HERA white paper

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Information about HERA white paper
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Published on January 21, 2008

Author: Diana

Source: authorstream.com

HERA: Hubble End-of-life Robotic Augmentation – A Robotic Alternative for SM-4:  HERA: Hubble End-of-life Robotic Augmentation – A Robotic Alternative for SM-4 David L. Akin Space Systems Laboratory University of Maryland, College Park phone 301-405-1138 fax 301-314-9738 dakin@ssl.umd.edu Robotic HST Servicing - Batteries:  Robotic HST Servicing - Batteries BAT (1987) RANGER (2003) Robotic HST Servicing - Instruments:  Robotic HST Servicing - Instruments ECU WFPC FGS Basic Concept:  Basic Concept The University of Maryland Space Systems Laboratory has a twenty-year experience base in dexterous robotic spacecraft servicing, focusing almost exclusively on HST servicing All critical technologies currently exist to perform high-priority HST servicing completely telerobotically Servicing hardware (developed by GSFC for SM-4 mission) Robotic hardware (developed by University of Maryland for NASA Ranger Telerobotic Shuttle Experiment) Maneuvering spacecraft bus (developed by Naval Research Labs for NASA ISS Interim Control Module) Almost all required flight hardware is already available, bought and paid for by NASA without a current flight opportunity Maneuvering Spacecraft Bus - ICM:  Maneuvering Spacecraft Bus - ICM Developed by Naval Research Laboratory for NASA ISS Sufficient payload on EELV for Ranger robotics, SM-4 servicing hardware, HST flight support hardware Sufficient maneuvering capability for extensive coorbital operations, followed by HST deorbit or boost to disposal altitude Currently in bonded storage at NRL Dexterous Robotics - Ranger :  Dexterous Robotics - Ranger Developed by University of Maryland for NASA as low-cost flight demonstration of dexterous telerobotics Designed to be capable of using EVA interfaces and performing EVA tasks System passed through NASA Phase 0/1/2 PSRP safety reviews for shuttle flight High-fidelity qualification arms in extended tests at UMd SSL 70% of flight dexterous manipulator components in bonded storage at UMd Dexterous Arm Parameters:  Dexterous Arm Parameters Modular arm with co-located electronics Embedded 386EX rad-tolerant processors Only power and 1553 data passed along arm 53 inch reach mounting plate-tool interface plate 8 DOF with two additional tool drives (10 actuators) Interchangeable end effectors with secure tool exchange 30 pounds tip force, full extension 150 pounds (could be significantly reduced) 250 W (average 1G ops) End Effectors:  End Effectors Microconical End Effector Bare Bolt Drive EVA Handrail Gripper Tether Loop Gripper SPAR Gripper Right Angle Drive HERA Mission Scenario:  HERA Mission Scenario Launch on low-end EELV, rendezvous and dock to HST at aft bulkhead MMS fittings (high level supervisory control) Perform high-priority servicing (batteries/gyros), other targets of opportunity (e.g., SM4 instrument changeouts) Separate HERA and move into coorbital location to allow HST to perform nominal science data collection (no impact to HST pointing or stability) - HERA can be used as robotics testbed during this time HERA can redock and service multiple times if needed (e.g., periodic gyro replacements) ICM is based on design with proven flight duration of 6 years on-station At end of HST science mission, HERA redocks and performs deorbit/disposal boost mission Modifications to Existing Hardware:  Modifications to Existing Hardware ICM Addition of TDRSS Ku-band command data links Mounting interfaces for robotic hardware, HST servicing hardware, MMS berthing ring Attachment to EELV payload adapter Ranger Addition of longer strut elements to provide needed reach for positioning leg Completion of flight manipulator units Development of required end effectors for servicing tasks Implementation of launch restraints for robot on ICM deck Development of control station for teleoperated/supervisory control HST servicing hardware Modification of shuttle launch restraints to ICM deck Verification of thermal environment for ORUs Why HERA?:  Why HERA? No other options come close to matching technology readiness: ICM based on “black” spacecraft with flight heritage, currently ready to fly Ranger manipulators developed and tested; 70% of dexterous manipulator flight components already procured No other options come close to matching the proven capabilities Long on-orbit endurance and high maneuvering capacity provide assurance of successful deorbit at Hubble end-of-life Ranger manipulators designed for EVA-equivalent servicing, building on 20-year heritage of HST robotic servicing operations No other options come close to matching the flexibility Interchangeable end effectors provide unlimited interfaces Ranger arm design parameters (force, speed, clean kinematics) unrivaled among flight-qualified manipulators Immediate Implementation Actions:  Immediate Implementation Actions Get all three critical partners (GSFC, UMd, and NRL) onboard and start detailed planning process for flight hardware development and mission operations Start to collect focused operational data on tasks required for continued Hubble science data collection Set up SM-4 training hardware in University of Maryland Neutral Buoyancy Research Facility Make necessary modifications to Ranger neutral buoyancy hardware to reflect new mission application Mock up necessary portions of ICM Collect data on task operations, start development of dedicated end effectors (tools) and procedures Order long-lead items for remaining flight robotics components

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