Published on August 2, 2013
1 Key Findings From Nationwide Survey Among 1,219 Adults Conducted June 20-27, 2013 From Hope To Cures: PhRMA’s First Annual Health Survey
Americans’ Personal Health and Optimism 2
3 Americans are paying more attention to their health. Compared to a few years ago, would you say you are paying more attention to your personal health, about the same amount of attention, or less attention? StatusAndRoleOfHigherEducation 58% 37% 5% More attention Same amount of attention Less attention All adults Paying more attention to my health Men 58% Women 58% Whites 55% African Americans 71% Hispanic 60% High school grad/less ed 57% Some college 60% College graduate 57%
Americans are paying more attention to preventative health behaviors. 23% 33% 35% 37% 37% 41% 41% 45% 54% 57% 4 Eating healthy diet Maintaining healthy weight Reducing stress Info on health develop- ments, guidelines, etc. Exercising regularly Taking medicine as prescribed Getting plenty of sleep Seeing doctor regularly Monitoring blood pressure Moderating alcohol Proportions who say they are paying more attention to this aspect of looking out for their health
Obesity, weight management, and diet are the top volunteered concerns about personal health. 5 What are your biggest concerns about your own personal health? What specific things are you paying attention to related to your personal health? 5% 6% 8% 9% 9% 13% 25% Aggregated volunteered responses Obesity, trying to lose weight, maintaining healthy weight Eating healthy, good diet, watching what I eat Exercise, working out, staying physically active Heart health High blood pressure Diabetes, blood sugar Cancer
The most common health challenges Americans face are obesity and mental health. 5% 6% 12% 9% 14% 19% 21% 6 Obesity Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety Heart disease Cancer Diabetes Diseases that are resistant to antibiotics Alzheimer's disease 27% Health concern I deal with now Health concern I've dealt with in the past but not currently 26% 18% 15% 14% 8% 7%
Most Americans say they personally have had a good health year, especially those who are young, educated, or affluent. 21% 40% 26% 9% 4% 7 How would you describe the past year when it comes to your own personal health? 61% GREAT/ GOOD YEAR Great year Good year Okay year Not good year Bad year Has been a great or good year Age 18 to 34 Age 35 to 49 Age 50 to 64 Age 65/over High school grad/less ed Some college College graduate Income less than $30K Income $30K to $75K Income more than $75K 71% 61% 53% 56% 51% 62% 68% 47% 63% 69%
There is a disconnect between how Americans evaluate their own health and that of the average American. 21% 40% 26% 9% 4% 8 How would you describe the past year when it comes to your own personal health? 2% 16% 48% 21% 5% 8% Thinking about the country as a whole and the health of the average American, how would you describe the past year? 61% GREAT/ GOOD YEAR 18% GREAT/ GOOD YEAR Great year Good year Okay year Not good year Not sureBad year
By a large margin, doctors are the most trusted source of information on prescription medications. 2% 2% 15% 19% 60% 9 Doctor or medical professional Pharmacist Medical or health-related websites on the Internet Friends or family who are not medical professionals Practitioner of alternative medicine (acupuncturist, chiropractor) When you have questions about your prescription medicines, which one of the following do you most commonly go to for information? Among 18- to 34-year-olds: Doctor/med, professional 53% Medical/health websites 22% All adults
10 Finding reliable and trustworthy health information is fairly easy for most, more challenging for younger Americans. When you have questions about your health or physical symptoms, how would you describe the process of getting reliable information that you can trust to answer your questions? 9% Easy Difficult All adults Very easy to get reliable information Age 18 to 34 33% Age 35 to 49 37% Age 50 to 64 46% Age 65/over 58% Currently dealing with: Obesity 41% Cancer 45% Heart disease 49% Very easy 43% Somewhat easy/only a few challenges 90%
11 Americans are optimistic about their own longevity. To what age do you personally expect to live? 3% 4% 15% 37% 24% 11% Mean = 86 Under 60 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99 100/ older 72% believe they will live to at least 80 Mean longevity expectation All adults 86 Age 18 to 34 84 Age 35 to 49 85 Age 50 to 64 86 Age 65/over 89 Whites 85 African Americans 88 Hispanics 86 Currently dealing with: Obesity 85 Cancer 86 Heart disease 84
12 Confidence extends to future generations: Americans estimate that in 50 years life expectancy will increase more than 13 years on average. In 1900 the average life expectancy was about 47, in 1950 it was 68. What do you think the average life expectancy will be in 50 years? 2% 4% 5% 28% 27% 29% Mean = 92 Under 60 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-99 100/ older Mean future longevity expectation All adults 92 Age 18 to 34 91 Age 35 to 49 91 Age 50 to 64 92 Age 65/over 95 Whites 92 African Americans 90 Hispanics 94 84% expect future generations will live to at least 80
9% 9% 12% 31% 34% 35% 44%Genetics Diet Exercise Quality of health care Close relationships with family and friends Socioeconomic status or income Development of new medicines Which one of the following do you think is the most important factor in determining how long a person lives? 13 While Americans think that genetics is the primary driver of longevity, they also identify a range of factors over which they have more control.
Americans’ Agenda For Health Research And Discovery 14
Americans outline a broad and ambitious research health agenda, and put finding more cures for cancer at the top of the list. 25% 31% 33% 36% 41% 37% 38% 59% 15 Cures for more forms of cancer More effective treatments for heart disease More elderly needing more intensive medical care Obesity More effective Alzheimer’s treatment/prevention Finding more effective treatments for diabetes Outbreaks of diseases resistant to antibiotics New treatments for mental health (depression/anxiety) 86% 78% Should be one of America’s top two or three health priorities Should be an important health priority 76% 74% 73% 73% 70% 64%
Americans’ biggest worries are cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s. 18% 21% 29% 34% 40% 43% 49% 16 Cancer Heart disease Alzheimer's disease Diabetes Diseases that are resistant to antibiotics Obesity Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety Health concern I am worried about for my future
Cancer and heart disease are leading concerns for Americans under age 65; seniors’ leading concern is Alzheimer’s. 17 Cancer Heart disease Alzheimer's disease Diabetes Diseases that are resistant to antibiotics Obesity Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety Proportions saying each is a health concern they are worried about for their future Age 18 to 34 59% 48% 38% 45% 36% 25% 20% Age 50 to 64 49% 47% 41% 34% 29% 21% 16% Age 35 to 49 54% 49% 40% 37% 29% 24% 21% Age 65/over 34% 26% 43% 20% 23% 15% 14%
While cancer is the top priority across groups, there are generational and race differences in second-tier priorities. 18 Cures for more forms of cancer Obesity More effective treatments for heart disease More elderly needing more intensive medical care Finding more effective Alzheimer’s treatment/ prevention Finding more effective treatments for diabetes Proportions saying each should be one of America’s top two or three health priorities Age 18 to 34 57% 46% 30% 27% 23% 23% Age 35 to 49 59% 39% 32% 32% 24% 26% Age 50 to 64 62% 39% 45% 45% 46% 39% Age 65/over 56% 37% 44% 46% 50% 43% Whites 59% 39% 36% 37% 35% 31% African Americans 58% 42% 51% 42% 43% 41% His- panics 64% 56% 42% 32% 42% 42%
2% 6% 9% 9% 12% 12% 19% 26%Stem cell research AIDS/HIV therapies New treatments for heart disease and heart attacks Robotic surgery Genetic testing and Human Genome Project Cervical cancer vaccine Treatment for blood cancers New treatments for cystic fibrosis Which one of the following do you think is the biggest medical breakthrough in recent years? 19 Stem cell research leads the list of the most significant breakthroughs in recent years, followed by new AIDS/HIV therapies.
Overwhelmingly, Americans are optimistic that cures for many diseases will be found in the next 10 years. 16% 19% 21% 23% 23% 26% 20 Breast cancer Heart disease Diabetes Colon cancer Lung cancer Alzheimer's disease 69% 68% Very optimistic that cure for this will be found within the next 10 years Somewhat optimistic 56% 53% 68% 64%
One in five has had some personal experience with clinical trials. Have you, a family member, or a close friend ever participated in clinical research or a clinical trial? 7% 8% 3% 81% 21 Have participated Close friend Family member Personally have Have not participated 18%
Americans see a wide range of motivations for participating in a clinical research study. 33% 46% 48% 52% 53% 22 Access to cutting-edge medical treatments If doctor recommended it If receive free health care because of participation Participation would make a contribution to medical research and discovery If compensated or earn money by participating 80% Very important factor Fairly important factor 73% 55% 75% 73% How much of a factor would this be in your deciding whether to participate in a clinical research study?
Clinical trials are widely hailed as extremely important for research and discovery of new medicines. In the process of researching and discovering new medicine, a series of clinical trials are used to check a compound's effectiveness and safety. These trials are conducted voluntarily with patients over the course of several years, under the supervision of the FDA. How important do you think this kind of research is? 65% 25% 7% 3% Not sure Extremely important Less/not important Extremely important: Men 65% Women 65% Age 18 to 34 64% Age 35 to 49 65% Age 50 to 64 66% Age 65/over 63% Whites 65% African Americans 64% Hispanics 66% High school grad/less ed 66% Some college 64% College graduate 66% 23 Fairly important All adults
Ads and PSAs are the most common source of information on clinical trials, though most people would prefer to learn more from a doctor. 28% 29% 57% 24 Advertisement or public service announcement Medical website or online health source Doctor or other health care professional Proportions saying they have heard about participating in a clinical trial through each source From where would you prefer to receive further information about the results of clinical trials related to diseases you are interested in? My doctor or health care 51% provider News media 18% Academic medical center 14% Government body or website 11% such as clinical trials.gov or FDA Pharmaceutical manufacturer 3%
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