advertisement

Gripping Issues

50 %
50 %
advertisement
Information about Gripping Issues
Education

Published on May 11, 2007

Author: Noble

Source: authorstream.com

advertisement

Gripping IssuesbyThe Shoreline Occupational Therapy Stafflast updated March 2004:  Gripping Issues by The Shoreline Occupational Therapy Staff last updated March 2004 What do you see?:  What do you see? Child has a tight grip. (No space between thumb and fingers) Child holds pencil within the palm. Child’s thumb wraps around fingers on the tool. Or fingers wrap the thumb. Child’s hand tires easily. Child cannot change his way of holding the tool. Wrist is bent down. Hand and arm “float” in the air while writing. Do you see this?:  Do you see this? Why?:  Why? Grip patterns may be immature. Muscles within the hand do not work in concert. Grip patterns are developed through exposure to manipulatives and large motor activities. Grip patterns are habit based as a result of the above. Grip patterns are almost impossible to change as they are HABIT based. These grip patterns are observed in ALL ages, preschool through adult. The optimal time to change these patterns is preschool through 3rd grade, however, as the child ages, it is easier to change a habit when engaged in learning a new activity. What it should look like::  What it should look like: Wrist bent up-see #1 (when arm is on table, hand is bent upward) Open web space-see #2 (circle between thumb and fingers) Fingers and thumb move the tool 2 1 2 other good grips:  2 other good grips Quadrapod 3 fingers and thumb direct the tool Maintains position of wrist and open web space Adapted tripod 2 fingers and thumb direct the tool Maintains position of wrist and open web space How does grip effect output?:  How does grip effect output? If the wrist is bent down or the fingers not moving, a child engaged in writing tasks will have: Difficulty controlling the tool if the writing space is too large Too tight or too loose grasp on pencil effecting pressure on the paper or into the tool Letter forms which are distorted due to poor motor control Decreased output in speed as well as volume Fatigue more quickly than his peers *Child may shake or rub hands frequently during writing (motor) *Child may refuse to write or take a lot of “breaks” (cognitive/social) Keep in Mind:  Keep in Mind Habits are very hard to break This habit was likely formed several years before the child entered school The best time to teach a “new” habit is when something new is being learned Know your child’s tolerance level for change Know your own tolerance level for change So, What Now?:  So, What Now? There is a lot you can do All students can benefit There are simple changes which can be made to positively effect the child’s ability to participate in the classroom External Support - Position:  External Support - Position Child seated at desk with feet on the floor To decrease fatigue Desk height appropriate for child (2” above bent elbow when seated at desk) To decrease fatigue Position of paper - slanted to same angle as forearm of writing hand To improve the position of the wrist Upright surface - slant board, chalkboard work, tape paper or project to wall or cupboard space. To improve the position of the wrist Short pencils or crayons (1-2” in length-golf size) For increasing movement within the fingers External support -pencil grips:  External support -pencil grips For placement of fingers on pencil shaft Stickers or rubber band on the pencil shaft Foam gripper to assist with increased pressure on the tool Plastic gripper that helps with where to hold on the length of the tool and with comfort (available in different shapes) Available at Kmart or similar store OR catalog For specific position of thumb and index finger Modeling clay around pencil. Stetro grips identify specific finger position on a tool “The Pencil Grip” promotes correct grip pattern Available: through catalog or at academic aid store Pencil Gripsfor placement for position:  Pencil Grips for placement for position External Support-Size matters! :  External Support-Size matters! If you are writing within a large space (1 inch or more ruled paper, i.e. kindergarten paper), write with a large diameter tool. Ex. Fat crayons, Kindergarten pencil, markers If you are writing within a small space (less than 1 inch, i.e wide or college ruled paper), write with a small diameter tool. Ex. Standard #2 pencil or pen Pre-writing warm-ups:  Pre-writing warm-ups Push hands Pull hands Hug yourself Reach Pre-writing warm upspull up on chair sit up tall get outrageous sit up tall:  Pre-writing warm ups pull up on chair sit up tall get outrageous sit up tall Free Time Activities:  Free Time Activities Small manipulatives that include fingers moving. Example, Jr. Boggle game, pegs and pegboards, building blocks (not necessarily legos), Hi-Ho Cherry-O, marble games, card games, geoboards, spinning tops, dice games Hiding and retrieving small objects from clay An “office station” with tools - templates, staplers, hole punches, tape, paper clips, envelopes, small stickers, etc. Creating with small objects - popcorn, beans, buttons, packing peanuts, toothpicks, marshmallows, etc. Tool use - tongs to transfer items (moving game pieces to a playing place), clothespins, plastic knives to spread or cut, eyedroppers Classroom jobs - spray bottles to water plants, wringing out sponges, wiping down desks, picking up small pieces of paper from the floor, mail into student cubbies or passing out papers References and Resources:  References and Resources Benbow, Mary, Loops and Other Groups, Therapy Skill Builders, 1990. Benbow, Mary, Understanding the Hand from the Inside Out, Developmental Activities Based on Hand Anatomy, Workshop, 1992. Benbow, Mary, Understanding the Hand from the Outside In, Developmental Activities Based on Hand Anatomy, Workshop, 1992. Olsen, Jan, Handwriting Without Tears, 5th ed. published by Jan Z. Olsen, 1999. Knight and Gilpin Decker, Hands at Work and Play, Therapy Skill Builders, 1994 (Another handwriting warm-up available by request) Web pages http://www.swsc.org/littlecrowsped/occupational_therapists.htm Look for the Tidbits articles -especially winter issues www.members.tripod.com/~imaware/fmotor.html www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/schools/beal/readiness/finemotoractivities.html http://www.drawwrite.com/grip.html

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Gripping Issues - Doberman Forum : Doberman Breed Dog Forums

Doberman Forum : Doberman Breed Dog Forums > Doberman Training & Obedience > Obedience, Agility, and Working Sports > Gripping Issues
Read more

Poll finds economy most gripping issue to hit state in 20 ...

It's been 20 years since any issue has gripped Wisconsinites like the economy does now. That's according to the state's Policy Research Institute. Thirty ...
Read more

Gripping issues! - Mustang Evolution

Mustang Evolution > Ford Mustang | Wrenching, Care and General Topics > General Mustang Discussion: Gripping issues!
Read more

HTC One X Facing Wi-Fi issues Due To Inappropriate Gripping?

According to a report by Reghardware, “HTC's quad-core powerhouse, the One X, is said to have been struck with its own grip-of-death problem.
Read more

Your Call: How will voters decide the issues gripping San ...

Your Call: How will voters decide the issues gripping San Francisco and the greater Bay Area?
Read more

Aerosmith Gripping Stuff - 2nd Issue - No Slv UK Promo CD ...

Aerosmith Gripping Stuff - 2nd Issue - No Slv UK Promo CD album (CDLP) Tracklisting / Additional Info: 1. Let The Music Do the Talking 2. My Fist Your Face
Read more

Godrej Refrigerator – Door Gripping problem unresolved ...

... rotten or any other issue. Team, requires your help to resolve the issue as without gripping the refrigerator is of no use.
Read more

Comic Review-Special Forces Issue 1 - firefox.org

Comic Review-Special Forces Issue 1. ... Gripping, smart and relentlessly bleak this is a fantastic book from a creator at the top of his game.
Read more

issue9gripping - zygoteinmycoffee.com

ISSUE #9 $O.OO: May 2004 _____ ... Gripping: by Peter Barr: your explana-stories and melomar-sized sob fests push me away quietly, a self-induced kidnapping,
Read more

The Funnies issues 25 & 26. Features Bob Baker Featured in ...

Read Online The Funnies issues 25 & 26. Features Bob Baker Featured in a Gripping Western Movie 'Border Wolves' Captain Esy, Out Our Way, Alley Oop Reglar ...
Read more