Published on May 8, 2014
JAMI MASJID - JaunpurHistory Of Architecture
JAMA MASJID - JAUNPUR • Jama Masjid or Jama Mosque or Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid is a 15th-century mosque in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the chief tourist attractions in Jaunpur. • The Jama Masjid, Jaunpur was built in 1470, under the last ruler of the Sharqi dynasty, Hussain Shah
PLAN • Its plan, similar to previous Sharqi mosques, consists of a long rectangular prayer hall occupying the western side of a colonnaded courtyard.
PLINTH LEVEL • The magnificent appearance of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur is heightened by a number of factors. The entire structure of Jami Masjid, Jaunpur stands on a plinth that is six meters high.
PRAYER HALL • The prayer hall is centred around a square sanctuary, covered by a dome that measures 11.4 meters in diameter. Windows pierced into the dome's drum illuminate the interior.
COURTYARD • The courtyard is a square of 210' side. • Surrounded by cloisters on three sides and sanctuary on the west.
CLOISTERS • Cloisters are two storeys high. • They are two aisles in width as opposed to the more spacious 5 aisles in Atala Masjid. • In the centre of each cloister is an entrance hall covered by a dome.
• In the centre of the sanctuary facade is a pylon 85' high and 77' wide at the base. • On both sides of the nave are pillared side aisles with an upper storey. This has its openings filled in with stone Jalis to provide a private area for the royal ladies. • Beyond the side aisles on both sides are two great vaulted halls, each 50' long, 40' wide and 45' high.
• The interior of these halls have 3 mihrabs each on the western wall, opposite which are the archways which open into the courtyard. • To achieve such a large column less space, the builders first threw across the 40' space a framework of two transverse ribs at wide intervals in the middle and two wall ribs or 'formerets' at each end. • Such a large column less space is a rare occurrence in Indian architecture.
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