The Hollywood Machine Slide21:  The Hollywood Machine US = 36,000 The Hollywood Aesthetic:  The Hollywood Aesthetic The aesthetic of pretense Studio system (manufactured films) Star-centric Formula approach to narrative Hero - Problem - Overcome- Happy Ending Shot-reverse-shot Camera followed the order of the text Alternate characters speaking Reactions to Hollywood:  Reactions to Hollywood 'The average Western film requires nothing from the viewer. Its narrative sets up a series of questions in order to preserve an air of suspense...'Will Lassie bring the insulin to the diabetic hunter with the broken leg before he dies?' Then it logically answers each question ...Thus the typical western film gives us what we want by telling us what we already know.' --Stuart Hancock Reactions to Hollywood:  Reactions to Hollywood 'Many worthless films are created which imitate American models.' --Krystrof Zanussi Reactions to Hollywood:  Reactions to Hollywood 'But the profound lack of spirituality of those people who see art and condemn it, the fact that they are neither willing nor ready to consider the meaning and aim of their existence in any higher sense is often masked by the vulgarly simplistic cry, ‘I don’t like it!’ ‘It’s boring!’ It is not a point that one can argue; but it is like the utterance of a man born blind who is being told about a rainbow. He simply remains deaf to the pain undergone by the artist in order to share with others the truth he has reached.' --Andrei Tarkovsky Impact of Hollywood:  Impact of Hollywood Worldwide dominance of the Hollywood machine: Production-distribution-TV 65-80% of films shown in Europe are US. US: 37,000 screens UK: 'Secrets andamp; Lies' -- 20 screens Transnational productions Emigration of directors and actors Commercial producers copy Hollywood Few auteurs took aesthetic stance against Hollywood mis en scene Death of national cinemas/identity?

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