Hendra

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Published on October 31, 2007

Author: Irvette

Source: authorstream.com

ECOSOC Operational Segment Implementing the internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium declaration: national perspectives and strategies New York 7 July 2005:  ECOSOC Operational Segment Implementing the internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium declaration: national perspectives and strategies New York 7 July 2005 Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform:  Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform Strong sense of National Ownership 5 years of 6% economic growth, macro economic stability, enhanced governance, improving socio-economic indicators Strong commitment to the Millennium Declaration and the MDGs, political will and tangible results : MDG 2, 7 and more recently MDG 4 now on track Paris & Rome Declarations: Tanzania - owned national development agenda; alignment around national priorities and processes 2 key Policy Pillars: National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA) and Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS) Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform:  Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform In such an environment, it is key that the MDGs are fully integrated into the policy framework, subject to public debate, not parallel processes New (MKUKUTA 2005-2010) is “MDG -Plus”. Many targets are more ambitious than the MDGs (halving extreme poverty by 2010, not 2015) Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform:  Tanzania – Emerging Model of Reform Focuses on 3 key outcomes – Growth and Reduction of Poverty; Quality of Life and Social Well Being; Governance and Accountability - rather than priority sectors (maximizing synergies across goals – MDG approach) Organization of outcome-based investment clusters is a very innovative yet challenging approach to poverty reduction “National” strategy – not just Government but also Civil Society, Private Sector, Parliament etc. Supported by Development Partners (including the UN) UN Role:  UN Role UN (including WB; IMF) playing key role regarding the promotion of the MDGs in five ways: Advocacy for the MDGs, including need to fully integrate them into the policy framework 2. Support to Full integration of the MDGs into key policy frameworks through Joint UN Support to the review of PRS I and currently to the review of the Zanzibar Poverty Reduction Plan (ZPRP) including: UN Role:  UN Role Integration of the MDGs into the new PRS framework Mobilization of various constituencies – young people; children; private sector; women; labour - to articulate their concerns on poverty reduction priorities Better Addressing Cross-Cutting issues – HIV/AIDS; environment; gender; population Capacity Development support to the Vice President’s Office and Ministry of Finance in Zanzibar (including facilitating broad stakeholder engagement at grass -roots level) Initial Communication Strategy on PRS II (MKUKUTA) UN Role:  UN Role 3. Support to model Poverty Monitoring System (http://www.povertymonitoring.go.tz), including full integration of TSED which is now used as basis for DGO global standard (www.tsed.org) 4. Support to Initial Costing within MKUKUTA framework (Millennium Project + national stakeholders + IMF) 5. Advocacy for Mobilization of Increased External Resources for achievement of the MDGs (within MKUKUTA framework) Challenges for UN Support to Full Integration of MDGs in MKUKUTA :  Challenges for UN Support to Full Integration of MDGs in MKUKUTA Moving to an Outcome-Oriented Approach: Planning; Budgeting; Implementation; Monitoring Costing MDGs Capacity Development Providing truly “Joint” UN support as one not by Agency Tanzania and Development Partnership – Evolving Best Practice:  Tanzania and Development Partnership – Evolving Best Practice Very strong sense of National Ownership and leadership regarding Rome and Paris Declarations – “Paris in Action” Tanzania Assistance Strategy (TAS) – overall framework of coherent partnership principles Harmonization and Alignment: several best practices including Independent Monitoring Group (IMG) and Quiet Times Tanzania and Development Partnership – Evolving Best Practice :  Tanzania and Development Partnership – Evolving Best Practice Very Good Results Greater Use of National Systems Enhanced Predictability Large Increase External Assistance – from USD 986 million in 2002/3 to USD 1.7 billion in 2004/5 Large Increase in Direct Budget Support to USD 600 Million (2005) plus USD 200 Million Baskets (2005) Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS):  Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS) Objectives: Strengthening National Ownership and Leadership Improving Aid Effectiveness - Aid Coordination, Harmonization and Alignment to national priorities and systems, and Managing for Results. JAS objectives in line with the Rome and Paris Declarations on Aid Harmonization and Alignment Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS):  Joint Assistance Strategy (JAS) Principles: National ownership Domestic accountability Mutual accountability GBS as the preferred aid delivery modality Reduction in transaction costs Division of labor TA policy & capacity building Repositioning the UN in Tanzania’s Dynamic Development Environment:  Repositioning the UN in Tanzania’s Dynamic Development Environment Joint Analytical Work (Poverty and Human Development Reports; TSED) Overall Leadership in Aid Coordination & Alignment – UN RC Co–Chair DPG; UNDP DPG Secretariat Joint UN Support to Review of PRS I and now ZPRP Slide14:  Repositioning the UN in Tanzania’s Dynamic Development Environment Independent Joint Strategic Review of UN Support to the PRS and the Zanzibar Poverty Reduction Plan conducted (including Assessment of UN’s Comparative Advantages) Active UN Engagement in the JAS New Draft UNDAF Results Matrix Joint Programmes – TSED; Joint UN support to PRS and ZPRP Reviews; Humanitarian/ Development Transition – NW Tanzania; HIV/AIDS in Zanzibar; Private Sector Support Programme Repositioning the UN :  Repositioning the UN New Focus - Very tight focus on just 3 UNDAF Outcomes Aligned to New MKUKUTA (and emerging new ZPRP) New Instruments DBS (WB) SWAPs (UNFPA and UNDP today; Tomorrow - FAO, UNICEF?…..) Baskets (UNDP and UNFPA Today; Tomorrow - Several Agencies?) Key Challenges:  Key Challenges Under the new JAS, is the UN ready to move from an implementation role to a more exclusive policy advisory and capacity development role? Is the UN ready to move away from many small project interventions and instead participate in new instruments and be more aligned around national processes? JAS & new Funding Instruments (Direct Budget Support, SWAPs/Basket Funding): Can the UN Country Team sign up together to the new JAS or just Agency by Agency ? Key Challenges:  Key Challenges Maximizing New Technical Assistance Policy - UN staff capacity, skills mix and incentive structure to be demand-driven & provided on a flexible basis (JAS) Address the implications of a new TA policy on the role of UN expertise as outsourced through internal UN structures (regional/HQ) UN Communication Strategy: “One UN”

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