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Information about Hagia_Sophia

Published on December 18, 2008

Author: aSGuest7166

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: Hagia Sophia Slide 2: Description Covered by a central dome- Sometimes considered the 8th wonder of the world - Hagia Sophia means Holy Wisdom/Holy Trinity - 31 x 56 meters - The interior is covered with polychrome marbles, colorful mosaics and brick- The exterior is simply brick, stone, massive vaults and domes Walls were extremely sensitive and unstable, especially the dome. Used for Byzantine imperial ceremonies and was the main Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople Slide 3: History Now known as the Ayasogya Museum-Built in 352-37 A.D.-Former Eastern Orthodox church in Istanbul-Nothing remains of the first church that was built on the same site-Collapsed multiple times due to earthquakes -The second was built by Constantius II but was burned down and rebuilt-In404 A.D. – was destroyed by mobs set into action when emperor Arcadius sent archbishop John Chrysostom into exile for his criticism of the empress-In 415 A.D. – Emperor Theodosius II rebuilt the church -Attacked once again in 532 A.D. Slide 4: The dome collapsed after an earthquake in 558, its replacement in 563.- Partial collapse in 989 - During the Latin Occupation (1204-1261) the church became a Roman Catholic cathedral - In 1453, Sultan Mohammed declared Eastern Christianity’s cornerstone a mosque after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks - All mosaics and paintings were covered by plaster because of Islamic code - Instead, the walls were decorated with calligraphy and wood carvings Slide 5: Remained a mosque until the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century Then finally changed to the Ayasofya Museum in 1935 under President Kemal Ataturk - Now, The Hagia Sophia is one of the most advanced monuments since the fall of Rome Slide 6: - Its influence, was widespread from Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Muslim worlds - To Christians, it was the Hagia Sophia, Church of the Holy Wisdom and Mother Church of the Orthodox faith- To Muslims, it became Mosque of Holy Wisdom and Jewel of Istanbul - It is one of the greatest example of Byzantine architecture Slide 7: Wikipedia. "Hagia Sophia." . 13 10. 2006. . 15 10. 2006 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia>. Highlights of Istanbul. . 10 10. 2006 <http://www.guideistanbul.net/ayasofya.htm>. . "Hagia Sophia." . 25 11. 2005. Islamic Architecture . 10 10. 2006 <http://www.islamicarchitecture.org/architecture/monuments/hagia.sophia.html >. Nelson, Robert. Hagia Sophia 1850-1950 Holy Wisdom Modern Monument : University of Chicago Press Bibliography

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