History of Physical Education

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Information about History of Physical Education

Published on April 24, 2008

Author: Paola

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Now and Then Slide2:  ▶ A wide variety of people have contributed to the development of physical education ▶ Developed over time, by adding a pieces by pieces ▶More on the history www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/history.html Slide3:  Johann Bernhard Basedow 1723-1790 ∗First to recognize the importance of exercise ∗Required a specific uniform for his students to allow unrestricted movement ∗Offered a camp for 2 months during the summer for the children ∗Was known as a difficult man to work with For More Information go to www.bookrags.com/Johann_Berhard_Basedow Slide4:  Charles Beck 1798-1866 ⋆Friend and follower of Jahn ⋆Was hired to teach Latin and Physical Education in the form of German gymnastics ⋆Became the first official Physical Education teacher in America Slide7:  Diocletian (Dio) Lewis 1823-1866 ♣ Did more to promote physical education than any other single individual ♣ Wanted the feeble, old, fat, frail and women to have a system they could use ♣ Opened the Normal Institute of Physical Education in Boston ♣ Invented bean bags and wooden dumbells ♣ Also used music to enhance his exercises For More Information go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletian_Lewis Slide8:  Dudley Allen Sargent 1840-1924 ☺ Invented over 80 machines, using pulleys & weights ☺ Contributed to anthropometric measurements - He took these measurements and compared them with standards at a given age, whereupon a series of prescribed exercises was given to meet the demands of each particular case Slide12:  ◉ 1820s Some American schools integrated P.E. into their curriculum ◉ After the Civil War, many states required that schools teach physical education ◉ For the first time, specialized training was offered for physical education instructors ◉ In another first, colleges offered intercollegiate sports such as rowing, football, and track and field ◉ The Olympic Games were restored in 1896, after a 1,400-year interlude Slide13:  Old PE Looks Like This New PE Looks Like This Slide14:  - Should Include the Following Three Things ⊛ Opportunities for students to learn (time, equipment) ⊛ Meaningful Content (variety, understanding) ⊛ Appropriate Instruction (inclusion, practice, assessment) Importance at each level: www.aahperd.org/naspe/pdf_files/pos_paper/pe_critical.pdf Slide15:  The purpose of physical education is for all students ♦ To learn and develop fundamental movement skills ♦ To become physically fit to participate regularly in physical activity ♦ To know the implications of and the benefits from involvement in physical activities ♦ To appreciate the value of physical activity and its contributions to a healthy lifestyle Slide17:  Why is Physical Education So Important? Here's Why ... ☼ Reduced Risk of Heart Failure ☼Improved Physical Fitness ☼ Weight Reduction ☼ Good Health Promotion ☼ Self Discipline ☼ Skill Development ☼ Improved Self - Confidence ☼ Stress Reduction ☼ Increase Their Love of School and ☼ ☼ Performance in Academics ☼ Development of Lifetime Skills and Activities Slide19:  Physical fitness is not only one of the most important keys to a healthy body, it is the basis of dynamic and creative intellectual activity. The relationship between the soundness of the body and the activities of the mind is subtle and complex. Much is not yet understood. But we do know what the Greeks knew: that intelligence and skill can only function at the peak of their capacity when the body is healthy and strong." - President John Fitzgerald Kennedy Slide20:  www.pittschools.org/aes/hist/history.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_Education http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdeassess/documents/standards/physed.htm http://www.faqs.org/health/topics/2/Physicall-Education.html http://www.mikespe.com/physed_june_2004.html http://images.google.com

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