History of Manga and Anime

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Information about History of Manga and Anime

Published on February 28, 2014

Author: paultopinio

Source: slideshare.net


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Manga ( まんが ) - Japanese word for comics Artistic storytelling style Comics in Japan praised as art for all Different styles but common traits - large eyes, out of proportion body, physical emotion (drop of sweat on forehead)


Yōji ( 幼児向け漫画 )  manga for people aged 1–4

Kodomo (or Jidō) manga ( 児童漫画、子ども漫画 )  manga that appeals to many small children.

Shōnen ( 少年漫 画)  A boy is usually the main character in these types of manga.  storyline is mostly about adventure/fighting.

Shōjo( 少女漫画 )  Manga that features human emotions and relationships.  Mostly for girls aged 13–17.

Seinen ( 青年漫 画)  the word Seinen means "young man" or "young men"  generally targeted at a 15–24 year old male audience

Seijin manga ( 成人漫画 )  for “adults only” manga

Josei manga ( 女性漫 画)  also known as "ladies comics"  a type of manga created mostly by women for late teenage and adult female audiences  readers range from 15 to 44

Shōnen-ai ( 少年愛 )  is a Japanese terminology literally translated into "shonen" = boy and "ai" which means love.  manga that features a romantic relationship between two male characters.

Shōjo-ai ( 少女愛 )  manga that features a romantic relationship between two female characters.  another name Yuri( 百合 )

 Manga first started appearing during the 10th century in Japan, where it was just simple drawings.  During the 1600’s, these drawing became known as Edo.

Edo Drawing


Anime ( アニメーショ ン)  an art form, specifically animation, that includes all genres found in cinema, but it can be mistakenly classified as a genre  Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastic themes.  the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese, where this term references all animation, but in other languages, the term is defined as animation

How does Anime began?

 Anime arose in the early 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques also pioneered in France, Germany, the United States and Russia.  A claim for the earliest Japanese animation is Katsudō Shashin, an undated and private work by an unknown creator

In 1917, the first professional and publicly displayed works began to appear. Namakura Gatana -the oldest surviving film -a two-minute clip of a samurai trying to test a new sword on his target only to suffer defeat

The success of The Walt Disney Company's 1937 feature film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs profoundly influenced many Japanese animators.  Divine Sea Warrior -first feature length animated film -directed by Seo in 1944 with sponsorship by the Imperial Japanese Navy.

 In the 1960s, manga artists adapted and simplified many Disney animation techniques to reduce costs and to limit the number of frames in productions.  Otogi Calendar Three Tales -the first anime television series, aired from 1961 on aired in 1960, was the first anime shown to television 1964.

The 1970s saw a surge of growth in the popularity of manga, Japanese comic booksOsamu Tezuka  and graphic novels, many of which were later animated  is known as the “Father of Manga and Anime”. he is best known as the creator of Astro Boy, Kimba the White Lion, and Black Jack.

Also in the ’70s, the first Mechastyled anime became popular; Mobile Suit Gundam. “Mecha" -giant robot genre (known outside Japan)

In the 1980s, anime became more accepted in the mainstream in Japan (although less than manga), and experienced a boom in production. During the ’80s, many animes became popular. Some were Ranma ½, Urasei Yatsura, and Dragon Ball.

 In 1990’s anime gained increased acceptance in markets.  During the ’90s, Sailor Moon, Pokemon, and Neon Genesis Evangelion became extremely popular, both in Japan and the US.

 21st Century: Anime continue to conquer the world.

 During the ’00s (of 2000), some popular animes are Yu-Gi-Oh, Naruto, and Bleach.

 Spirited Away -In 2002, won the Golden Bear at the Berlin International Film Festival - In 2003, at the 75th Academy Awards it won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.

 present day, some of the popular Anime’s are One Piece, Hunter X Hunter and Fairy Tail

T H A N K S!

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