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Information about history

Published on May 2, 2008

Author: FunnyGuy

Source: authorstream.com

40 Years of Partners:  40 Years of Partners 1965 - 2005 In 1955…:  In 1955… President Eisenhower was interested in exploring the possibilities of developing closer ties between the Central and South American countries and the United States. He sent his brother, Milton, to make the first visit to the continent for this purpose. In 1955…:  In 1955… “There is absolutely no doubt in my mind that revolution is inevitable in Latin America. The only question is whether it will be peaceful or violent.” -- Milton Eisenhower In 1962…The Early Years:  In 1962…The Early Years President John F. Kennedy launches the Alliance for Progress – a program of governmental cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. In 1963…The Early Years:  In 1963…The Early Years Kennedy directs his staff to find ways to include private citizens in a “people-to-people” program as part of the Alliance for Progress. At right: Kennedy meeting with the first group of Peace Corps volunteers. In 1963…The Early Years:  In 1963…The Early Years “The idea was to build unique bilateral partnerships between sections of the U.S. and sections of Latin America and the Caribbean. Through these partnerships, volunteer committees on both sides would work together on self-help projects in community and economic development while fostering inter-American friendship and understanding. In 1964…The Early Years:  In 1964…The Early Years “The ensuing years were marked by feverish activity, as the small staff of five fanned out across the hemisphere to find citizens and citizen groups – farm cooperatives, hospital associations, universities, and others – willing to play an active role in the partnerships.” At right: James Boren, Deputy Director of the USAID mission in Peru, was selected to head the program. In 1964…The Early Years:  In 1964…The Early Years Governor John Reynolds and Nicaragua President Schick inaugurated the program. Governor Reynolds asked William Thomas, General Manager of Wisconsin Electric Cooperatives, to create a committee to visit Nicaragua. In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector The “development team” from Nicaragua visits Wisconsin. At right: Father Urban, Wisconsin; Dr. Jorge Icazan, Nicaragua; Ing. Miguel Ernesto, Nicaragua; Robert Ewens, Wisconsin; Dr. Sevilla Sacasa, Ambassador to Nicaragua; Ing. Alfonso Callejar, Nicaragua; Dr. Jose Canton, Nicaragua; Ing. Mike Ramirez, Nicaragua (not pictured). In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector November 18 – 27: Each member of the delegation from Wisconsin to Nicaragua represented areas in which Nicaragua had expressed interest. Philip Falk, Education Wilbur Renk, Agriculture Walter Brovald, Press Dr. Henry Peters, Medicine Robert Ewens, Industry William Thomas, Wisconsin Cooperatives Walter Meives, UW Communications In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector Commonalities shared by Wisconsin and Nicaragua Economies are heavily dependent upon agriculture. Each takes in approximately 57,000 square miles. Each have extensive coastline and large inland lake. Each possess valuable forest land. In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector Challenges to a full partnership Nicaragua does not share in the general prosperity of both its government and its citizens. Nicaragua has nothing like our interlacing network of hard surfaced roads. Nicaragua does has nothing like our handsome public building, parks, pools, and playgrounds. Nicaragua has nothing like our stretches of line that deliver finger-tip electric and telephone services. Nicaragua does not have the books, buildings, and teachers to turn on the light of knowledge for its people. In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector “Nicaragua is straining to throw off the weights of the unproductive past that have been pinned to it in a not very recent yesterday… “The people we met and talked with don’t want charity. But they do welcome the encouragement and support of those who will help them to develop the future to which they look forward to so confidently… They recognize that they cannot do this without help and counsel, and they have turned to Wisconsin, in dignity and hopefulness, to ask for this assistance.” -- Bill Thomas In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector Wisconsin and Nicaragua join twenty other partnerships as charter members of the Partners of the Alliance and receive their 501©3 status as a non-profit, non-governmental agency. “If we carry no share of another’s burden, we may still be weighted with a crushing load. If we step not aside to give a firmer foothold to a fallen brother, we fetter our own feed.” -- Bill Thomas In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector “The Partners Program is to help Nicaraguans to promote a peaceful revolution by helping them to improve the health, sanitation, education, housing, and economic status of their under-privileged masses.” Source: Wisconsin/Nicaragua Partners of the Alliance In 1965…Private Sector:  In 1965…Private Sector Bill Thomas accepts the presidency of the Wisconsin/Nicaragua partnership (1965 – 1967). “It is my opinion that we would not now be fighting a war in Vietnam had we started there many years ago with the kind of program now getting under way in Latin America.” -- Bill Thomas In 1967…Private Sector:  In 1967…Private Sector Mildred Vernosh, a nurse, anesthetist, and hospital administrator from Green Bay, volunteers to spend a year in Puerto Cabezas. Dr. Ned Wallace begins a tenure of eight years at Grey Memorial Hospital in Puerto Cabezas linking their Preceptor Program with the UW medical school. The Preceptor Program brings in medical students for two to three months. Ten senior students worked in Mosquito Indian villages supervised by a radio link with several Nicaraguan and Moravian hospitals. New President: Lester Rodgers, Madison (1967 – 1969). In 1967…Private Sector:  In 1967…Private Sector Ned Wallace confirms that an operating table, anesthesia machine, and accessories were received at the Gray Moravian Mission Hospital. In 1968…The Growing Years:  In 1968…The Growing Years The first POA International Convention is held in Rio de Janiero. Emphasis is on gathering medical equipment. The UW School of Agriculture begins outreach to Nicaragua. Exchange begins with children needing surgery. In 1969…The Growing Years:  In 1969…The Growing Years Dr. Henry Peters of Madison assumes the role of president (1969 – 1981). Thirty-one existing partnerships of the Alliance carry out $3.1M worth of projects. The Wisconsin and Nicaraguan Garden Clubs exchange information. Mr. V.S. Falk and wife spend the month of February on the east coast of Nicaragua. He observed that machete wounds, anemia, and malnutrition were very common and that life expectancy was only fifty years. In 1969…The Growing Years:  In 1969…The Growing Years Malcolm Grear, Providence, RI, designs the logo which becomes the official symbol of the Partners program. The Partners of the Americas symbol is a visual expression of true partnership, multiplied by the thousands of people in the U.S. and in Latin America who are bringing the concept of partnership to life. It represents the two-way exchange that is the hallmark of the Partners program. It emphasizes the inherent equality in a partnership, with no one partner dominant. At the same time, the Partners symbol recognizes the individuality and independence of each partner, just as the participating people, states, and countries are unique, yet all are bound together in a common goal – building a better life for the people of our hemisphere. The 1970s…The Growing Years:  The 1970s…The Growing Years The Partners of the Alliance becomes the National Association of Partners of the Americas (NAPA). Support from USAID keeps the association alive. Shipments of twenty tons of beds, mattresses, and medical and dental supplies were donated by hospitals in Fond du Lac, Fort Atkinson, and Waupun. Value at $12,500, they were sent to Gray Moravian Mission Hospital. The 1970s…The Growing Years:  The 1970s…The Growing Years A devastating hurricane struck the Atlantic coast in early 1972. The destruction of many small communities led to a large relief effort and the creation of a new city called “Wisconsin.” The community of Bismona was completely reconstructed with money received from Wisconsin. The 1970s…The Growing Years:  The 1970s…The Growing Years A devastating earthquake struck Managua on December 23, 1972. The focus of the program rapidly shifted from those deprived areas of the country to the city of Managua itself. Nicaragua was becoming a household word, particularly amongst children and others who made fundraising efforts. The next years concentrated on relief efforts. In 1973…The Growing Years:  In 1973…The Growing Years The U.S. Air Force Reserve transport departs Mitchell Field, Milwaukee, with 13,000 pounds of fire fighting equipment for Managua, a small portion of the Wisconsin relief efforts. The UW School of Nursing helps to rebuild the National School of Nursing in Nicaragua. In 1973…The Growing Years:  In 1973…The Growing Years W/NP receives a grant of $25,000 from the Lilly Endowment of Indianapolis, Indiana. The first W/NP newsletter is published. UW Madison President John Weaver and his wife Roberta visit Nicaragua, with very complimentary words for the work of the partnership. He stated that this is a real value to the university. In 1973…The Growing Years:  In 1973…The Growing Years “The earthquake destroyed almost 75% of the schools in Managua. General Somoza told his Minister of Education that he wanted all the children back in school in six months, and the Minister of Education said to me with pride, ‘We did it in four.’ This included a three shift arrangement around the clock in every kind of structure.” -- Dr. Weaver In 1973…The Growing Years:  In 1973…The Growing Years Under the leadership of Governor Patrick Lucy, $250,000 and many donations of food and equipment are sent. These funds, doubled by USAID, result in the creation of a 1000 student school in Managua named “Wisconsin” to match the Falk School in Rivas. Governor Patrick Lucy and his wife Jean visit Nicaragua. At right: Governor Lucy walking in Bluefields with Dr. Canton. In 1974…The Growing Years:  In 1974…The Growing Years The first city to city relationship is formed between Fort Atkinson and Puerto Cabezas under the guidance of Hugh Highsmith. Seventy-two members of W/NP attend the first Annual Meeting, a two day affair including a dinner banquet on a Thursday evening, workshops on health education and the Partner Cities, and a Friday seminar on specific Partners projects. Governor Lucy makes a proclamation on April 02 extending an invitation to all citizens of Wisconsin and Nicaragua to salute the inter-American friendship. In 1974…The Growing Years:  In 1974…The Growing Years “A partnership like this can never die. We may pass away, but the desires of President Kennedy, of having a program that would go from the hearts of the people of the U.S. to the people of Latin America and back will never die.” -- Dr. Jose Antonio Canton In 1975…The Growing Years:  In 1975…The Growing Years Janesville and Leon are the eighth city to be paired under Partners of the Americas. An institutional linkage is completed between the Wisconsin Technical Schools, Instituto Politecnico de Nicaragua, and Partners of the Americas. Faculty and student exchanges will take place. In 1977…The Growing Years:  In 1977…The Growing Years The Wisconsin Extension Homemakers Council send seventy boxes of sewing materials and seeds as well as $2160 for the purchase of treadle sewing machines. The project focuses on women and their families living in remote villages. The Nicaraguan women raised part of the money for the sewing machines. Dr. Canton meets with Governor Martin Schreiber who promises continued state support for W/NP. The state of Wisconsin is recognized in Nicaragua as being the third largest relief agency in the U.S. for their earthquake relief efforts. In 1977…The Growing Years:  In 1977…The Growing Years Two grants totaling $375,000 are received by W/NP for projects in rural health and educational radio. Dr. Ned Wallace is the project director. The regional educational radio project will develop a low-cost, small-scale radio system with programming on good nutrition, food production, and health education. It will rely on input and response from the communities being served. The rural health services grant supports a regional health program and training of health leaders, midwives, and nutrition leaders and covers 35 villages with a population of 35,000 in the Puerto Cabezas area. In 1978…The Tension Years:  In 1978…The Tension Years In response to news of political turmoil, W/NP votes to send a message of continued cooperation to Nicaragua. Art and Ellen Maurer prepare a manual, “Raising Chickens in Eastern Nicaragua,” written in English, Spanish, and Mosquito. Hartford and Matagalpa form a new city partnership. USAID approves PVO status for W/NP. The Episcopal Diocese of Milwaukee forms a partnership linking Episcopal churches in Wisconsin and Nicaragua. In 1979…The Tension Years:  In 1979…The Tension Years Ardith McDowell chairs the Annual Meeting. Total attendance is over 100 while the board reaches 25 members. Dr. Ned Wallace, a speaker at the Annual Meeting, quotes a Chinese proverb that expresses the ideal approach to a relationship between developed and developing nations. “Go to the people. Live among them. Love them. Learn from them about themselves. Find out what they recognize to be their problems, and Help them to use their own resources to correct these problems.” In 1979…The Tension Years:  In 1979…The Tension Years “Times in Nicaragua have never been harder nor the work of W/NP more critical. Medicine and other basic supplies are scarce to non-existent. And a lot of know-how to address dire needs has been lost in a recent revolution.” In 1981…The Tension Years:  In 1981…The Tension Years Dr. John Ellery, Stevens Point, becomes president of W/NP (1981 – 1982). Bill Thousand and Mike Colby are working on the development of a B-1000 pump to be used on the Atlantic coast. The PATH project begins in Nicaragua with Dr. John Melvin and Don and Kayleen Brereton working with Dr. Justo Pastor Zamora, the president of the Nicaraguan Rehabilitation Society. The first sewing center is formed in rural Los Cedros through the efforts of Ellen Maurer and Dona Angelica Pavon. In 1982…The Tension Years:  In 1982…The Tension Years The Sewing School at Los Cedros begins but without sewing machines. W/NP starts them with three electric machines and they begin to grow. Dr. Arthur Maurer, Madison, assumes the W/NP presidency (1982 – 1983). At right: Dr. Jose Canton, Dona Angelica Pavon, Nini Lopez, and members of the community. In 1983…The Tension Years:  In 1983…The Tension Years Dr. Art Angove, Dr. Willard Duff, and Bob Barnes embark on a ten day medical survey of Nicaragua. Revitalizing the Partner Cities becomes an immediate goal. Peter Thornquist is hired as Executive Director and moves the operations base to Monroe Street in Madison. Dr. Wayne Wolfe, River Falls, assumes the W/NP presidency (1983 – 1984). A food drying project is begun by acclaimed expert Mary Bell. In 1983…The Tension Years:  In 1983…The Tension Years A nine member ballet folklorico group from Matagalpa visits the state. In addition, they help publicize the renewal of the Janesville/Leon Partners, dance for the quarterly Waukesha/Granada Partners meeting, inaugurate the W/NP Nicaraguan Archeology exhibit at the Milwaukee museum, and dance on the Capitol Square in Madison. In 1983…The Tension Years:  In 1983…The Tension Years W/NP holds a two day retreat at Holy Hill. General sessions, discussion groups, and workshops tackle issues like fundraising, membership expansion, project improvement, and directions for the future. Sunday morning sees general meetings on priorities and an annual plan, followed by a mass celebrated for Nicaragua. In 1983…The Tension Years:  In 1983…The Tension Years Medical shipments continue via Costa Rica with the help of Brother Regis Fust. Six B-1000 pumps now operate in Pearl Lagoon, providing the first potable water for the village. Thirty-six more are shipped to the Atlantic coast. 5500 baby chicks arrive via plane in Matagalpa, part of an agriculture project of the Hartford/Matagalpa Partners. Tony Jilek and Steve Johnson teach a two week advanced seminar to faculty of the National Autonomous University. In 1984…The Tension Years:  In 1984…The Tension Years Betty Bone becomes the new W/NP president (1984 – 1986), while N/WC President Bayardo Garcia visits seven Wisconsin cities to drum up support for the Partner Cities. The Board of Directors approves an operating philosophy, remaining committed to Nicaragua regardless of any political situation. In 1984…The Tension Years:  In 1984…The Tension Years Racine and Bluefields renew ties. Governor Lucy returns to Nicaragua with Representative Tom Loftus and eleven labor, religious, and business leaders. The Kiwanis Club of Racine makes a contribution of $5000 to construct a school building in Bluefields. Tony Jilek, UW River Falls professor, is awarded a Fellowship in International Development by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. In 1992…:  In 1992… Sherin Bowen assumes the role of W/NP Executive Director. In 1993…:  In 1993… Healing the Children begins its first medical mission to Nicaragua in February. The primary goal of the mission is to perform surgeries and to identify children with needs for surgeries not available in Nicaragua. In 1994…:  In 1994… Healing the Children embarks on another mission to Nicaragua. In 1995…:  In 1995… Farmer to Farmer builds a dairy processing plant in Chinandega. In 1996…:  In 1996… Ten people travel to Acoyapa as part of an eyeglass mission, with which the team distributes eyeglasses and provides antibiotics and equipment to the clinic. Healing the Children embarks on another mission to Nicaragua. Farmer to Farmer establishes a livestock auction to improve prices. W/NP is certified as a Private Voluntary Organization with USAID on December 06. In 1998…:  In 1998… USAID awards W/NP with a grant to fund a program in child survival and reproductive health. The project became known as JinoHealth I. The project sees increases in knowledge of the signs and causes of Acute Diarrheal Disorder, Acute Respiratory Disorder, and malnutrition. Increases in the practices of child immunization, breatfeeding, and prenatal and postnatal health care are also recorded. In 1998…:  In 1998… Hurricane Mitch strikes Nicaragua in October and devastates the country. Cash donations, goods, and materials are collected through the W/NP office in Stevens Point. Over 100,000 pounds of materials valued at $800,000 are shipped in the relief efforts, and an additional $150,000 is collected from cash donations. In 1998…:  In 1998… With support from USAID, Red NicaSalud is initiated. A consortium of PVOs working in response to damage caused by Hurricane Mitch, Red NicaSalud works to enhance the health of vulnerable groups by improving health indicators, promoting primary health care, establishing a standardized monitoring and evaluation system, and supporting coordination and collaboration among its members. In 1999…:  In 1999… JinoHealth II is implemented to continue the goals of JinoHealth I and make improvements in areas that still need them. The JinoHealth programs spawned a number of satellite projects involving gardening, composting, sewing centers, potable water, vitamin A supplementation, child feeding centers, family planning, ambulances, and fire trucks. In 1999…:  In 1999… Funding is received in July for the Nicaraguan Leadership Development Program, a project that focuses on acquiring training in community development techniques supporting reconstruction activities resulting from Hurricane Mitch. In 1999…:  In 1999… Lynda Pracht visits Nicaragua through a Learning Centers tour and becomes interested in initiating a pilot microenterprise project. The Chica Nica Doll Dresses Project is born. The Milk Production Improvements and Milk Quality Program for processing and commercial marketing begins. An eyeglass mission travels to Rosita in July. In 2000…:  In 2000… Behind the Mask, a photo exhibit featuring the profile and spirit of the Nicaraguan people, was created to celebrate the 35th anniversary of W/NP. W/NP assembled the rich and diverse cross-cultural collection of images snapped by Wade Britzius to give a glimpse into the life of the people of Nicaragua and to help Wisconsin citizens learn about Wisconsin's partner country. In 2001…:  In 2001… The Bee-Keeping Project is initiated under Farmer to Farmer to take advantage of the native environmental conditions. An eyeglass mission travels to Jinotega in February and Ometepe in March. The exchange of training for emergency personnel began in March when two Nicaraguan fire chiefs met with their Wisconsin counterparts and visited with fire personnel from throughout Wisconsin at a state convention. In 2002…:  In 2002… Farmer to Farmer installs a milking system and bulk milk tank at the Universidad Nacional Agraria in Camoapa. A pilot project was established to test the onsite use of highly efficient solar cookers. An eyeglass mission travels to Waspam in February. In 2003…:  In 2003… An eyeglass mission travels to Acoyapa. In 2004…:  In 2004… Martin Havlovic, Menomonie, assumes the presidency of the organization. In Summation…:  In Summation… “During its thirty years of existence, Partners of the Americas has accomplished much with very few material resources, large amounts of imagination, and untold quantities of good will. I am proud to have been able to help Partners during my tenure in the U.S. Congress and wish them all the best for the next thirty years.” -- Dante Fascell, former member of Congress In Summation…:  In Summation… For all of the changes and all of the growth, the Partners program continues to rest on a simple premise – that through unique, bilateral partnerships, people can work together at the grass-roots level to build a better hemisphere for everyone. That premise has never changed…

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