Published on March 19, 2014
International Workshop on Trends in Future Communications: High Performance Network Infrastructure for Future Internet Optical Communications at CPqD Strategy and Current Activities Júlio César R.F. de Oliveira, Ph.D Optical Systems General Manager, CPqD
Summary CPqD Introduction GSO Introduction Optical Communication Activities on CPqD • High Speed Optical Transmission • Optical Networking – Amps., ROADMs, Controlability, Control Plane (SDN/GMPLS) • Microelectronics for Coherent Transmission (ASIC DSP/OTN) • Integrated Photonics (Modulators, Receivers, Monitors,...) Final comments
An organization focused on innovation through Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Increasing national competitiveness and the digital inclusion of the society Whose purpose is to aid in CPqD
Innovation Cicle – Optical Communications Research - Publications - Patents - Targets State of Art - Proof of Concept/Lab. Prototype Market -Technology Transfer -Product Engineering -Increase competitiviness Development -HW, SW, Mecânica -FPGA -Packaging -Design
Our Team - CPqD Post-graduation 457 College Graduates 577 High School Graduates 263 Total 1.297
International competitive Integration CPqD as an independent organization Substitution of Imported Products Creation of TELEBRÁS TELEBRÁS creates CPqD Business Openings Privatization TELEBRÁS and CPqD New markets Internationalization Creation of Companies Company History and Evolution 1972 1976 1990 1998 ...2011
Main R&D areas Comunicações Ópticas Optical Communications Comunicações Ópticas IP Platforms Comunicações Ópticas Business and Operations Support Systems Communication and Information Security Comunicações Ópticas Sensor Technologies and Networks Comunicações Ópticas Services, Applications, Terminals and Digital Inclusion Comunicações Ópticas Decision Management Mobile Communications and Wireless Networks Comunicações Ópticas Smart Grid
CPqD Universe AVICENA
PADTEC ~55% of Brazil WDM Market ... Products CustomersRevenue 2013 (planned) : 200 M US$ BNDES now is shareholder (18%), investing USD 75M (Total round investment was USD 100M) CPqD is the main shareholder of PADTEC with 46% CPqD/PADTEC has a revenue share model stablished (Royalties)
Optical Fiber Infrastructe Evolution in Brazil
Optical Fiber Infrastructe Evolution in Brazil
Team CPqD – Optical Communications (GTO) 87 Researchers (CLT) 11 Trainee 1 Consultor 4 Scolarships 1 Internships Total = 104 2014 PhD 14 MsC 26 College Graduates 40 High Scholl 7 # 87
GTO - Innovation Cicle Proof of Concept Products HW FW Mec Mngt..MKT spec. CPqD
GTO - Technology Strategy Basic Research Applied Research Proof of Concept Laboratorial Prototype Pre-Industrial Prototype Technology Transfer Production CPqD IndustryUniversity
P&D Summary (CPqD – Optical Communications) Maket 2006-2014 9 products Standards 2009-2014 Partic. (OIF, ITU-T) Leadership 400G (OIF)
Pto-Pto com e sem AGC AGC Tot. Óptico Linha 1u Auto- Gerenciável EDFA com AGC Híbrido Amplifiers Evolution EDFA NG 4u Double EDFA NG 9u 1Slot EDFA/RAMAN 4,5u (Amplificador Híbrido) Amplifiers (CPqD Industry)
ROADMPLC ROADMWSS ROADM Plataforms (CPqD Industry)
Optical Transmission Evolution
ASIC DSP ASIC OTN Modulador DP-QPSK Receptor Coerente Line Card 100G (Key Components)
CPqD- Optical Transmision Evolution 100 Gb/s 200 Gb/s 400 Gb/s 1 Tb/s ...2 Tb/s
100G OTN Transponder/Regenerator (FPGA)
100G Coherent Optical Module
#1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #1 Amplifiers #2 ROADM and Control Plane #3 GPON #4 Coherent Transmission Module #5 ASICs and Integrated Photonics 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 Chain Agregation Value
Strategy GTO/CPqD Systems Modulo 100G Amplificador ROADM GPON Plano de Controle ASIC DSPASIC OTN Modulator Receiver Lasers Devices Materials
Technology: 28 nm TSMC Migrating to 16nm as we speak Layers: 11 Total area of Block: 3.509 mm² Standard Cells: 2252833 Area of Standard cells: 2.769 mm² Average wire length/net: 18.412 um Dimension: 1.873 x 1.873 mm TR Cells: 1346091 (59.75%) PE Cells: 857032 (38.04%) SLICER Cells: 13380 (0.5%) DEMAPPER Cells: 11573 (0.5%) Total wire length: 48.668 m Test CHIP ASIC DSP
ASIC OTN – Framer 100G + Cripto + Storage
Test Chip ASIC OTN Technology: 40nm TSMC Layers: 11 Total area of Chip: 18.04 mm² Standard Cells: 1235159 Area of Standard cells: 0.43 mm² Average wire length/net: 57.66 um Hard Macros: 67 Total wire length: 12.16 m
Optical Transmission Evolution 100Gb/s 200Gb/s400Gb/s1Tb/s Line Rate Evolutions Power and Size Reduction Increase Volume
Coherent Modultator and Receiver (100G and Beyond) 5x5 mm
Second CPqD Run Devices (12.5mm²) • Polarization Splitter and Rotator • High order add filters • DP-QPSK receiver • Estimated receive date: 03/2014
CFP2 Packaging Termination Resistors Carriers (x2) Optical window 4 levels ceramic Base GSGSGSGSG INPUT RF Land Grid Array (LGA) Pad matrix distribution
Optical networks current scenario Network management (Control plane) Network infrastructure (Data plane) Complex Functions (HW and SW) Not scalable Distributed intelligence along HW & net. nodes Verticalized solutions Lack of resources share or virtualization Lack of optimization (infra structure and performance) 100Mb/s 10Gb/s 10Gb/s 10Gb/s 100G – 100Tb/s PROBLEMS Proprietary
CPqD’s optical networking testbed Laboratorial Testbed Five node flexgrid mesh network Homemade Network Elements
Optical SDN controller (research focus) • Specialized HW • communication network operating system • applications (functions or network services) • Communication interfaces • Graph network abstraction • Legacy control plane virtualized (GMPLS) • infra-structure share (spectral segmentation) • Global network monitoring • Adaptive, cognitive and autonomous performance optimization • Transactions support • Policies support; • PCE, RWA, RSA support • Fault prediction support; Source: CPqD Globecom 2013
Optical Networking (Cognitive Amplifier) BER • Cognitive process based on: • Adaptative process based on optical amplifier operation points discrete performance caracterization; • Then a machine learning process based on neural networks is used for extrapolation of operating region points and cognitive process feedback supported by channels bit error rate (BER); • Goal: channels performance maximization (lowest noise figure with good flatness); • Result: 400% (6 dB) QoS enhancement; Cognitivo Amplifier (Neural Networks) Adaptative Algorithm Source: CPqD OFC/NFOEC 2013
Adaptable Flexible Transponder • Adaptive process: • The QoS parameter (OSNR) is obtained through monitoring application, than in case of minimum threshold point achieved, the transmitter modulation format is reconfigured to enhance performance; • Goal: Keeping Tx/Rx rate even under drastic network conditions allied to spectral efficiency maximization; • Result: Error free transmission for a 224Gbps signal under 22 dB OSNR degradation • Reconfiguration:224Gbps (2 carriers, 28Gbaud x4 symbols) 16QAM; 224Gbps (4 carriers, 28Gbaud x2 symbols) DP-QPSK; Source: CPqD OFC/NFOEC invited 2014
CPqD Strategy – Towards Terabit Optical Netwoks Design and packaging coherent linecard critical components Cognitive Optical Networks (GMPLS/SDN, Amps, ROADMs, Monitoring) 100 Gb/s 200 Gb/s 400 Gb/s1 Tb/s Coherent transmission evolution towards NxTb/s Focus on INDUSTRY (Products)
Final Remarks The main goal of this workshop is incentivate Brazil-UK cooperation in High Speed Networks area From photonics to microelectronic devices, passing trough physical layer reaching network controllers, both sides have a stablished ecosystem to contribute!!! Joint participation in EU/Brazil calls is a good starting point!!!! Let’s start small, think big and move fast!!!!
Thank You! www.cpqd.com.br
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