Published on April 5, 2009
History of Chiropractic : History of Chiropractic I: ORIGINS OF CHIROPRACTIC : The roots of chiropractic care can be traced all the way back to the beginning of recorded time. I: ORIGINS OF CHIROPRACTIC Slide 3: Works from China and Greece written in 2700 B.C. and 1500 B.C. mention spinal manipulation and the maneuvering of the lower extremities to ease low back pain. Hippocrates, the Greek physician, who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also published texts detailing the importance of chiropractic care. In one of his writings he declares… : Hippocrates, the Greek physician, who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also published texts detailing the importance of chiropractic care. In one of his writings he declares… “It is necessary to possess extensive knowledge of the spine, because many ailments are in reality caused by its GEBREKKIGHEID.” : “It is necessary to possess extensive knowledge of the spine, because many ailments are in reality caused by its GEBREKKIGHEID.” Hippocrates In the United States, the practice of spinal manipulation began gaining momentum in the late nineteenth century. : In the United States, the practice of spinal manipulation began gaining momentum in the late nineteenth century. A movement attributed to Daniel David Palmer and Bartlett Joshua Palmer. II: Founders of Chiropractic – The Palmer Family : II: Founders of Chiropractic – The Palmer Family Slide 8: From left to right: B.J., D.D., Jessie, May and Villa The Palmer Family Slide 9: The first recorded chiropractic adjustment was performed on September 18, 1895, by Dr. Daniel David Palmer, a Canadian-born teacher and healer. Slide 10: His first adjustment corrected a misalignment in the spine of a nearly deaf patient, who then regained hearing. Palmer was well read in medical journals of his time and had great knowledge of the developments that were occurring throughout the world regarding anatomy and physiology. Slide 11: In 1895, soon after the success of the first adjustment, and intent on curing diseases, Daniel David Palmer founded chiropractic. Slide 12: In 1897, Daniel David Palmer went on to begin the Palmer School of Chiropractic, which has continued to be one of the most prominent chiropractic colleges in the nation. Slide 13: The First Palmer School, circa 1907 Slide 14: D.D. Palmer in the Classroom, circa 1904 Slide 15: B.J. Palmer D.D Palmer (Father of Chiropractic) Mabel Palmer (Mother of Chiropractic) First graduating class of the Palmer School of Chiropractic Slide 16: III: EXPANSION OF CHIROPRACTIC Barlett Joshua (B.J.) Palmer followed in his father’s footsteps and launched Chiropractic into the 20th century. Slide 17: A 1903 Postcard from B.J. in Davenport to D.D. in Santa Barbara Slide 18: B.J. Palmer (1882-1961) delivering lectures in the lecture hall of the Palmer School of Chiropractic Slide 19: The expansion of chiropractic was both speedy and impressive. Slide 20: Exterior view of the Carver-Denny School of Chiropractic, circa 1910 New schools, treatment centers and lectures emerged Slide 21: Universal Chiropractic College New schools, treatment centers and lectures emerged National College of Chiropractic Lincoln Chiropractic College Slide 22: Lecture at the Washington School of Chiropractic Slide 23: First Chiropractic School, Canada Slide 24: An adjusting class at Universal Chiropractic College, circa 1912 Slide 25: A classroom scene from the Eastern Chiropractic Institute, circa 1930 Slide 26: The Largest Chiropractic Hospital, circa 1950 Slide 27: More than 16,500 chiropractic supporters attended a rally held by the American Bureau of Chiropractic in Madison Square Garden on January 23, 1932. Slide 28: Establishment of the European Chiropractors' Union Slide 29: "Perfect Back" and "Posture Queen" contests made for good p.r.. The contestants' spines were often x-rayed. Slide 30: The Palmer School of Chiropractic ‘s Osteological collection was acknowledged by The Council on Medical Education in 1927 to be, "without doubt, the best collection of human spines in existence." Slide 31: The Old Brookville Long Island campus of New York Chiropractic College, circa 1974 Slide 32: In 1991 Her Royal Highness Princess Diana agreed to become the Patron of the Anglo-European College of Chiropractic Slide 33: Chiropractic Centennial Foundation Constituency Meeting, September 18, 1993, Davenport, Iowa. Meeting to plan the celebration of the 100th anniversary of Chiropractic Slide 34: I V: CHIROPRACTIC ADJUSTMENTS & TECHNIQUES Slide 35: Chiropractic doctors devote careful attention to the biomechanics, structure and function of the spine, its effects on the musculoskeletal and neurological systems, and the role played by the proper function of these systems in the preservation and restoration of health. Slide 36: Early Chiropractic technique demonstrated by B.J. Palmer Slide 37: Smith's Spinal Locometer was used as early at 1906 to help the chiropractor locate positions on the spine when palpating. Slide 38: (Left) The Master's Spinalyzer, manufactured by the Llyod Table Company, is an example of a postural analysis device still in use today. (Right) the Gravity Stress Analyzer (GSA) is an automatic recording plumbline posturometer. Slide 39: 14" X 36" full spine films illustrating before and after chiropractic care. Slide 40: Depiction of 8" x 36" - one film with two exposures, produced by Ray Richardson in 1930 Slide 41: An upright x-ray of the spine taken at the B.J. Palmer Clinic in 1947 Slide 42: Upright spinal filming during the late 1940s at the B.J. Palmer Clinic. Slide 43: B. J. Palmer demonstrating the Hole-In-One technique. Slide 44: An early Hy-Lo table in use in a chiropractor's office. Slide 45: V: CHIROPRACTIC PROMOTION & EDUCATION Slide 46: What distinguishes chiropractic from other studies of medicine is its gravity toward a holistic “total person” approach to healing which combines elements of the mind, body and spirit and maintains that health depends on obedience of natural laws. Slide 47: Chiropractic Promotion & Education Slide 48: Doctors of chiropractic have become pioneers in the field of non-invasive care promoting science-based approaches to a variety of ailments. Slide 49: A recurring theme among early Chiropractor publications – The Drugless Way Slide 50: An advertisement featuring Solon Massey Langworthy, circa 1906 Slide 51: This chiropractor's card distributed in the 1920's advertised "No drugs, no knife." Slide 52: A Doctor of chiropractic is one who is involved in the treatment and prevention of disease, as well as the promotion of public health, and a wellness approach to patient healthcare. Slide 53: These pamphlets were used by some chiropractors during the 1930s to educate the public about the benefits of chiropractic. Slide 54: Patient education tools like this colorful spine mounted in a light box were designed to demonstrate what the chiropractor would do. Slide 55: Fleet's Spinal Demonstrator enables the chiropractor to reproduce the patient's spinal distortion, helping the patient understand the spinal condition. Slide 56: The Adjustment, a skillful and witty parody of a Norman Rockwell illustration Slide 57: In this 1993 cartoon by Jimmy Margulies, President Clinton is prescribing chiropractic care for an overburdened "Uncle Sam." Slide 58: An idealized recreation of a chiropractor making a house call titled, In Good Hands by Chester Paciorek. Slide 59: A century of continued growth and successful treatments has led to a wider recognition and increased respect for chiropractic. Dedicated professionals help and heal people all over the world into the 21st century. Slide 60: This poster, created for the Chiropractic Centennial Foundation in 1992, conveys the mood of celebration within the chiropractic profession as it approached its one-hundredth anniversary.