HIV/AIDS: Where does nepal stand among the south asian countries?

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Information about HIV/AIDS: Where does nepal stand among the south asian countries?
Health & Medicine

Published on November 4, 2013

Author: abanstola

Source: slideshare.net

Public Health Perspective the first online public health newsletter of Nepal www.bmhall.yolasite.com/publications.php Vol. 1 Issue 11 Dec 2011 Editorial: HIV/AIDS: Where does Nepal stand among the South Asian Countries? Inside this issue: Guest Editorial 2 National News 3 Advertisements 4 Global Health 5 Journal Watch 6 WHO Publications 7 Being Healthy 8 Durban Declaration 9 Public Health Important Day (December) 1 December: World AIDS Day 3 December: International Day of Persons with Disabilities 10 December: Human Rights Day Pakistan: According to the UNAIDS 2009 factsheet, Pakistan had an estimated 98,000 people living with HIV in the year 2009. In the same year, 5800 deaths due to AIDS occurred and the prevalence rate among adults aged 15 to 49 was 0.1%. Afghanistan: The HIV prevalence in the general population was estimated to be below 0.5%, in the year 2008, according to the UNGASS report of Afghanistan. Similarly, there were 636 HIV positive cases and less than ten deaths reportedly, in the year 2009. Sri Lanka: The estimated number of people living with Every year on December 01, the world celebrates World AIDS Day. The theme for this year and for the next four years i.e., until 2015, World AIDS Days will have the theme of "Getting to zero: zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS related deaths". According to the World Bank, “south Asian countries are the home to between 2 and 3.5 million people living with HIV and AIDS. As a large and diverse region, South Asia has a complex, heterogeneous HIV epidemic, with considerable variation within and among countries”. In this context, I am trying to figure out where Nepal stands among the south Asian countries based on the current UNAIDS fact sheets and the recent report submitted by the south Asian countries to United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on HIV/ AIDS. I have chosen the variables viz. 1) the estimate of People Living with HIV (PLHIV), 2) the prevalence of HIV among adults aged 15 to 49, and 3) AIDS-related deaths, in order to understand the situation. With these three variables it provides an overview of the state of HIV/AIDS in Nepal. However, I recognize that these limited data variables, only allow a glimpse of the situation. HIV at the end of 2009 was 2,800 and the estimated HIV prevalence among adults (1549 years) was less than 0.1%, as stated by the UNAIDS fact sheet. The death due to AIDS was less than 200, until 2009. 4,700 deaths occurred due to AIDS in Nepal and the estimated prevalence rate among adult aged 15 to 49 was 0.4%. Bhutan: In Bhutan, the estimated number of people living with HIV was less than 1000 until the year 2009. Similarly, the estimated prevalence rate among adults aged 15 to 49 was 0.2% in the same year. According to the 2009 UNAIDS report, less than 100 deaths occurred due to AIDS in the country. Nepal: According to the UNAIDS 2009, Nepal had an estimated 64,000 PLHIV in the year 2009. In the same year, Bangladesh: The prevalence of HIV in Bangladesh is less than 0.1% in the general population according to the UNGASS Bangladesh report. Similarly, the total number of PLHIV was 6,300 at the end of 2009 with a total of 204 deaths due to AIDS. The HIV prevalence rate among the productive age group (adults aged 15 to 49) was less than 0.1% for the year 2009. India: According to UNAIDS fact sheet (2009), a total estimate of PLHIV was 2,400,000. In the same year, 170, 000 deaths occurred due to AIDS with 0.3 % prevalence of HIV among adults aged 15 to 49. Maldives: In Maldives, estimate number of PLHIV and deaths due to AIDS were less than 100, according to UNAIDS 2009 fact sheet. The fact sheet also shows less than 0.1 % prevalence rate among adults aged 15 to 49. In 2007, there were 14 people living with HIV and ten deaths. HIV and AIDS Strategy 2006 to 2011 and National Action Plan on HIV and AIDS 2008 to 2011 will also come to the end. Thus, it is time for conThe review of the data shows cerned authorities to evaluate that Nepal has the third highest those strategies and action expected number of PLHIV and plans and furnish the new the AIDS related deaths and the strategies and action plans highest adult (age 15 to 49) with the start of a new year prevalence rate among the 2012 for responding to this South Asian countries. Most of need and reality that Nepal HIV infection among the profaces relative to HIV. ductive age group is making the situation worst. This high preva- Until the next issue! lence rate may seriously affects the socio-economic condition of the country and predicts that the HIV cases are soaring soon. Without effective interventions, AIDS may be the leading cause of death in this age group in coming years. With a terminaAmrit Banstola tion of the year 2011, National

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