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HistoryHeritageArmy

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Published on December 27, 2007

Author: Gabrielle

Source: authorstream.com

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Introduction to the History and Heritage of the U.S. Army:  Introduction to the History and Heritage of the U.S. Army by CPT August Turner Murray Assistant Professor of Military Science University of New Hampshire Terminal Learning Objective:  Terminal Learning Objective Task: Gain familiarization with the U.S. Army Condition: Given a classroom presentation & handouts Standard: Demonstrate a basic understanding of the U.S. Army’s History and Heritage References:  References U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) http://www.army.mil/cmh The Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army (TIOH) http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil A Century of Service, by David W. Hogan, CMH http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/COS/index.htm U.S. Army Home Page http://www.army.mil Slide4:  The Army’s Birth A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed The Army Birthday 14 June 1775:  The Army Birthday 14 June 1775 Since its birth on 14 June 1775 - over a year before the Declaration of Independence-the United States Army has played a vital role in the growth and development of our nation. Soldiers have fought 10 wars, from the American Revolution through the Cold War, the Gulf War, to the current War on Terrorism. This Army’s Birthday is a recognition of our history, traditions, and service to the Nation. Click to play: The Army’s Components:  The Army’s Components The Army is composed of an active duty component, also known as the “Regular Army,” and the Reserve Components of the Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve First muster Salem, MA.Dec. 13, 1636 Formed by CongressApril 23, 1908 Slide7:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed The Army Flag and Its Streamers was originally prepared in August 1964 by the Office of the Chief of Military History, with the Office of the Chief of Information, and the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit, to provide general summaries of each of the campaigns. The 175 streamers attached to the Army Flag staff denote campaigns fought by the Army throughout our nation’s history.:  The Army Flag and Its Streamers was originally prepared in August 1964 by the Office of the Chief of Military History, with the Office of the Chief of Information, and the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit, to provide general summaries of each of the campaigns. The 175 streamers attached to the Army Flag staff denote campaigns fought by the Army throughout our nation’s history. A Brief History of Army Campaigns The Revolutionary War 1775-1781 Lexington, Massachusetts, April 19, 1775 :  The Revolutionary War 1775-1781 Lexington, Massachusetts, April 19, 1775 The Revolutionary War 1775-1781 Yorktown, 14 October 1781:  The Revolutionary War 1775-1781 Yorktown, 14 October 1781 The War of 1812 (1812-1815) Battle Of New Orleans, 1815:  The War of 1812 (1812-1815) Battle Of New Orleans, 1815 The Mexican War 1846-1847 Churubusco, Mexico:  The Mexican War 1846-1847 Churubusco, Mexico The Civil War, 1861-1865 First at Vicksburg:  The Civil War, 1861-1865 First at Vicksburg Indian Wars, 1790-1891 Cavalry Trooper:  Indian Wars, 1790-1891 Cavalry Trooper War with Spain, 1898 Gatlings to the Assault:  War with Spain, 1898 Gatlings to the Assault China Relief Expedition 1900 “I’ll Try Sir!”:  China Relief Expedition 1900 “I’ll Try Sir!” Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1913 Knocking Out the Moros:  Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1913 Knocking Out the Moros Mexican Expedition, 1916-1917 On the Border:  Mexican Expedition, 1916-1917 On the Border World War I, 1917-1918 Hellfighters Let’s Go!:  World War I, 1917-1918 Hellfighters Let’s Go! WW II, Asiatic-Pacific Theater, Dec. 1941-Sep. 1945 :  WW II, Asiatic-Pacific Theater, Dec. 1941-Sep. 1945 WW II, European-African-Middle Eastern Theater, June 1942-May 1945 :  WW II, European-African-Middle Eastern Theater, June 1942-May 1945 Korean War, June 1950-July 1953 Breakthrough at Chipyong-ni:  Korean War, June 1950-July 1953 Breakthrough at Chipyong-ni Vietnam, Mar. 1962-Jan. 1973 :  Vietnam, Mar. 1962-Jan. 1973 Armed Forces Expeditions Dominican Republic, April 1965-September 1966 Grenada, October-November 1983 Panama, December 1989-January 1990:  Armed Forces Expeditions Dominican Republic, April 1965-September 1966 Grenada, October-November 1983 Panama, December 1989-January 1990 Southwest Asia, 1990-1995 :  Southwest Asia, 1990-1995 Southwest Asia, 1990-1995 :  Southwest Asia, 1990-1995 Kosovo, March-June 1999 :  Kosovo, March-June 1999 The Global War on Terrorism:  The Global War on Terrorism Slide29:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed Department of the Army Emblem :  Department of the Army Emblem Background: Prior to the establishment of the Department of the Army Emblem, there was no official display item to identify the Army. The Army seal traditionally had been used to authenticate documents only and was not authorized for display. In recognizing the need to provide a display item, The Secretary of the Army approved the design as the official emblem to represent the Army on 29 January 1974. DA Emblem continued…:  DA Emblem continued… Symbolism: The symbolism for the elements of the Army emblem is the same as for the Army seal with the above deviations and additions: The colors of the design elements are those traditionally associated with the ideals of the U.S. and of the Army. The flags are in proper colors. Blue symbolizes loyalty, vigilance, perseverance & truth. Red denotes courage, zeal and fortitude. White alludes to deeds worth of remembrance. Black is indicative of determination and constancy. Gold represents achievement, dignity and honor. Slide32:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed U.S. Army Beret Flash :  U.S. Army Beret Flash Description: The Army flash is based on the National colors, white stars on a blue field, which were carried by the Continental Army through the Revolutionary War and present at the victory of Yorktown. According to historical references, the flags used by the Continental Army were "blue." The field flag of the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army was light blue with thirteen stars. Other flags of the same time period were dark blues with thirteen stars. U.S. Army Beret Flash continued…:  U.S. Army Beret Flash continued…    Symbolism: The blue background is symbolic of the union of the United States flag and the thirteen stars represent the original colonies.    Background: The beret flash was approved on 20 Nov 2000. Slide35:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed Slide36:  “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army The song was written by field artillery First Lieutenant [later Brigadier General] Edmund L. Gruber, while stationed in the Philippines in 1908 as the "Caisson Song."  The original lyrics reflect routine activities in a horse-drawn field artillery battery.  The song was transformed into a march by John Philip Sousa in 1917 and renamed "The Field Artillery Song.” It was adopted in 1952 as the official song of the Army and re-titled, "The Army Goes Rolling Along."  The "Army Goes Rolling Along" is played at the conclusion of every U.S. Army ceremony and all soldiers are expected to stand and sing. Slide37:  “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army Intro: March along, sing our song, with the Army of the free Count the brave, count the true, who have fought to victory We’re the Army and proud of our name We’re the Army and proudly proclaim Verse: First to fight for the right, And to build the Nation’s might, And The Army Goes Rolling Along Proud of all we have done, Fighting till the battle’s won, And the Army Goes Rolling Along. Refrain: Then it’s Hi! Hi! Hey! The Army’s on its way. Count off the cadence loud and strong (TWO! THREE!) For where e’er we go, You will always know That The Army Goes Rolling Along. cont… Slide38:  “The Army Goes Rolling Along” Official Song Of The U.S. Army Cont… Verse: Valley Forge, Custer’s ranks, San Juan Hill and Patton’s tanks, And the Army went rolling along Minute men, from the start, Always fighting from the heart, And the Army keeps rolling along. (refrain) Verse: Men in rags, men who froze, Still that Army met its foes, And the Army went rolling along. Faith in God, then we’re right, And we’ll fight with all our might, As the Army keeps rolling along. (refrain) Click to play: Slide39:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed Slide40:  Army Values Loyalty Duty Respect Self-less Service Honor Integrity Personal Courage Slide41:  The Army Birthday A Brief History of Campaigns Department of the Army Emblem The U.S. Army Beret Flash The Army Song The Army Values Soldiers Creed Slide42:  I am an American Soldier. I am a Warrior and a member of a team. I serve the people of the United States and live the Army Values. I will always place the mission first. I will never accept defeat. I will never quit. I will never leave a fallen comrade. I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills. I always maintain my arms, my equipment and myself. I am an expert and I am a professional. I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy the enemies of the United States of America in close combat. I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life. I am an American Soldier. Soldier’s Creed Slide43:  Questions?

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