Hiv

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Information about Hiv
Education

Published on February 27, 2014

Author: mdalifurquan

Source: slideshare.net

Description

The general information about AIDS.

Introduction Aids was first identified in the early 1980s, but the first case of the disease may have occurred much earlier - in Africa in the late 1950s. Drug treatments and public education have curbed its spread in some parts of the world. In Africa, most people infected with HIV are unaware of the fact.

WHAT IS HIV??  “Human ImmunodefIcIency VIrus”  A unique type of virus (a retrovirus)  Threatening a global epidemic.  Preventable, manageable but not curable.

WHAT IS AIDS ???  “acquIred ImmunodefIcIency syndrome”  HIV is the virus that causes AIDS

Where does Aids come from? Most researchers believe humans acquired Aids from chimpanzees which sometimes carry a similar virus - by eating them or being bitten by them. A minority view holds that it was spread by a vaccine made from infected chimpanzee tissue.

Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission

THROUGH BODILY FLUIDS  Blood products  Semen  Vaginal fluids

INTRAVENOUS DRUG ABUSE Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV  Unsterilized blades

THROUGH SEX  Unprotected Intercourse • Oral • Anal

MOTHER-TO-BABY  Before Birth  During Birth

NATURAL CAUSE OF HIV/AIDS

STAGE 1 - PRIMARY  flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection  Mild symptoms  Infected person can infect other people

STAGE 2 - ASYMPTOMATIC  Lasts for an average of ten years  This stage is free from symptoms  There may be swollen glands  The level of HIV in the blood drops to low levels  HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood

STAGE 3 - SYMPTOMATIC The immune system deteriorates Opportunistic infections and cancers start to appear.

STAGE 4 - HIV  AIDS  The immune system weakens too much as CD4 cells decrease in number.

TESTING OPTION FOR HIV Blood Test Urine Test Oral Test

PRIMARY PREVENTION: FIVE WAYS TO PROTECT YOURSELF? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles New shaving/cutting blades

ABSTINENCE It is the most effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from unprotected sex: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use

MONOGAMOUS RELATIONSHIP A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected

PROTECTED SEX Use condoms every time you have sex Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex

WHEN USING A CONDOM REMEMBER TO:  Make sure the package is not expired  Make sure to check the package for damages  Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing  Never use the condom more than once  Use water-based rather than oilbased condoms

NEWLY INFECTED CASES OF HIV IN VARIOUS REGIONS Sub-Saharan Africa 18% South/South-East Asia 6% East Asia 5% Latin America Eurasia North Africa/Middle East 4% 2% Caribbean 1% North America 1% Western Europe <1% Oceania <1%

WHAT WE CAN DO??  We can reduce sexual transmission of HIV.  We can prevent mothers from dying and babies from becoming infected with HIV.  We can ensure that people living with HIV receive treatment.  We can prevent people living with HIV from dying of tuberculosis.  We can protect drug users from becoming infected with HIV.  We can remove punitive laws, policies, practices, stigma and discrimination that  block effective responses to AIDS.  We can stop violence against women and girls.  We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV.  We can enhance social protection for people affected by HIV.

LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS

Queries???

THANK YOU MD ALI FURQUAN

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