Published on September 24, 2015
1. New Born
2. Reflexes Newborn spends about 16 hours a day sleeping, During the waking hours a y’s a tions are ased on reflexes. The baby does not purposefully make these movements, these reflexes give way to purposeful behaviors. Reflexes in newborns: Suck Reflex • The baby will begin to suck when the roof of the baby's mouth is touched with the breast or bottle nipple. until about • Premature babies may have weak sucking ability because this reflex starts developing around 32nd week of pregnancy and is not fully developed until about 36 weeks. Root reflex • This reflex occurs when the corner of the baby's mouth is stroked or touched. The baby will turn his or her head bottle. opens his or her mouth to follow and "root" in the direction of the stroking. The root reflex helps the baby find the breast or Tonic neck reflex • When a baby's head is turned to one side, the arm on that side stretches out and the opposite arm bends up at the elbow. This is often called the "fencing" position The tonic neck reflex lasts until the baby is about 6 to 7 months old.
3. Moro reflex • The Moro reflex is often called a startle reflex because it usually occurs when a baby is startled by a loud sound or movement. In response to the sound, the baby throws back his or her head, throws out his or her arms and legs, cries, then pulls his or her arms and legs back in. Sometimes, a baby's own cries can startle him or her, initiating this reflex. The Moro reflex lasts until the baby is about 5 to 6 months old. Grasp reflex • Stroking the palm of a baby's hand causes the baby to close his or her fingers in a grasp. • The grasp reflex lasts only a couple of months and is stronger in premature babies. Babinski Reflex • The big toe bends back toward the top of the foot and the other toes fans out when the sole of the foot is stroked. This is a normal reflex until the child is about 2 years old. Step Reflex • This reflex is also called the walking or dance reflex because a baby appears to take steps or dance when held upright with his or her feet touching a solid surface. Reflexes
4. Should gain 1 ounce per day after 2 weeks Average gain of 1.5 inches Slightly less than 1 inch more than birth measurement by the end of the first month Babies usually lose weight during first 2-3 days after birth but soon they catch up and surpass their birth weight by the first month itself.
5. Apart from unique reflexes, newborns have some physical characteristics and behaviors that include the following: • Head sags when lifted up, needs to be supported • Eyes are sometimes uncoordinated, may look cross- eyed • Initially fixes eyes on a face or light then begins to follow a moving object • Jerky, erratic movements • Moves hands to mouth
6. At this early age, crying is a baby's only form of communication. At first, all of a baby's cries sound similar, but parents soon recognize different types of cries for hunger, discomfort, frustration, fatigue, and even loneliness. Sometimes, a baby's cries can easily be answered with a feeding, or a diaper change. Other times, the cause of the crying can be a mystery and crying stops as quickly as it begins.
7. Baby responds in many ways, including the following: • Startles at sudden noises • Gives attention to voices, may turn to a sound • Hints of a smile, especially during sleep
8. • Hold your baby face to face. • Talk in a soothing tone and let your baby hear your affectionate and friendly voice. • Respond to your baby's cries with a comforting touch and words as quickly as possible to help your baby learn to trust you and rely on you for love and security. • Sing to your baby. • Walk with your baby in a sling, carrier, or a stroller. • Swaddle your baby in a soft blanket to help him or her feel secure and prevent startling by the baby's own movements. • Rock your baby in a rhythmic, gentle motion
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