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Information about GWP 3

Published on November 2, 2016

Author: Lohith_hrd


1. Group Dynamics & Initial Phase in Social Group Work Jc Lohith Shetty PGDPM, MSW, MBA, NET Asst Professor St Aloysius College (Autonomous) Trainer – Junior Chamber International President - 2014, JCI Mangalore Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

2. Characteristics of Initial Phase & role of Social Worker I. Table II. Chart III.Power Point IV.Collage Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

3. • Statutory Instructions: • This is not a study material & only a teaching aid. • There is constant changes made to this teaching material & those changes are not updated in Slide Share. • This slide is prepared as teaching aid only, so it can be understood & interpreted rightly only after attending my classes. Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

4. Group Dynamics: • They are the roles and acts that take shape as members interact with each other. • These behaviours or forces influence the attitude. • This can be accidental or through choice and keep changing. • What is the importance of the study of such group dynamics. Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

5. Interaction and Communication: • Natural phenomenon – begin when people come face to face. • Communication is the ability of a person to convey ideas, facts and feelings. • Interaction and communication should be person central / issue central.Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

6. Benefits of good communication and interaction in group: ❑Relaxes members ❑Develops Team work ❑Enables effective Problem Solving ❑Facilitates Healthy environment ❑Support effective Leadership ❑Healthy Decision making Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

7. Disadvantages of poor communication: ❖Cohesiveness ❖Role conflicts observed ❖Hindrance by objective clashes ❖Develops Conflicts ❖Repetition of activity ❖Unclear goals hurdle growth ❖Uncertainty of Activities Leeds to low achievementLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

8. Factors influencing Communication & interaction: ▪ Nature of the group ▪ Size and activities ▪ Age, gender, region etc ▪ Nature of group members ▪ Nature of leadership ▪ Group size How to overcome communication barriers: -Group Discussion- Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

9. Role of Group Worker: Interaction • Control the interaction and communication • Develop communication effectively and Capacity • Train on communication • Train on leadership • Overcome barriers • Use of attractive means of communication • Improve communication skills Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

10. Role: ➢“Expected behaviour for a given position” ➢Different roles can be expected at Same times ➢Roles are assumed, expected or assigned ➢Roles are assumed – Rightly - Wrongly ➢SGW should engage members to identify their roles ➢SGW should Develop positive roles ➢SGW should Eliminate negative roles ➢ Importance of role clarity is needed in SGW to reach task, goal ➢Role enables Focused work to maintain the group Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

11. Roles are of two kinds – Benne and Sheate (1948) Task roles Maintenance role Role of group members a) Facilitation c) Co-ordination e) Delegation of responsibilities g) Group control b) Support d) Participation f) Leadership h) Approval or rejection Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

12. Challenges to be faced in role allotment a) Role overload c) Role conflict e) Stereotype roles g) Ego and social status b) Role ambiguity d) Rigid roles f) Roles hurting Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

13. Characteristics – Meaning:- Bond • Close relationship • Willingness on the part of the members to stay in groups • Members enjoy being in group & try to be in group longer • Smooth interaction and relationship • Members are very participative • Provide Strong support to each other • Group become highly result oriented • No conflict, confusion, sub-groups • Common interests and focused goalsLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

14. Advantages of Relationship and Bond: 1. It influences the interaction 2. It gives rise to emotional attachment 3. Influence inter personal interaction 4. Members need for affiliation, recognition and security is met 5. Increase power to take important decisions 6. Satisfaction on participation ...Contd... Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

15. Advantages of relationship and Bond: Contd... 7. Reconciliation of disagreements 8. Helps others to get into interaction 9. Facilitate positive or friendly remarks 10. Leeds to individual action and goal achievement 11. Better team work develops 12. Increased willingness to take responsibilities 13. Willingness to express the group feelings increase 14. Growth of members by improved – self confidence – self esteem – personal adjustment Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

16. Advantages:: Bond o Improved goal attainment o Willingness to take responsibility develop o Better caring, and listening increase o Good Team Work o Increase ability to take feedback and improve o Develop higher commitment and satisfaction o Enrich self confidence and better personal adjustment o Regularity and no absenteeism can be observed Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

17. How to improve interpersonal relationship: R Understand role and responsibility of each other and respect others E Expect less and give more L Love and affection must be unconditional A Appreciate more and criticize less T Trust all, Talk less & listen more I Involve others in work and activities O Oblige to other’s need, open mind to others view N Change negative attitude towards others to positive S Share your feelings and resources H Have common hobbies I Don’t insult people P Pardon others, Use punishment as last option Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

18. How to increase cohesion: ✓ Caring leadership ✓ Flexible and acceptable norms ✓ Clarity of goals ✓ Focused action ✓ Motivation ✓ Recognition ✓ Common interest – membership ✓ Age, gender, qualification (CBSE/SSLC) ✓ Region, similar social background, problem etc. ✓ Constant training ✓ Workers involvement and guidanceLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

19. Eight steps to improve your understanding of others: 1. Self awareness is important. 2. When meeting someone for the first time resist making your mind up about him or her too soon. 3. Don’t be too influenced by first impression. Avoid stereotyping people based on their accent and physical appearance or because they remind you of someone else. 4. Actively listen to the other person, be interested in what he or she has to say. 5. Be aware that people behave differently in different situation. 6. Avoid looking favourably on people just because they come from the same town social class colour etc. 7. Try to be influenced by people’s positive points as well as their negative points. 8. Judge others after you have heard what they say.Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

20. Decision making: Importance ❖Better achievement of goals ❖Faster completion ❖Avoid wastage ❖Proper delegation of responsibilities ❖Co ordinated effort ❖Avoids duplication ❖Avoids misunderstanding and conflicts ❖Promotes democratic participation Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

21. Techniques for good decision making: • Decisions should be based on facts • Decision should be based on goals / objectives • Decision should be taken by common interest • Decision making follows democratic policy and respects the principle of liberty • Decision may be bad and destructive • Timely decision is highly effective • Hurried decision leads to complications • Decision making to be based on prioritisation • Decentralizations will be effective for D MLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

22. Conflict: ➢Conflicts may arise in wide variety – between individuals – member and group leader and members – leader and leader – sub group and sub group – leader and group worker. ➢ Generally conflicts start at the middle stage or working stage. Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

23. Reasons for conflict: 1) Misunderstanding 2) Miscommunication 3) Ego 4) Lack of trust 5) Ideological differences 6) Power – struggle 7) Leadership crisisLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

24. Conflict Resolution: I. Confrontation – face to face talk and bringing facts to light. II. Integration: arrive at common consensus. III. Sub-jugation – will full silence IV. Withdrawal – keep them away V. Compromising – suggestion persuading, accepting VI. Passive conflict resolution VII. Win-win VIII. Structural problem solving – use third party IX. Select better alternative X. Preventing conflict Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

25. Steps in Conflict resolution: a) Calm down b) Openly share and listen – identify differences c) List out the possible solutions d) Identify pro and cons of solution e) Adopt effective solution f) Implementing g) Review and follow-up Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

26. Leadership: Characteristics: • Leadership is to facilitation group functioning • Without leadership – no order – conflicts – no focus - wastage – confusion – no initiation – delay • Task oriented leaders • Transformative leadership E:Persentation MaterialsLeadership &Team WorkLeadership.pptx Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

27. Sub-groups: Characteristics: • Members of sub groups interact more with each other than with others. • There is high bond among its members. • The interest of the sub-group is primary and the group goals are seemed secondary. • They can be positive or destructive to the group. Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

28. Sub-group - Reason: They occur because members do not interact with equal degree, because 1) Of interpersonal attraction 2) emotional bond among members 3) Alliance are more stronger among some members 4) Common interest 5) Acceptance and approval by few 6) Group size 7) Language 8) Cultural similarities 9) Locality 10) Prior / pre group formation – friendshipLohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

29. Isolation characteristics: Isolates are not attached to the group or sub group – rejected attitude and criticism – non adoption of goals – low participation – remain silent during the sessions – Not attractive to the group – indicate poor bond.Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

30. How to Overcome Isolation: 1) Lack of interest 2) Handle Inferiority complex 3) Reflection 4) Motivation 5) Appreciation 6) Effective leadership 7) Clarify goals doubts, etc 8) Create trust 9) Collect opinion 10) Periodic evaluation Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

31. Scape goat: • Scape goats are Blamed/ Criticised or Punished . Why - Too quite • Don’t express feelings • Pre occupied with problem • New comer • Passive listening • Isolation Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

32. Affects on the group – scape goat: • Not attached to group • Poor achievement • Diversion from purpose • Low participation • Poor bond Lohith Sterry, Asst Prof, St Aloycius

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