Gymnastics Vault

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Information about Gymnastics Vault

Published on August 27, 2008

Author: emilialt


THE VAULT : THE VAULT MUSCLES USED WHEN PERFORMING A GYMNASTICS VAULT ROUTINE What is the vault? : What is the vault? Vault is an event in artistic gymnastics that both men and women perform. All gymnasts vault over a piece of apparatus called the table, a slightly-inclined, metal piece of equipment with a padded and springy cover. Types of Vaults : Types of Vaults Vaults are divided into five different groups, called families. The most common families performed are the front handspring style, the 1/4 turn in pre-flight (Tsukahara), and the round-off entry (often called Yurchenko-style). The Phases of a Vault : The Phases of a Vault Gymnasts perform five distinct phases to every vault: The Run- Gymnasts begin at the end of a runway approximately 82 feet or less from the table They then run towards the table, building up speed as they go. When they are about 3-6 feet from the springboard, they perform a hurdle or round-off onto the springboard. The Pre-Flight- This is the time between when a gymnast hits the springboard and when she/he makes contact with the table. Contact with the Table- A gymnast touches the table, and then pushes off with his or her hands as forcefully as possible to propel his or her body into the air. The Post-Flight- This is the most exciting part of the vault. The gymnast has pushed off the table and is now in the air, usually performing flips and twists before s/he lands. The Landing- The gymnast makes contact with the ground at the completion of the vault. Famous Vault Gymnasts : Famous Vault Gymnasts Nastia Liukin 2008 Olympics Gold Medalist Shawn Johnson 2008 Olympics Silver Medalist Muscles Used in a Vault : Muscles Used in a Vault Primary muscles: shoulders, calves, chest, latissimus dorsi, quadriceps, forearms, triceps, erector spinae and hip flexors Assistance muscles: abdominals (rectus abdominus), obliques, biceps, hip adductors, hamstrings and gluteus muscles Slide 7: Slow twitch muscles include the muscles from the waist up, including abdominals, pectoral muscles (chest), deltoids, latissimus dorsi, arms (biceps & triceps) and back. Fast and Slow Twitch Muscles Fast twitch muscles include the muscles from the waist down, including the legs (hamstrings, fibularis longis, patellar, fibularis, gastrocnemius, soleus), gluteus maximus, The Training Involved : The Training Involved Video of Perla Ramirez Trainer of Mexico’s Jr. Olympics Gymnastics Team -vault exercises and drills to build body tightness and arm lifts -running on regular basis to improve speed -typical competitive gymnasts practice 20-30 hours a week -training often begins between the ages of 3 and 5 THE END : THE END This presentation was brought to you by Jess Hogan and Emily Thrasher Period 2 Human Anatomy, Ms. Krotz

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