Published on February 26, 2014
History of the United States Ivana Štípalová IV.E
Discovery of America • • • • The Vikings (1000) Christopher Columbus (1492) Amerigo Vespucci Spanish, Dutch, French and British colonization
Spanish, Dutch, French and British colonization • The Europeans conquired America (wealth, new possibilities) • Arrival of new civilization had enormous consequences ( environment, language, culture, religion, diseases) • Diversity of people • Silver, gold, potatoes, cacao, corn, tobacco
The columbian exchange
Slavery • Slaves became an important part of american economy • in the 17th to 19th centuries • 25% of people in America are slaves
Thirteen colonies • New England colonies ( Connecticut, New Hampshire) • Middle colonies (New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey) • Southern colonies (Maryland, Virginia, Georgia)
The Pilgrims • The Pilgrims – religion persecution, 1620 (Mayflower) • Squanto was native American who helped Pilgrims to survive the first winter in America, he was a member of Patuxet tribe. • Thanksgiving (The 4th Thursday in November 1621 )
Other historic facts • The French and Indian war (1754-1763) – beginning of American Independence • The war was expensive – increase of prices ( coffee, sugar, indigo... ) – American resistance (1765) • The tea act – Boston tea party (1773) • 1st Continental Congress (1774) • The American revolution (1776-1783) • Declaration of Independence (1776) – Jefferson • The Treaty of Paris (1783) - independence and freedom of the 13 colonies, America is free from England • George Washington became the first
• Civil War (1861-1865) - Many people in the north wanted to set Negroes free and abolish the slavery – abolitionists • Southern states defended the slavery and leave the Union. They formed the Confederacy, elected their president Jefferson Davis and started a war. • Lincoln abolished the slavery in 1863 • World War I – America lost over 118.000 soldiers • World War II
Thank you for your attention
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