Published on March 4, 2014
Developing a Healthy Cities Index Ian Barnett BRE 04/03/2014 Part of the BRE Trust
A Healthy Cities Index (HCI) An Index which will score a city, authority or community on a comparable basis, providing a benchmark for targeted action…
Drivers “Poor health wastes potential, causes despair and drains resources across all sectors.” - The World Health Organisation “Building more hospitals is a sign of failure. What I want to see is ‘upstream’ investment to keep people out of hospital” - Dr David Pencheon, Director NHS SDU
Best Cities 2013 (Economist Intelligence Unit) 1. Melbourne 2. Vienna 3. Vancouver 55. London Last = Damascus Unhealthy Cities: life expectancy 2010 (men) • • • UK = 78.2 years Glasgow = 71.6 years Calton = 54 years
Characteristics of the HCI? – Allows cities/towns to be compared on their health status – Is independent of the health of the population – Enables a city to improve, to become more healthy
Already out there?
Possible city level indicators…
Healthy Cities Index – How it might look Access to services Access to medical support Housing Access to nutrition Access to education Built environment Buildings and Infrastructure 58 Safety and security Transport 90 to 100 Open space and Leisure Air quality Noise 80 to 90 70 to 80 60 to 70 50 to 60 40 to 50 30 to 40 Introduced risk 20 to 30
Housing indicator, applied to London – Based on HHSRS hazard prevalence estimates from English Housing Survey • Excess hot/cold conditions • Slips, Trips and Falls • Other Hazards Transpor t
Housing indicator, applied to London
Housing indicator, applied to England
Safety and Security – A separate on-going BRE project under the future cities programme is looking at this particular indicator – Piloting data collection in a small number of Transpor cities to determine the feasibility of t collecting environmental design information, likely correlated to crime hotspots – Other indicators of Safety and security could include the British Crime Survey
Noise – Defra have been working on collecting noise-mapping data for England – The proportion of exposure above 65 dB(A) could be used as an indicator of noise pollution Transpor t – Alternatively, the proportion of the cities area where the noise pollution from individual sources exceeds 65 dB(A) could be calculated for each source as separate sub-indicators relating to road, rail, air and industry
Other examples Transpor t Air Quality: • External air quality • Indoor air quality in dwellings • Indoor air quality in other buildings Open space and leisure: • Proportion of usable green space to residential space • Museums, theatres, art galleries, sports fields, cinemas and gymnasiums, is worth considering Transpor t Transpor t Infrastructure includes • Energy supply • Water management • Communications • Solid waste management • Transport links
Thank you Further information: firstname.lastname@example.org Part of the BRE Trust
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