Here and Now or Coming in the Future? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa

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Published on August 17, 2009

Author: karitz

Source: slideshare.net

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Here and Now or Coming in the Future? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa

Here and Now or Coming in the Future ? eLearning in Continuing Education in Africa James Kariuki Njenga

Layout Introduction Here and now Coming in the future Benefits of eLearning for CE Challenges of eLearning in Africa Discussion

Introduction

Here and now

Coming in the future

Benefits of eLearning for CE

Challenges of eLearning in Africa

Discussion

Introduction The ICT revolution Changing terminologies Brick and mortar, click and learn, brick and click Will we still be calling it eLearning in 2050 Do we have correspondence education? Digital cameras?

The ICT revolution

Changing terminologies

Brick and mortar, click and learn, brick and click

Will we still be calling it eLearning in 2050

Do we have correspondence education? Digital cameras?

Here and now

Coming in the future

CHALLENGES

Power remains one of the most expensive cost manufacturing firms bear in Africa accounting to over 50% of the productions costs in some countries. Africa has the least electrification rate in the world, at 24% compared to the world average of 73% with many rural areas still uncovered by the main grids since 10% of the population covered is in urban and industrial centers But even then, the majority in urban centers in Africa are poor.

Power remains one of the most expensive cost manufacturing firms bear in Africa accounting to over 50% of the productions costs in some countries.

Africa has the least electrification rate in the world, at 24% compared to the world average of 73% with many rural areas still uncovered by the main grids since 10% of the population covered is in urban and industrial centers

But even then, the majority in urban centers in Africa are poor.

Overall, infrastructure is underdeveloped in most rural areas in Africa. The cost of communication, and communication technologies is prohibitive in Africa.

Overall, infrastructure is underdeveloped in most rural areas in Africa.

The cost of communication, and communication technologies is prohibitive in Africa.

“ an average university in Africa has no more bandwidth than the amount found in a residential connection in Europe or the United States” that is always strained; pays on average 50 times more than a typical US university per Kbps/month ; and the quality is low without firm commitments of policy from the internet providers of guaranteed uptimes - (Hawkins, 2007) Source: Internet World Stats, 2008

Africa has conservative and restrictive policies that serve as hindrances to the use of eLearning or technologies that promote eLearning HEIs in Africa to address policy issues creating proactive and reactive policies manage uncritical acceptance Manage the techno-economic and socio-systems paradigms What constitutes access to technology for teaching and learning? Time? Distance? Population?

Africa has conservative and restrictive policies that serve as hindrances to the use of eLearning or technologies that promote eLearning

HEIs in Africa to address policy issues

creating proactive and reactive policies

manage uncritical acceptance

Manage the techno-economic and socio-systems paradigms

What constitutes access to technology for teaching and learning?

Time?

Distance?

Population?

Most of our university’s top management are living in the past. Until they accept the use of technology for teaching and learning, we are going nowhere The new teaching and learning paradigms calls for a complete “shift” of the way we teach and learn

Lack of skilled manpower in Africa in the use of eLearning means: Hindrance to its use Lack or limited research in eLearning in (for) Africa The implications of these are: The majority who are in need and cannot afford are left out Limited enrolments HE is limited to low cost, low quality education programs HEIs getting involved in uncoordinated infrastructural development that end up being too costly

The implications of these are:

The majority who are in need and cannot afford are left out

Limited enrolments

HE is limited to low cost, low quality education programs

HEIs getting involved in uncoordinated infrastructural development that end up being too costly

Challenges (n) Cultural identity Economic vulnerability Westernization modernity Authenticity contextualization

Cultural identity

Economic vulnerability

Westernization

modernity

Authenticity

contextualization

BENEFITS

Producing the workforce of today and tomorrow Creation of networks of professionals extending boundaries

Flexibility Content and delivery Pace Place Time Easy management of learning and the learning process

Flexibility

Content and delivery

Pace

Place

Time

Creation of repositories of intellectual and human capital CC OER Copyleft Educommons etcs Improved retention, motivation and completion rates****

Creation of repositories of intellectual and human capital

CC

OER

Copyleft

Educommons etcs

Increased interactivity, support and communication. Address the demand of Higher education

Strategies for the future Formation of networks Fostering relationships between HEIs, students and their environments Dealing with human resources Proper coordination and formation of flexible funding models

Formation of networks

Fostering relationships between HEIs, students and their environments

Dealing with human resources

Proper coordination and formation of flexible funding models

Questions/Thank You James Kariuki Njenga Lecturer & eLearning Consultant Department of Information Systems University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa Tel: +27 21 959 3243 Cell: +27 72 037 3284 email: jkariuki@uwc.ac.za, jkariuki@gmail.com blog: http://elearningfundi.blogspot.com http://www.elearningfundi.net

James Kariuki Njenga

Lecturer & eLearning Consultant

Department of Information Systems

University of the Western Cape,

Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa

Tel: +27 21 959 3243

Cell: +27 72 037 3284

email: jkariuki@uwc.ac.za, jkariuki@gmail.com

blog: http://elearningfundi.blogspot.com

http://www.elearningfundi.net

Sources of images/photos Coffee makers: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman Coffee Dispenser: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjoy Maasai girls: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gbaku Wooden Pillows: http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot Mobile Phone with Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/ Children & Bicycle: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ryanh Green Rift Valley: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ditzygirl/ Kenya Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/genvessel/576376009/ Kenyans Queue: http://www.flickr.com/photos/44222307@N00/2142803363/ Ugali and Cabbage: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitterjug/2248918702/ electricity poles: http://www.flickr.com/photos/reinis/259842877/ Coffee cup: http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/3022024974/ Computer desk: http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/22651487/sizes/l/ One Laptop a Child: http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2596796905/ Antennas: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alex-photos/411570259/ Out of Order: http://www.flickr.com/photos/shelbychicago/2105806003/ Old Administration: http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2354914078/ This side Up: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/410034254/ African Dance: http://www.flickr.com/photos/clav/2798044428/ Networks: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/352439602/ Night computer: http://www.flickr.com/photos/smittenkittenoriginals/2984703872/ Network development: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevenraymondparker/290276458/ The Runners: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waechor/263986663/ Demand and supply: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeblogs/271068829/

Coffee makers: http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman

Coffee Dispenser: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjoy

Maasai girls: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gbaku

Wooden Pillows: http://www.flickr.com/photos/emdot

Mobile Phone with Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/

Children & Bicycle: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ryanh

Green Rift Valley: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ditzygirl/

Kenya Money: http://www.flickr.com/photos/genvessel/576376009/

Kenyans Queue: http://www.flickr.com/photos/44222307@N00/2142803363/

Ugali and Cabbage: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bitterjug/2248918702/

electricity poles: http://www.flickr.com/photos/reinis/259842877/

Coffee cup: http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/3022024974/

Computer desk: http://www.flickr.com/photos/amagill/22651487/sizes/l/

One Laptop a Child: http://www.flickr.com/photos/olpc/2596796905/

Antennas: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alex-photos/411570259/

Out of Order: http://www.flickr.com/photos/shelbychicago/2105806003/

Old Administration: http://www.flickr.com/photos/takomabibelot/2354914078/

This side Up: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/410034254/

African Dance: http://www.flickr.com/photos/clav/2798044428/

Networks: http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/352439602/

Night computer: http://www.flickr.com/photos/smittenkittenoriginals/2984703872/

Network development: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevenraymondparker/290276458/

The Runners: http://www.flickr.com/photos/waechor/263986663/

Demand and supply: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeblogs/271068829/

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