History of the Israel-Palestine Conflict

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Published on January 7, 2009

Author: xtin918

Source: authorstream.com

Historical Background to the Palestine-Israel Conflict : 1 Historical Background to the Palestine-Israel Conflict Prepared for the Forum on the Palestine-Israel Conflict 09 May 2002 at the UP PCED Hostel By Rey Claro Casambre of the PHILIPPINE PEACE CENTER and the INTERNATONAL LEAGUE OF PEOPLES’ STRUGGLE Study Commission on Peace Introduction : 2 Introduction This paper aims to provide a brief historical background on the war currently raging in the Occupied Territories, especially at the West Bank, between the Palestinians and the Israelis The history of the Palestine-Israel conflict may be discussed in four periods : 3 The history of the Palestine-Israel conflict may be discussed in four periods From ancient times to the end of World War I The British Mandate of Palestine – 1917-1948 The establishment of the state of Israel and the Israel-Arab Wars (1948-1982) Peace talks and the First Intefada Ancient Times to the End of World War I : 4 Ancient Times to the End of World War I 1250 BC - Israelites conquer Canaan; King David, Solomon (965-928)and other Hebrew rulers 586BC -    Jews driven out by Assyrian conqueror Nebuchadnezzer Succession of Assyrian, Persian (539BC), Greek (333BC), Egyptian, Syrian, Roman Byzantine (63 BC), and Arab rulers from Damascus (661-750), Iraq (750-1258), and Cairo (969-1099, 1187-1516), and the Crusaders (1099-1187) . Palestine incorporated into the Ottoman Empire from 1516-1917 Zionism – the movement to establish a separate Jewish state in Palestine – was born in the end of the 19th century The Middle East in 1917 : 5 The Middle East in 1917 Middle East in 1917 Slide 6: 6 The British Mandate (1917-48) : 7 The British Mandate (1917-48) The Balfour Declaration of 1917 pledged Britain’s support for “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” and paid lip service to safeguarding the civil and political rights of the non-Jewish communities in Palestine Successive waves of migrations increased Jewish population in Palestine from less than 6% in 1903 to 31% in 1945 UN RESOLUTION 181 PAVES WAY TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ISRAEL IN PALESTINE : 8 UN RESOLUTION 181 PAVES WAY TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ISRAEL IN PALESTINE 29 Nov 1947 - UN Resolution 181 – partitioning Palestine into a Jewish state (56.5% of Palestine) and a Palestinian state (43%); rejected by the Palestinians and Arab states. 14 May 1948 - State of Israel proclaimed in Tel Aviv at 4:00 P.M. , recognized by US President Truman 15 May 1948 - British Mandate ends. Declaration of State of Israel comes into effect. Slide 9: 9 The Arab-Israeli Wars : 10 The Arab-Israeli Wars 1949 – First Arab-Israeli War 1956 – Suez Campaign (Oct 29-Nov 5) 1967 - Six-Day War (June 5-10) 1973 - October War (Yom Kippur) 1982 - Israeli invasion of Lebanon Slide 11: 11 Slide 12: 12 Slide 13: 13 Six-Day War 1967 June 5-10 Slide 14: 14 October 1973 War (Yom Kippur) Peace Talks and the Intefada : 15 Peace Talks and the Intefada ·         1978 Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt; Israel turns over Sinai to Egypt in exchange for recognition of right to exist ·         1987 - the outbreak of the first Palestinian intefada in December 1987 triggered by death of Palestinian youths run over by Israeli lorry (military personnel carrier) ·         1988 - Yasser Arafat's condemnation of terrorism and recognition of the state of Israel in December 1988. ·         1991 October - The Madrid peace conference Slide 16: 16 1992 - secret Israeli-Palestinian talks in Oslo, Norway 1993 Declaration of Principles (DoP), signed by Yasser Arafat and Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin:o        set up the Palestinian Authority, but o        failed to resolve the issues of : §         return of Palestinian refugees §         the status of Jerusalem §         Israeli settlements §         final Palestine-Israel borders 1994 – Arafat returned to Gaza Strip and West bank to head the Palestinian Authority However, Israelwielded full authority and control by frequently sealing off the Palestinian-governed areas from the rest of the Occupied Territories and from Israel. : 17 However, Israelwielded full authority and control by frequently sealing off the Palestinian-governed areas from the rest of the Occupied Territories and from Israel. Slide 18: 18 July 2000 – Camp David Summit called by US President Bill Clinton. After two weeks of intensive negotiation with Arafat and Barak, the talks end without a deal. Barak resigns shortly after and Ariel Sharon elected Prime Minister 27 September 2000- Second Intefada erupts

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