Published on December 30, 2008
Generalist Practice: Micro Interventions : Generalist Practice: Micro Interventions Helping, Ethics, Cultural Competence What Do Social Workers Do : What Do Social Workers Do The cool thing about social work is that social workers work in a wide variety of settings in many different roles (You will never be bored) BSW is entry-level and usually work under MSW/ Agency Supervision MSW: Management, Supervision, Clinical Settings What do Social Workers Do? : What do Social Workers Do? Specializations: Really endless possibilities are available: Clinical Geriatric Child Welfare Adult/Child Mental Health Chemical Dependency And the list goes on and on and on Primary Mission of the S.W. Profession : Primary Mission of the S.W. Profession Enhance human well-being and meet basic needs of all people Empowerment of vulnerable, oppressed, and those living in poverty Focus on the individual in the context of the environment Assumption is people adapt in order to aspire to their highest functional potential The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Engagement: Orient yourself to the presenting concern Establish communication/relationship with the client and other’s involved with the presenting concern Warmth, Empathy, Genuineness Alleviate initial client anxiety The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Assessment Identify the client Assess the client in context of the environment: micro, mezzo, and macro/ aspects of diversity Cite information about the client problem; identify needs Identify Client Strengths (Behavioral Competencies, Skills, Personality Factors, etc) The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Planning Work with the client Prioritize problems from the client perspective Translate problems into needs Evaluate potential interventions Establish goals Specify objectives based on goals Develop action strategies Formalize contract The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Implementation Make the contract happen according to assigned roles, responsibilities, and action steps On-going evaluation: Is the plan working and how do we know? May need to re-group and renegotiate the client service contract The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Termination Can occur at the end of a planned service May occur in an on-going “open-ended service” through mutual agreement Unanticipated Occurrences No Shows Social Worker Leaves Agency Changes in Policy & Procedure The Helping Process (GIM) : The Helping Process (GIM) Follow-Up Monitor if the plan of care was effective in the long run Roles of the Social Work in the Helping Process. : Roles of the Social Work in the Helping Process. Activist Advocate Agency Administrator Broker Case Manager Clinician/Counselor Coordinator Educator/Teacher Enabler Facilitator Mediator Planner Outreach Worker Research/Program Evaluator Ethics : Ethics Working with people, families, and systems often put us in precarious situations in which we require professional guidance on what another social worker would do…or is expected to do in that situation Ethics help standardize practice procedures Ethics protect both the client and practitioner Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Self-Determination Empowerment Inherent Worth & Dignity of all People Confidentiality Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Self-Determination The act of giving clients the freedom to make choices in their lives an to move toward established goals that they see fitting for them. Doesn’t infringe on the rights of others There are limits to self-determination if the client’s actions are harmful to self or others. Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Empowerment Must originate in the client to advocate for change in self, environment, and systems How social worker’s help: Provide information Assist client in building support systems Exploring possible outcomes of life choices Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Inherent Worth & Dignity Respecting every human’s inherent greatness “All people are inherently great; it’s just that some have forgotten” How the Social Worker Helps Creating an environment that fosters greatness Process of affirming who we are…who they are… We must believe we are great in order to affirm other people’s greatness. What do we do if we don’t agree with lifestyles, values, etc Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values What we do: Separate (I’m not so sure I agree with this…let’s talk) Refer Develop a plan Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Confidentiality Safeguarding information that passes between the social worker and the client In most states, “The client owns the right to confidentiality, thus they can choose to waive it.” Exceptions: Duty to warn, harm to self, harm to others. Ethics are based on 4 Key Values : Ethics are based on 4 Key Values Group Values Discussion Group 1: Self-Determination Box 2.1(Pg 20) Group 2: Empowerment Box 2.2 (Pg 21) Group 3: Worth & Dignity Box 2.3/2.4 (Page 23) Group 4: Confidentiality Box 2.5 (Page 25) If time presents we will discuss Box 2.9 in class as a whole Cultural Competency : Cultural Competency Developing a Cultural Self-Awareness Culture Cultural Diversity Stereotypes Cultural Sensitivity Cultural Competence Cultural Responsiveness Multicultural Competence Cultural Competence : Cultural Competence Three Key Issues Self-awareness Cross-cultural knowledge Cross-cultural skills Cultural Competency : Cultural Competency Levels of Self-Awareness Denial: No engagement Defense: Limited engagement/ Dominant culture superiority Minimization: “We are all the same” Acceptance: Acknowledges cultural differences Adaptation: Adapts interaction strategies to match culture Integration: High degree of fluency in a culture, adopting worldviews, language, etc Cultural Competence : Cultural Competence Developing awareness of self: Box 4.3: Cultural Self-Inventory Share results with a friend Cultural Competence : Cultural Competence Elements of Cultural Competence Ethical practices that recognize how personal/professional values may conflict with or accommodate the needs of diverse clients Personal Awareness Cross-cultural knowledge Cross-cultural skills Service delivery in a sensitive, cross-cultural manner Empowerment & Advocacy Diversity in Workforce Professional Education Language Diversity Cross Cultural Leadership with the Organization
Challenges of Clinical Practice, part I CCP I-600 - Challenges of Clinical Practice. This course in a nutshell: Discussion topics: the importance of ...