Greek Philosophy

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Information about Greek Philosophy

Published on September 3, 2008

Author: mbrents4

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Basic overview of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and their impact on Greek Civilization and Diffusion into modern world

Greek Philosophy Impact and Diffusion

What does “Impact” mean? 5.the force exerted by a new idea, concept, technology, or ideology: the impact of the industrial revolution. ~ www.dictionary.com Think of how a meteor makes an IMPACT on the world… it changes things… an IMPACT on society changes how things were and how things will be in the future. These philosophers impact us still today!!

What does “Impact” mean?

5.the force exerted by a new idea, concept, technology, or ideology: the impact of the industrial revolution. ~ www.dictionary.com

Think of how a meteor makes an IMPACT on the world… it changes things… an IMPACT on society changes how things were and how things will be in the future.

These philosophers impact us still today!!

What about DIFFUSION? 4. The spread of linguistic or cultural practices or innovations within a community or from one community to another. ~ www.dictionary.com Think of an air freshener. You can spray in one place, but eventually, it will spread throughout the air… it will DIFFUSE. The impact of these philosophers DIFFUSED into all cultures that followed.

What about DIFFUSION?

4. The spread of linguistic or cultural practices or innovations within a community or from one community to another. ~ www.dictionary.com

Think of an air freshener. You can spray in one place, but eventually, it will spread throughout the air… it will DIFFUSE.

The impact of these philosophers DIFFUSED into all cultures that followed.

Socrates Most of what we know about him is from his students focused on the examination of ethics and virtue believed the best way for people to live was to focus on self-development rather than the pursuit of material wealth said his wisdom was limited to an awareness of his own ignorance

Socrates

Most of what we know about him is from his students

focused on the examination of ethics and virtue

believed the best way for people to live was to focus on self-development rather than the pursuit of material wealth

said his wisdom was limited to an awareness of his own ignorance

The “Socratic Method” To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions The answers to which gradually distill the answer you seek. "I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question oneself and others."

The “Socratic Method”

To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions

The answers to which gradually distill the answer you seek.

"I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question oneself and others."

Ethics and Virtue Wisdom is limited to one’s awareness of ignorance Socratic Method So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Ethics and Virtue

Wisdom is limited to one’s awareness of ignorance

Socratic Method

So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Plato A student of Socrates Primary writer about Socrates’ success Wrote “The Republic” as a history of Socrates’ philosophers, and is considered to be a reflection of his own philosophy

Plato

A student of Socrates

Primary writer about Socrates’ success

Wrote “The Republic” as a history of Socrates’ philosophers, and is considered to be a reflection of his own philosophy

“The Republic” People are living in a “cave” What we perceive as real material objects as just shadows of the real thing If anyone gets out of the cave they see the “light” and the real world They become ridiculed when they come back to tell of the real world

“The Republic”

People are living in a “cave”

What we perceive as real material objects as just shadows of the real thing

If anyone gets out of the cave they see the “light” and the real world

They become ridiculed when they come back to tell of the real world

View of Government People need a “Philosopher King” -- describes them as "those who love the sight of truth" According to Plato, a state will overall decline from an aristocracy (rule by the best) to a timocracy (rule by the honorable), then to an oligarchy (rule by the few), then to a democracy (rule by the people), and finally to tyranny (rule by one person, rule by a tyrant)

View of Government

People need a “Philosopher King” -- describes them as "those who love the sight of truth"

According to Plato, a state will overall decline from an aristocracy (rule by the best) to a timocracy (rule by the honorable), then to an oligarchy (rule by the few), then to a democracy (rule by the people), and finally to tyranny (rule by one person, rule by a tyrant)

Allegory of the Cave Philosopher Kings So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Allegory of the Cave

Philosopher Kings

So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Aristotle A student of Plato and a teacher of Alexander the Great first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. “Natural philosophy” dealt with the real world  Influenced Scientific Method

Aristotle

A student of Plato and a teacher of Alexander the Great

first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics.

“Natural philosophy” dealt with the real world  Influenced Scientific Method

Aristotle ethics is a practical science  virtue ethics virtue has to do with the proper function of a thing City (gov’t) is created not to avoid injustice or for economic stability , but rather to live a good life

Aristotle

ethics is a practical science  virtue ethics

virtue has to do with the proper function of a thing

City (gov’t) is created not to avoid injustice or for economic stability , but rather to live a good life

Comprehensive Western Philosophy Natural Philosophy Virtue Ethics So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Comprehensive Western Philosophy

Natural Philosophy

Virtue Ethics

So how would that IMPACT the Greek society and us today?

Your Assignment: Summarize the IMPACT of each of the three philosophers Combine them to explain the overall IMPACTS of Greek Philosophy Explain how the impact DIFFUSED to the rest of Greek Culture and Today’s Culture.

Your Assignment:

Summarize the IMPACT of each of the three philosophers

Combine them to explain the overall IMPACTS of Greek Philosophy

Explain how the impact DIFFUSED to the rest of Greek Culture and Today’s Culture.

Impact of Socrates Impact of Plato Impact of Aristotle Impact of Greek Philosophers

Impact of Greek Philosophers Diffused to cultures then Diffused to cultures now

Impact of Socrates Impact of Plato Impact of Aristotle Impact of Greek Philosophers Diffused to cultures then Diffused to cultures now

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