guineapigs

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Information about guineapigs
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Published on January 13, 2008

Author: Raffaele

Source: authorstream.com

GUINEA PIG MANAGEMENT:  GUINEA PIG MANAGEMENT Cavia porcellus Origin:  Origin Cavia porcellus – domesticated Cavia aperia – wild wild – Peru, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay also known as Cavies domesticated 16th century – England Varieties of Guinea Pigs:  Varieties of Guinea Pigs Traditional American or English – short hair Abyssinian – whorls of short rough hair Peruvian – long hair Varieties of Guinea Pigs:  Varieties of Guinea Pigs New varieties Silky – medium length soft hair Teddy – short, coarse hair American Crested – short hair with contrasting whorl on forehead Rex – very short, soft hair Hairless Traditional varieties of guinea pigs:  Traditional varieties of guinea pigs American – short hair:  American – short hair Abyssinian – whorls of short hair:  Abyssinian – whorls of short hair Peruvian – long hair:  Peruvian – long hair New varieties of guinea pigs:  New varieties of guinea pigs Silky – soft, medium hair:  Silky – soft, medium hair Teddy – short, coarse hair:  Teddy – short, coarse hair American crested – contrasting whorl on head:  American crested – contrasting whorl on head Rex – very short, soft hair:  Rex – very short, soft hair Hairless – (well, almost):  Hairless – (well, almost) Basic Guinea Pig:  Basic Guinea Pig compact stocky body tailless diurnal – actually short naps night and day sebaceous marking glands - rump open rooted teeth  Additional characteristics:  Additional characteristics vocalize – at least 11 sounds good swimmers seldom jump rarely bite or scratch need frequent handling lifespan – 5 yr average, ~8 yr max. Uses of Guinea Pigs:  Uses of Guinea Pigs Pets Scientific research Food Home Sweet Home:  Home Sweet Home Temperature: 70, 65 – 79 Space < 350 gm 60 sq. in. > 350 gm 101 sq. in. max size 1.2 x 3.8 cm mesh or solid Home Sweet Home:  Home Sweet Home Bedding wood shavings – not cedar, pine shredded paper not dusty timothy hay overlay optional clean weekly Home Sweet Home:  Home Sweet Home Humidity 50%; 40 – 70 Light cycle 12:12 Air changes 10 – 15 per hour Digestive System:  Digestive System Strict herbivores Hind gut fermenters – cecum Lactobacilli sp. primary fatty acid – propionic acid NUTRITION:  NUTRITION require vitamin C have higher folic acid requirement sensitive to excess Ca, Vit. A, Vit. D leads to metastatic calcification mineralization of soft tissues Feeding:  Feeding Additional Requirements ~ 6 gm feed/100 gm body weight 18-20 % protein 10-16 % crude fiber Use guinea pig feed!!! NOT RABBIT FEED no vit. C and high in vit. D Feeding Management:  Feeding Management Messy feeders Use J-feeders not bowl Water Management:  Water Management Glass/clear bottles preferred Like to play with waterers will empty water bottle and/or stop up the opening check frequently Change & Clean water bottle daily Automatic waterers check daily; acidify water at source reduces pseudomonas Water Management:  Water Management Glass/clear bottles preferred Like to play with waterers will empty water bottle and/or stop up the opening check frequently Change & Clean water bottle daily Automatic waterers check daily; acidify water at source reduces pseudomonas Water Management:  Water Management Glass/clear bottles preferred Like to play with waterers will empty water bottle and/or stop up the opening check frequently Change & Clean water bottle daily Automatic waterers check daily; acidify water at source reduces pseudomonas REPRODUCTION:  REPRODUCTION age to sexual maturity 68-70 estrous cycle 15-17 days gestation 59-72 days SEXING:  SEXING male: straight slit female: Y-shaped SEXING male: straight slit:  SEXING male: straight slit SEXING female: Y-shaped:  SEXING female: Y-shaped BREEDING:  BREEDING females pair at 400gm; 2-3 months males pair at 600 gm; 3-4 months breed females before 6 months otherwise pubic symphysis fuses must relax at parturition Care of Young:  Care of Young precocial – born furred, eyes open, teeth erupted walking within 2 hours two nipples – inguinal region can care for four young litters 3-4 (range 1-6) Care of Young:  Care of Young milk 3.9% fat 8.1% protein 3.0% lactose DISEASES:  DISEASES genetic infectious environmental nutritional others DISEASES:  DISEASES malocclusion – over growth of teeth causes environmental inadequate opportunity wear down teeth genetic teeth do not meet properly in guinea pigs lower premolars may be tilted inward eventually tongue is trapped INFECTIOUS DISEASES:  INFECTIOUS DISEASES Bordetella bronchiseptica - pneumonia do not house with subclinical carriers rabbits, cats, dogs other infectious diseases are much less common OTHER DISEASES:  OTHER DISEASES vitamin C deficiency – scurvy metastatic calcification mineralization of soft tissues heat stroke 85º F+, high humidity, lack of ventilation barbering small bald patches Public Health Risks:  Public Health Risks minimal diseases guinea pigs may carry Bordetella, Salmonella, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, Streptococcus

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