Hamburg 2 zensiert

60 %
40 %
Information about Hamburg 2 zensiert
Education

Published on April 7, 2008

Author: craig

Source: authorstream.com

European Non-Food Agriculture E N F A :  European Non-Food Agriculture E N F A University of Hohenheim, Germany, Jürgen Zeddies and Oliver Henniges Kick-off-Meeting Mai 9th – 11th 2005 Hamburg, University Work Package 25 Bioethanol and Biodiesel Proposed activities in the application:  Cost and potential of bio ethanol and biodiesel Regional dimension EU-15, NUTS 2 Different raw materials Wheat, sugar beets, maize, potatoes Proposed activities in the application Methodology :  Farm accountancy data network (FADN) of EU-15 (1997- 2002) Data available About 60 000 farms Calculation of gross margins (ARACOST) Accomplished by standard data for sugar beet To be completed for wheat, maize, others Methodology Cost of raw material:  Type of model already available Comparative static approach Results: variable cost, opportunity cost, marginal cost for different raw materials Time dimension Base 1997 – 2002 Reference 2008 Prognoses up to 2020 Cost of raw material Cost of conversion:  Biodiesel: RME and by products for Germany Bioethanol: distinguished by different raw materials, and technical processes (DDGS, biogas) For Germany For main competitors worldwide Cost of conversion Assessment of production potential:  Raw material (oilcrops, cereals, beets) Regional dimension (Germany, EU-15, and EU-28) Assessment of supply elasticities Assessment of production potential Markets for biofuel:  National markets (Germany) EU domestic market World market Markets for biofuel Open questions for the study:  Which kind of raw material should be considered? Potatoes? Sunflower ? Soy beans? Can other lines for biofuel be ignored (sun fuel)? Regional dimension: EU-15 or EU-28? Definition of time horizon (base, reference, prognoses? Should greenhouse gas emissions in conversion processes considered as well? Open questions for the study Links to other projects:  German Ministry of Environment …. “Cost and potential of biomass” German Ministry of Environment …. “Macro economic study of biomass for energy” Oliver Henniges: “Bioethanol – Worldwide analyses of competitiveness” DFG-Project Zeddies: “Mitigation strategies for green house gas emissions in agricultural” Links to other projects First results:  Data flow Potential for biomass from agriculture Germany EU-15 and EU-28 Biodiesel (RME) Bioethanol Production cost international World trade / world production World market price Models for bio fuel markets First results Supply elasticity in der EU 15 :  Supply elasticity in der EU 15 Supply potential for energy crops in Germany (base 1000 t):  Supply potential for energy crops in Germany (base 1000 t) Supply potential for energy crops in EU-15 (base 1000 t):  Supply potential for energy crops in EU-15 (base 1000 t) Biomass for energy ? Political decisions in EU :  Share of renewable energy of primary energy consumption in 2010 up to 12 % Similar goals in member states Various initiatives in member states to reach these goals Germany: Renewable Energy Law (higher price for supplier) Exemption from mineral oil tax Biomass for energy ? Political decisions in EU Resources:  Wood Agricultural by products (straw) Liquid energy from crops (bio diesel/RME, ethanol Biogas Resources Heating facilities for wood pellets:  Heating facilities for wood pellets Folie 19 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Markets for bio energy - Electric Energy - :  Biomass from: Wood, primarily old wood from buildings Agricultural by products (straw) Liquid bio energy Biogas Markets for bio energy - Electric Energy - Electricity plants for biomass:  Electricity plants for biomass Folie 21 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Electricity plants from biogas :  Electricity plants from biogas Folie 22 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Markets for bio fuel :  Bio diesel from oil crops Ethanol Synthetic fuel (biomass to liquid) Biogas Markets for bio fuel Bio diesel plants capacity:  Bio diesel plants capacity Folie 24 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Slide25:  Bio fuel in Germany 2004 only rape seed oil (RME) as poor fuel About 1.2 mio t from about 750.000 ha Little natural rapeseed oil in tractors 2004 three factories are producing ethanol from cereals Why Bio ethanol?:  Kyoto Protocol  CO2 reduction Energy (in-) dependence Concrete EU target regarding biofuels: 5,75 Energy-% in 2010 Further Challenges: Jobs in rural areas Market relief for agricultural commodities Alternative incomes for farmers Maintenance of sugar beet cultivation Why Bio ethanol? Why 100 % Tax Reduction in D?:  Why 100 % Tax Reduction in D? EU Commission agreed with tax exemption, since Production Costs = 69 Cent/l 107 Cents/l = Gasoline price at that time No further calculations cited Officially no overcompensation of production costs difference only 65 % volume based energy density Tax Relief in the EU:  Tax Relief in the EU Source: FO Licht, Ethanol Production Costs – A Worldwide Survey Bio ethanol Requirements:  Bio ethanol Requirements EU Directive 2003/30 EG Share of renewable energy in fuels in 2006 2,00 % (+0,75 % points/year) 2011 5,75 % (  8,8 Vol.-% ) For Germany that means: Gasoline consumption 2003: 25,7 Mio t 2,00 Energy % 10,5 Mio hl 5,75 Energy % 30,3 Mio hl Folie 29 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Required Land:  Required Land Assumption: 5,75 energy-% ethanol blend Potential ethanol demand EU-25 (acc. to COLBERT): 132 mln hl Cereals 85 %: 112 mln hl Sugar beet 15 %: 20 mln hl Raw material requirement: Cereals 31,8 mln t Sugar beet 19,9 mln t Required land 6,4 mln ha Cereals 6,1 mln ha Sugar beet 0,3 mln ha Total agricultural area EU-25: 167 mln ha Set aside area EU-25: 7,0 mln ha Data according to COLBERT, D: EU Need for Biofuel Import? FO Licht World Ethanol Conference 2004, London, 9. Nov. 04 Folie 30 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop World Production by Country:  World Production by Country Source: Dr. Christoph Berg, FO Licht, World Ethanol Conference 2003 EU need in 2010: 130 mln hl Folie 31 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop International Trade:  International Trade 4.16 mln hl 4.77 mln hl Now: 1.5 mln hl Planned Mercosur Contingent 12 mln hl Source: FO Licht, Germany For comparison: World Production 400 mln hl CBI: 2.66 mln hl Folie 32 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Bio ethanol in Germany:  Bio ethanol in Germany today... Production Costs Germany:  Production Costs Germany Assumptions: Multiple feedstock plant a) 0,5 mln hl/year b) 2,0 mln hl/year Raw material Beet campaign (90 days): beet juice Rest of year: wheat  64 % ethanol from wheat, 36 % from beet Wheat Price: 100 €/t  Beet Price: ? Production Costs Germany (pWheat = 100 €/tincl. transport):  Production Costs Germany (pWheat = 100 €/tincl. transport) Folie 35 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Beet Price?:  Beet Price? Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Production Costs in D (pWheat = 100 €/tincl. transport):  Production Costs in D (pWheat = 100 €/tincl. transport) Folie 37 Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Bio ethanol:  Bio ethanol in Brazil Brazil:  Brazil Folie 39 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Production Costs Bio ethanol BR:  Production Costs Bio ethanol BR Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Production costs Brazil (2003):  Production costs Brazil (2003) 14 €/hl ! Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Bagasse Burning:  Bagasse Burning Folie 42 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide State Support in BR:  State Support in BR Mandatory blending 20-25 Vol-% depending on market situation Tax reduction (2003) Gasoline: 30 US-Cents/l Ethanol: 17 US-Cents/l Small car tax reduction Bio ethanol in Brazil:  Bio ethanol in Brazil Low feedstock costs Largest producer worldwide Large potential for expansion Large-scale facilities for export exist Rising demand by Total Flex Cars Serious competitor for EU production International Comparison of Production Costs:  International Comparison of Production Costs Folie 45 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide Competitiveness against Gasoline in Germany:  Competitiveness against Gasoline in Germany Folie 46 10.05.2005 / Hamburg2/ENFA-Workshop Please contact Prof. Zeddies (zeddies@uni-hohenheim) or Oliver Henniges (henniges@uni-hohenheim) for further information regarding this slide What about the competition of biomass for nutrition and energy?:  What about the competition of biomass for nutrition and energy? 1. Relevant variables The demand for nutrition Population growth Per capita consumption The world market prices for agricultural commodities The supply elasticity for biomass 2. Expectations for the next 20 years population growth World 1.1 % EU 28 0.3% Price developments:  Price developments 1. Oil price Increase of ca. 50 % in 25 years Absolute 18 to 28 US $ 2. Cereals Increase of 10- 20 % in 15 years 3. Oilseeds Decrease of 13 to 27 % in 10 years 4. Sugar constant Production and agricultural surpluses in EU:  Production and agricultural surpluses in EU Food demand + 0,3 %/year Production + 1.5 to 2 %/year Set aside land 5 to 7 % Potential relief of land from surplus production 5% Total balance of land for biomass in EU 25 in 10 years about 22 % In 20 years about 35 %

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Umzug in den (zensiert) | Telekom hilft Community

Wir ziehen um zum (zensiert) Was ist zu tun? Wir möchten uns hinsichtlich Telefonie/Internet/Entertain/Mobilbunk beraten lassen. Bzw. wir möchten ...
Read more

Initiative Deutschland | Facebook

Initiative Deutschland. Gefällt 2278 Mal · 1 Personen sprechen darüber. Facebook Seite der allseits beliebten Nachrichtenseite zensiert.to
Read more

Un(s)zensiert 2014/2 - Ausgabe 8 by CAGD - www-cagd-info ...

... zensiert 2014/2 - Ausgabe 8, Author: CAGD - www-cagd-info.de, ... Juli 2015 in 23847 Schiphorst „Nähe Hamburg statt finden wird. Nächste CAGD ...
Read more

Zensur in Deutschland - cras-legam.de

... Links – Diese Seite ist zensiert. ... siehe 1. + 2. Freie Meinung über ... Das ZDF wurde vom Landgericht Hamburg verpflichtet ihre Mediathek zu ...
Read more

Zensiert | Facebook

Zensiert. 81 likes. ... Hamburg, Germany. Zensiert shared a page. January 29 ... 1. Strophe: vist 2. Strophe: ZENSIERT Instrumental: BeatAssasin | Shared ...
Read more

Konzept für die Einführung des Wissensmanagements in der ...

HAW Hamburg 2. Prüfer: Michael Sillus Head of Quality Operations A380 FAF Airbus Operations GmbH . 2 Inhalt
Read more

Oberlandesgericht Hamburg - vaeternotruf.de

Oberlandesgericht Hamburg . Sievekingplatz 2. 20355 Hamburg . Telefon: 040 / 42843-0. Fax: 040 / 42843-4097 . E-Mail: Poststelle@olg.justiz.hamburg.de
Read more

Transformer Book Serie (Detachable) | 2-in-1 | ASUS ...

2-in-1: Ultradünnes 12,5“ Tablet, kraftvolles Notebook. Zur Vergleichsliste hinzufügen. Transformer Book Serie (Convertible) Alles ansehen.
Read more

Urteil mit Folgen: Beuys-Witwe darf Performance-Fotos ...

Düsseldorf/Hamburg - In einem Rechtsstreit um eine Schau mit Fotografien einer Live-Aktion von Joseph Beuys ist das Museum Schloss Moyland der Witwe Eva ...
Read more

Dropbox (US)

Dropbox simplifies the way you create, share and collaborate. Bring your photos, docs, and videos anywhere and keep your files safe.
Read more