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Published on October 17, 2007

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The Legacies of Ancient Greece:  The Legacies of Ancient Greece What is a legacy?:  What is a legacy? Next Slide Traditions, skills and knowledge of a culture that get passed on to people in the future Something a culture is known for A gift from the past Babe Ruth’s legacy was homerun hitting. The Legacies of Ancient Greece:  The Legacies of Ancient Greece architecture philosophy Olympics epics Greek mythology tragedy comedy trial by jury democracy scientific method Socratic Method theater classification marathon Hippocratic Oath Please click on a button to view more information about that topic. Conclusion Democracy:  Democracy Next Slide Athens developed the first democracy Greek word meaning “power of the people” Democracy in Athens:  Previous Slide Democracy in Athens Main Menu Athens had the first democratic constitution (a set of rules for how the government should run) All men over 20 years old could participate in the Assembly (the lawmaking group) Each year 500 names of citizens were drawn to be on the Council of Five Hundred who ran the daily business of Athens Trial By Jury:  Trial By Jury Main Menu When a group of citizens decides if a person is innocent or guilty of a crime Serving on a jury was a citizen’s duty About 500 jurors for a trial Jurors were paid for service Epics:  Epics Main Menu Long poems written about gods, heroes, and history of a culture Wrote the Illiad about the Trojan War Homer most famous author of Greek epics. The Odyssey about a Trojan War hero, Odysseus Greek Mythology:  Greek Mythology Main Menu Myths are stories about gods & goddesses that were used to explain events in nature Poseidon Hades Hermes Hera Apollo Artemis Hephaestus Athena Demeter Aphrodite Ares Zeus Go to Mythman.com for more on Greek mythology! Theater:  Theater Next Slide Grew out of festivals dedicated to Dionysus and developed into stories that were acted out Theater was carved into a hillside Only male actors but women could watch Plays were performed at festivals and became competitions Actors wore masks to show gender, age & mood Theater:  Theater Main Menu Greek theater in Miletus Previous Slide Tragedy & Comedy:  Tragedy & Comedy Main Menu Types of plays first developed by the Greeks Tragedy: plays about suffering Comedy: plays with a happy ending that pokes fun at certain types of people Olympic Games:  Olympic Games Next Slide Festival held in Olympia to honor Zeus Every four years-began 776B.C. Called a truce from war Only men: women couldn’t watch Won an olive wreath Olympians swore not to cheat Winners were heroes Olympic Games:  Olympic Games Main Menu Foot races Pancratium Boxing Warrior’s Race Wrestling Pentathlon Javelin Discus Messengers & Trumpeters Previous Slide Marathon:  Marathon Main Menu Greeks defeated the Persians at Marathon Pheidippides ran to Athens (about 26 miles) to announce the victory He reached Athens, cried out Nike! (goddess of victory), and fell over dead. Architecture:  Architecture Next Slide The art and science of building Greeks well known for using three styles of columns in their buildings Architecture:  Architecture Next Slide Previous Slide Architecture:  Architecture Main Menu The design of many buildings today has been influenced by the classical style of the Greeks. Supreme Court Building in Wash. D.C. Why would many U.S. government buildings have been built using Greek architecture? Previous Slide Philosophy:  Philosophy Main Menu Love of wisdom; trying to figure things out through learning and reasoning Socrates Plato Aristotle Socratic Method:  Socratic Method Main Menu Teaching through step-by-step questions that are designed to lead the student to the truth Socrates was a Greek philosopher who wanted people to question and think for themselves Athenians were afraid and threatened by his ideas, so he was tried and put to death. Classification of Living Things:  Classification of Living Things Main Menu A system of grouping plants and animals that have similar characteristics Developed by Aristotle Helps scientists to handle a lot of info. Still used today Scientific Method:  Scientific Method Main Menu Process used by scientists to study something 1 Collect Info Hippocratic Oath:  Hippocratic Oath Main Menu A list of rules about practicing medicine that doctors today still promise to follow Hippocrates was the “Father of Scientific Medicine” Believed that disease came from natural causes not evil spirits Keep the secrets of patients Never give poisons Do their best for the sick Honor their teachers Conclusion Legacies of Ancient Greece:  Legacies of Ancient Greece Next Slide Main Menu Now that you are aware of them, you will see the legacies of the ancient Greeks cropping up all over the place! Bibliography:  Animation factory - www.animationfactory.com Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission website - http://www.cmhpf.org/kids/dictionary/ClassicalOrders.html Greenblatt, Miriam & Peter Lemmo. Human Heritage: A World History. ©2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Headden, Susan, ed. The Ancient World. © 2004 U.S. News & World Report. Microsoft Design Gallery Live - http://dgl.microsoft.com Mythman - www.mythman.com Bibliography Main Menu End Show Previous Slide

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