Published on February 17, 2014
Setting Standards for Sustainable Tourism LANITH Symposium 14 February 2014
What is the GSTC? The leading global authority for standards for sustainable travel & tourism A unique organization, without competitors
What is GSTC? • An independent, non-profit, truly global organization supported by volunteer experts and supporters of sustainability in travel and tourism • Supported by diverse organizations: The United Nations: UNWTO, UNEP, UN Foundation Private Sector: TUI, Sabre, Royal Caribbean, many more Trade Associations: ATTA, PATA, ASTA, ANVR NGOs: Rainforest Alliance, Conservation Int’l, many more
Why GSTC? • 1 in 2 consumers would be willing to book a more sustainable holiday if available (TUI Travel global research 2010) • 2 in 3 consumers would change their behavior on holiday to help the environment (TUI Travel global research 2010)
GSTC’s Core Activities: • Criteria for Sustainability • “Certify the Certifiers” • Destinations • Education & Training • Advocacy for sustainability in travel & tourism
GSTC Sustainable Criteria Overview • There are 2 sets of Criteria: 41 criteria for Destinations 37 criteria for Hotels & Tour Operators • 4 categories of criteria in each set: Destination Management Community Economic Benefit Community Social Benefit Environmental Protection
Certification Framework GSTC sets standards Certification Bodies become GSTC-Recognized Travel Retailers get certified as “sustainable”
The GSTC Sustainable Criteria for Hotels & Tour Operators
Demonstrate effective sustainable management • Long-term sustainable management system • Staff guidance and training
Demonstrate effective sustainable management • Compliance with international/local legislation • Compliance with local communal/indigenous rights
Demonstrate effective sustainable management • Building (design, construction, operation, demolition) compliance with law and regulations respect natural & cultural heritage sustainable accessible
Demonstrate effective sustainable management • Customer satisfaction • Accurate promotion • Natural & cultural heritage awareness
Social and economic benefits to the local community • Community development • Local goods and services • Local entrepreneurship
Social and economic benefits to the local community • Equal employment opportunities for local people/minorities women • Social protection and living wage • No exploitation, no harassment
Social and economic benefits to the local community • Respectful conduct with local communities • No restriction of local people access to food/water energy/housing healthcare/sanitation livelihood transport
Benefits to cultural heritage • • • • Code of behavior for visits No illegal trade Protection & preservation Local art, architecture, culture
Benefits to the environment • Conserving resources Sustainable purchasing policies Less disposable goods Energy consumption (& renewable energies) Water consumption
Benefits to the environment • Reducing pollution Greenhouse gas emissions Wastewater Waste Harmful substances Other kinds of pollution (noise, light, runoff, erosion, …)
Benefits to the environment • Conserving biodiversity, ecosystems and landscapes Regulated consumption/trade of wildlife species No illegal wildlife captivity No introduction of invasive aliens species Biodiversity conservation Minimize disturbance for natural ecosystems
Next step - Adapt those standards to create our own sets of criteria, - Get recognized/approved by GSTC - Influence stakeholders to modify their practices and join the movment.
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