Published on March 12, 2014
Technology Outlook for African Higher Education Greig Krull 13th March 2014 Linking Student Satisfaction, Quality Assurance and Peer Review in Higher Education Conference www.slideshare.net/greigk
Context – Drivers and Constraints Key Trends and Challenges Higher Education Technology Integration Modes of Educational Provision Technology Outlook Discussion Agenda
Context 1. What is your biggest motivator to integrate technology into your teaching and learning? 2. What is your biggest constraint to integrate technology into your teaching and learning?
Trends and Challenges
Growing Usage of Social Media Integration of Online, Blended and Collaborative Learning Rise of Data-Driven Learning and Assessment Shift from Students as Consumers to Students as Creators Agile Approaches to Change Evolution of Online Learning Global Trends in Higher Education The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition
Low Digital Fluency of Faculty Relative Lack of Rewards for Teaching Competition from New Models of Education Scaling Teaching Innovations Expanding Access Keeping Education Relevant The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition Global Challenges
Integration of Technology in Higher Education
Technology in Higher Education Research Data Processing, Searching Teaching/Learning VLEs, eContent, eAssessment, Support Administration Records, Finance, Management
How do we use technology? Efficient way to transmit content Access a wider range of resources Facilitate 2-way communication Shift from content provision/testing To exploration, co- creation & interaction
Institution Strategy Programme and Course Design Staff Professional Development Student Digital Literacies Student and Academic Support Applications Hardware / Devices Network Physical Spaces Educational Technology Stack Adapted from Marquard, 2013
Implications for Educational Modes of Provision
Continuum of Educational Provision Face to face (F2F) Mixed Mode Distance Education On Campus Off campus Spatial / Geographic distribution of teachers and learners
Delivery using Technology No digital support Digitally Supported Internet-supported Internet-dependent Fully online Offline Online Extent of ICT support
A D C B Fully Offline Internet Supported Internet Dependent Fully Online Campus-based Hybrid / Blended Remote E Digitally Supported Mode of Delivery B
Course Flow Synchronous Asynchronous Semi-synchronous Students do all work at the same time as everybody else Students do everything at their own pace and have no deadlines Students do some parts of the course at their own pace and do other parts of the course on a fixed schedule • Good likelihood of peer support as all at same stage • Expect deadlines are fixed • Work at the pace set by lecturer, not at own pace • Work at their own pace • Limited peer support as others may be at different stages • Can finish “later” but procrastination leads to not finishing • Instructors release course materials on a fixed schedule, student can work on it anytime after • Live events e.g. Q&A sessions happen at a fixed date and time, archive versions • Assessments due by a fixed deadline Google (2013)
Anderson (2008) Collaborative and Community Online Learning
Developments in Educational Technology Short-term Flipped Classrooms Learning Analytics Mid-term 3D Printing Gamification Long-term Quantified Self Virtual Assistants The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition
Consumer Technologies The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition Digital Publishing Mobile Phones Tablets Wearable Technology 3D Printing Social Media
Technology is Disruptive No-name brand, Android OS, 7” screen with 3G, GSM etc. $134.00 Falling costs are making devices affordable – Tablets with 3G ($134) – Smart phones – Laptops (starting around $250) – Bandwidth costs reducing
Internet Technologies The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition Cloud Computing Internet of Things Quantifiable Self
Digital Strategies The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) Flipped Classrooms Gamification Digital Identity
Top 20 Tools for Learning in 2013 © 2013 Centre for Learning & Performance Technologies
Learning Technologies The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition Badges Learning Analytics Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Open Educational Resources (OER)
Open Education Movement Open Source movement -> cost effective tools – Learner Management Systems (Moodle, Sakai, Canvas) – Student Information Systems (Fedena, Kuali, Open SIS) Open Education movement -> free quality content – Open Education Resources – Open Courseware – Massive Open Online Courses Open Research movement -> expand research – Open Access Journals – Open Access Publishing
Supporting Principles Adaptive to Change Build Capacity Open Education Collaboration Look to Add Value
A Final Thought Good teaching may overcome a poor choice of technology but technology will never save bad teaching Tony Bates, 2012
Thank you email@example.com greigk_za Greig Krull Discussion www.saide.org.za This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
References • Anderson, T (2008). The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. Athabasca University Press. (2nd ed) • Bates, T (2012) http://www.tonybates.ca/ • Bates, T and Sangra, A (2011) Managing Technology in Higher Education: Strategies for Transforming Teaching and Learning. John Wiley & Sons. • Centre for Learning & Performance Technologies (2013) Top 100 Tools for Learning 2013 • Google (2013) CourseBuilder https://code.google.com/p/course- builder/wiki/CourseFlow • Isaacs, S and Hollow, D, (eds) (2013) The eLearning Africa 2013 Report, ICWE: Germany. • Johnson, L, Adams Becker, S, Estrada, V & Freeman, A (2014). NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. • Marquard, S (2013). Educational Technology Stack. • Saide (2013) Considering Mode of Delivery in Education
OECD SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OUTLOOK 2012 © OECD 2012 381 ... Business enterprise Government and higher education OECD media n South Africa
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... “The State of Higher Education in South Africa, “Higher Edu-cation ... 23 public universities and universities of technology in South Africa.
“Private higher education in Africa: six country case studies”. In: ... technology training and education network of NIIT around the world to
Information & Communication Technology ICT, Higher Education, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, ... ICTs and higher education in Africa. (2007).