GWP - Cambodia

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Information about GWP - Cambodia

Published on November 27, 2008

Author: vicmanlapaz

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Regional Conference for Southeast Asia on Rainwater Harvesting in IWRM: An ExChange of

Policies and Learnings

November 25-26, 2008
Davao City

PaBCaédKUrTwkkm<úCa Cambodian Water Partnership (CamboWP) Cambodia National Mekong Committee

RbB½næbNþajClsaRsþenARbeTskm<úCa Total area of 181,035 Km2

Over 20 years, Cambodia experienced untold suffering and destruction caused by internally and externally induced wars, genocide and internal conflict. As a result of civil strife, Cambodia was left with more than its fair share of vulnerable groups and development problems. Rural water supply and sanitation has been an integral part of the Government’s overall strategy for rural development and poverty reduction. The Royal Government of Cambodia focuses on providing all citizens with clean and safe water, protecting all citizens from water related diseases, providing adequate water supply to ensure food security economic activities and appropriate living standards. Increasing the proportion of rural population with access to safe water to 50% in 2015 Introduction

Irrigation & Rainwater Storage

Seasonal Rainwater Situation in Cambodia

Observation Dry season shortages occur as a result of the rainfall seasonality, concentration of extractions in the driest period and drought events during the onset of the wet season. Rainy season is flooded in some provinces. Traditional way in using and storing rainwater (rural people) No man made large scale water reservoirs and limited possibility Focus on irrigation -Inadequate water management infrastructure -Shortage of technical staffs -Inadequate Operation and Maintenance due to low technical and financial capability (sustainability is at stake)

Dry season shortages occur as a result of the rainfall seasonality, concentration of extractions in the driest period and drought events during the onset of the wet season.

Rainy season is flooded in some provinces.

Traditional way in using and storing rainwater (rural people)

No man made large scale water reservoirs and limited possibility

Focus on irrigation

-Inadequate water management infrastructure

-Shortage of technical staffs

-Inadequate Operation and Maintenance due to low technical

and financial capability (sustainability is at stake)

Challenges Climate change Fast economic growth in the country and in the region Weak institutional capability Highly dependant on natural conditions More than 80 % of the population are rural and >34% are under poverty line Severe shortage of man power in water sector Highly dependant on foreign financial and technical sources

Climate change

Fast economic growth in the country and in the region

Weak institutional capability

Highly dependant on natural conditions

More than 80 % of the population are rural and >34% are under poverty line

Severe shortage of man power in water sector

Highly dependant on foreign financial and technical sources

What are the main challenges ahead? Maintaining the RESOURCE BASE, both surface and groundwater and biodiversity. Water and sanitation for PEOPLE, Rainfall and irrigation water for FOOD Water for the economic functions of ECOSYSTEMS

sU m G r Ku N Thanks for your attention

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