Gunung padang case study-The Prehistoric Cultures: Are they primitive?

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Information about Gunung padang case study-The Prehistoric Cultures: Are they primitive?
Education

Published on March 17, 2014

Author: erickridzky

Source: slideshare.net

Description

• TO UNDERSTAND BARELY KNOWN PREHISTORIC
CULTURES WE NEED TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT
THE CONCEPT OF LIFE AND NATURAL CYCLES

• EMERGING EVIDENCES OF ADVANCE CULTURES
PRE-HISTORIC TIME, SUCH AS GUNUNG PADANG
CASE, PROVES OUR CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF
OUR ANCESTORS IS INACCURATE

• TO STUDY EVIDENCE SUCH AS LARGE
MONUMENT OF ANCIENT CULTURES NEED
INTEGRATED MUKTI DISIPLINARY FIELDS AND
STATE OF ART TECHNIQUES

THE PRE-HISTORIC CULTURES Are they primitive? Danny Hilman Natawidjaja Tim Terpadu Riset Mandiri (Integrated and Independent Research Team) of Gunung Padang World Culture Forum, 26 November 2013, Bali CASE STUDY FROM GUNUNG PADANG MEGALITHIC SITE WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

CONCEPT OF WORLD CIVILIZATION • ONE WORLD CULTURES DEVELOP SLOWLY FROM THE STONE AGE ABOUT 11,000 YEARS AGO (always primitive stone ages/ hunterer and gatherers since 195,000 up to 11,000 years ago ) • OUR NEW HYPHOTHESIS: There are CYCLES OF CULTURES DUE TO TOTAL ANNIHILATION BY PERIODIC GLOBAL CATASTROPHIC EVENTS. The 11,000 years ago was when our civilization cycle started

GLOBAL POPULATION GROWTH SINCE THE BEGINNING OF AD IF WE EXTRAPOLATE THE LINEAR TREND BACK THEN ZERO POPULATION OCCURED AT ABOUT 3000 YEARS BC BUT HUMAN RACE APPEARS ON EARTH SINCE 195,000 YEARS AGO! HOW’S THAT POSSIBLE? YEARS AD POPULATION

IN EARTH SCIENCES WE KNOW THAT: • NATURAL PROCESSES ARE FREQUENTLY TERMINATED BY THE UNCONFORMITIES DUE TO SUDDEN EVENTS OR ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES • IN FACT, MOST OF THE EARTH STORIES LOST IN THE UNCONFORMITY HORIZONS • DOES IT ALSO OCCUR IN OUR HISTORY?

20130240340440 Homo Sapiens Homo Erectus TOBA ERUPTION GLOBAL SEA-LEVEL/COLD-WARM CYCLES AND THE HUMAN RACE 195,000 yr ago OUR WARM CLIMATE

~ 4-5oC cooling? Vegetation collapse for ~3,000 years? Courtesy: Mike Gagan, ANU Carbon Isotope Data from Flores: TOBA ERUPTION KILLED ALL GREEN VEGETATIONS IN INDONESIA

The STORY OF HOBBITS From Liang Bua, Flores (2007 excavation) Courtesy: Mike Gagan, ANU

HOBBIT People appeared since 95.000 years ago and Suddenly dissepeared in about 11,600 years ago. WHAT HAPPEN? Westaway et al. (2009) Hobbi t

Melt Water Pulse (MWP) 1a Melt Water Pulse (MWP) 1b THE 11,600 YEARS AGO IS THE END OF THE YOUNGER DRYAS (END OF PLEISTOCENE) Oksigen Isotop (Delta 18O) dari sampel es coring GRIP – Greenland (Dansgard dkk, 1993)dan data gas Methan(Blunier dkk, 1993; Chappellaz, 1993) untuk masa akhir Jaman Glasial. COLD HOT

CORAL DATA FROM BARBADOS ISLAND : SUDDEN SEA LEVEL RISE IN 11,600 YEARS AGO AGE YEARS AGO (X1000) RELATIVESEA-LEVELHEIGHTS(METER)

150.000 100.000 50.000 20.000 10.000 0 YEARS AGO TOBA GREAT FLOODS MAXIMUMGLACIAL MANINJAU G.SUNDA MAXIMAMGLACIAL 70.000 PERIODS OF LOTS OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITIES GLOBAL CATASTROPHIC EVENTS AND POPULATION CYCLES

WHAT CAN BE A PROOF OF AN ANCIENT ADVANCE CIVILIZATION? • ANY SIGN OF ADVANCE CULTURE FROM THE ANCIENT TIME, LIKE A GREAT MONUMENT

SITUS

METHODOLOGY • Remote sensing • Surface Geology •Archeology •Geomagnetic • Ground Penetrating Radar • Electrical Resistivity •Seismic Tomography •Bor sampling •LAB: Petrology, Carbon dating, etc •Architectural analysis

MAHKOTA DUNIA (CROWN OF THE WORLD) SINGGASANA (THRONE) MASIGIT

NATURAL: • Orientation of column at righ angle to bedding • diameters of columns are similar size • no filling between columns (tights) Un-natural pile of rock columns GIANT CAUSEWAY – NORTH IRELAND, UK

DATA FROM BALAI ARKEOLOGI TRENCHING YEAR 2005 ON TERRACE 1 TERLIHAT ADA LAPISAN SUSUNAN BATU KOLOM – ARAH SESUAI DENGAN YANG TERLIHAT DI DINDING LUAR, JUGA DIBUNGKUS/DIISI DIANTARANYA OLEH MATERIAL HALUS YANG DISEBUT OLEH BALAR/ARKENAS SEBAGAI KERAK LEMPUNG ALAMIAH (= BUKAN ‘SEMEN’) . LAPISAN BATU KOLOM DI BAWAH TANAH INI DIANGGAP SUMBER BATUAN ALAMIAHNYA

SOILS WITH CHUNKS OF COLUMNAR ROCKS BURIED THE CONSTRUCTIONS ARCHEOLOGICAL TEST PIT, DR. ALI AKBAR, UNIVERSITY OF INDONESIA 2013 - TTRM

DRILL_CORE 1 Drill CORE 1 – TERRACE 3 MASSIF LAVA AS ABOVE LAYERS OF COLUMNAR ROCKS 1 2 3A 3B 4 15 M DEPTH

NORTH ----- SOUTH

Terrace-5Terrace-4Terrace-3Terrace-2 Terrace-1 RAMP GPR Section From North to South crossing the Site GSSI Sir-20 with MLF Antenna – 40 MHz 0 5 10 15 20 m

RESISTIVITY SECTION NORTH to SOUTH LANDEAN PAPATUK TONGGONG ELUK BEUTEUNG TADAH SELUT Water aquifer Spacing Electrode = 8 m, 56 electrode

Layer-1 Layer-2 Layer-3 Layer-4 Spacing Electrode = 3 m, 112 electrode

PALEOSOIL PRE-LAYER 4 BEDROCK GEOLOGY THE CAVE MAY BE INITIALLY FORMED AS NATURAL LAVA TUNNEL

PALEOSOIL PRE-LAYER 4 BEDROCK GEOLOGY

BANGUNAN LAYER 1 BANGUNAN LAYER 2

GUNUNG PADANG GEO-ELECTRIC 3D SURVEY 23 Januari 2012 NO TOPOGRAPHY CORRECTION VERY HIGH RESISTIVITY BODIES

AFTER TOPOGRAPHY CORRECTION VERY HIGH RESISTIVITY BODIES GUNUNG PADANG GEO-ELECTRIC 3D SURVEY 23 Januari 2012

Frekuensi 1552Hz (Iterasi 311) λ ≈ 1.29 m Velocity Awal 418m/s CHAMBER SEISMIC TOMOGRAPHY SURVEY DR.ENG BAGUS ENDAR

PENAMPANG GEOLISTRIK BARAT - TIMUR CHAMBER

BATAN: 6700 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 4700 DRILL CORE-1 4-5 m BETA ANALITIC= 13.510 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 14.780 11.15 m 16m CARBON DATING

BETA ANALITIC 8710 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 7720 3.90 m BETA ANALITIC= 19.400 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 21.350 11.30 m BATAN: 13.600 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 11.600 8-10 m BETA ANALITIC 22.770 BP Carbon age = ~ Cal.BC 25.040-25.920 7.5 m DRILL CORE 2 CARBON DATING BATAN: 2500 yr BP/500 yr BC

PON PURAJATNIKA, 2000 SUNGAI CIKUTA INITIAL ARCHITECTURE DESIGN OF LAYER 1

INITIAL ARCHITECTURE MODEL OF LAYER 2 Design By PON PURAJATNIKA

INITIAL ARCHITECTURE MODEL OF LAYER 2 Design By PON PURAJATNIKA

SIGNIFICANCE OF GUNUNG PADANG TO THE PRE-HISTORY OF INDONESIA & ASIAN CULTURES

MODELS OF THE PRE HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION OF INDONESIA AND ASIA A. Out of Taiwan/ OOT (Robert Blust & Peter Bellwood,1995 - Linguistics) B. Nusantao Maritim Trading and Communication Network / NMTCN (Wilhelm Solheim,2000 - archeology) & Out of Sundaland (S. Oppenheimer & Martin Richards – Genetics & Anthropology)

SEA-LEVEL CHANGES AND DISSASTERS IN THE PAST 20.000 YEARS AND THE MISTERY OF HUMAN DECLINE AND GROWTH Early Prehistoric Oldest Pyramid Modern world 0 AD Present Seal Level Sea-level 20,000 BP Sea-level 11,000 BP Late Prehistoric INTENSE VOLCANISMS ?

ANCIENT SUNDALAND North Sunda River South Sunda River Referensi :http://sahultime.monash.edu.au/explore.html

KALIMANTAN JAWA MALAYSIA SULAWESI PRESENT INDONESIA ISLAND ARC Referensi :http://sahultime.monash.edu.au/explore.html

CONCLUDING REMARKS • TO UNDERSTAND BARELY KNOWN PREHISTORIC CULTURES WE NEED TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE CONCEPT OF LIFE AND NATURAL CYCLES • EMERGING EVIDENCES OF ADVANCE CULTURES PRE-HISTORIC TIME, SUCH AS GUNUNG PADANG CASE, PROVES OUR CURRENT KNOWLEDGE OF OUR ANCESTORS IS INACCURATE • TO STUDY EVIDENCE SUCH AS LARGE MONUMENT OF ANCIENT CULTURES NEED INTEGRATED MUKTI DISIPLINARY FIELDS AND STATE OF ART TECHNIQUES

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