Great Britain

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Information about Great Britain

Published on November 2, 2007

Author: Lassie


Slide1:  Семенова Ольга Александровна Преподаватель английского языка средней школы № 3 г. Нововоронежа Выход Slide2:  Данная работа представляет обобщенный материал по теме “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”.Презентация может быть использована как вспомогательное средство при изучении различных лексических и страноведческих аспектов темы, как обобщающий урок-повторение СОДЕРЖАНИЕ !.The history of Britain 2.Location. 3. Parts of Great Britain 4.System of Government 5.London. 6. Traditions and holidays Выход Slide3:  The UK is situated off the west coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and the North Sea on the east and is separated from the European continent by the English Channel (or La Manche) and the Strait of Dover. Содержание Выход Slide4:  The UK occupies most of the territory of the British Isles. It consists of three main parts which are: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK is an island state: it is composed of 5.500 islands. The two main islands are Great Britain and Ireland. The total area is 244.100 square kilometres. The population of the UK is over 57 million people. Содержание Выход Slide5:  Содержание Выход Slide6:  AD 43 5th-6th centuries 8th century 13th century 16th century 17th century 18th century 19th century 20th century Содержание Выход Slide7:  2000 years ago - the beginning of Roman’s occupation. The Romans had great influence on towns. Содержание Выход Slide8:  5th 6th centuries - two tribes (the Angles and the Saxons) settled in Britain. The Anglo-Saxons influenced the countryside. 597 - Christianity came from Rome. Содержание Выход Slide9:  8th century - Britain was invaded by the Vikings. They settled in the North and West of Scotland and in some regions of Ireland. Содержание Выход Slide10:  Parliament included elected representatives from urban and rural areas. Содержание Выход Slide11:  The power of English monarch increased. The Tudor dynasty (1485-1603) established a system of government which strongly depended on the monarch. Parliament was split into two houses. Содержание Выход Slide12:  Parliament established its supremacy over the monarchy in Britain. Содержание Выход Slide13:  18th century - the Scottish Parliament joined with the English and the Welsh Parliament. Содержание Выход Slide14:  19th century - Britain controlled the biggest Empire in the world. The Empire was wade up of Ireland, Canada, Australia, India and large parts of Africa. Britain was the greatest economic power. Содержание Выход Slide15:  20th century. Women struggled for their rights. In the Parliament the Labour party replaced the liberals. The Trade Union Congress was the most powerful political force outside the institutions of government. Содержание Выход Slide16:  Monarchy The Queen Parliament The House of Commons The House of Lords The Prime Minister MPs Содержание Выход Slide17:  It is short form for Members of Parliament who the House of Commons consists of. MPs are elected at a general election or at a by-election. Содержание Выход Slide18:  The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons and the Queen as its head. A new bill is introduced and debated in the House of Commons. Then a bill goes to the House of Lords to be debated. Finally the monarch signs it. Only then it becomes law. Parliamentary elections must be held every five years. People can vote at the age of 18. Содержание Выход Slide19:  The party which has majority of seats in the House of Commons is called the Government. The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from hi or her party to become the Cabinet of Ministers. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of the government. Содержание Выход Slide20:  The Prime Minister can decide on the exact date within five years between parliamentary elections. The party which wins the majority of seats at the elections forms the Government and its leader becomes Prime Minister. Содержание Выход Slide21:  It has more than 1,000 members. Only about 250 take an active part in the work of the House. This House consists of those lords who sit by right of inheritance. Members of this Upper House are not elected.The chairman of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. Содержание Выход Slide22:  It is made up of 651 elected members, known as MPs. It is presided over by the Speaker, a member acceptable to the whole House. Содержание Выход Slide23:  The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch ( a king or a queen) as its Head of State. The monarch reigns with the support of Parliament. Содержание Выход Slide24:  Everything today is done in the Queen’s name. It is her government,her armed forces, her law courts and so on. The Queen is very rich. The Government pays for her expenses as Head of the State, for a royal yacht, train, aircraft, and for the upkeep of several palaces. The Queen’s image appears on stamps, notes and coins. Содержание Выход Slide25:  London is situated on the River Thames. It’s population is about 7 million people. It’s a big port and most important commercial, manufacturing and cultural centre. There are many historical palaces and interesting places here. They are: 1.Hyde park . 2. Westminster Abbey. 3. Buckingham Palace . 4. The Palace of Westminster. 5. The British Museum 6. Trafalgar Square. 7. Big Ben Содержание Выход Slide26:  It is the largest park in London. There is boating and swimming on the lake called the Serpentine. An interesting sight here is Speakers’s Corner, situated on the edge of Hyde Park. Содержание Выход Slide27:  It is a very large Gothic church. All English kings and queens since William I have been crowned in the Abbey and many famous people are buried there. Содержание Выход Slide28:  It is the official home of the British royal family, containing almost 600 rooms. Содержание Выход Slide29:  It is a former royal palace in London on the site of which the present Houses of Parliament stand. Содержание Выход Slide30:  It contains Britain’s most important collection of ancient art, writings, coins, drawings, etc. It also holds the reading room of the Reference Division of the British Library. Содержание Выход Slide31:  It is a square in central London where Pall Mall, the Strand, and Charing Cross Road meet.It is where Nelson’s Column stands, and is also known for the large number of pigeons which come there and fed by tourists. Содержание Выход Slide32:  It is the large bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. Содержание Выход Slide33:  The British have got lots of holidays and traditions. Some of them are public, some are religious. The main holidays are: 1. Christmas 2. Easter 3. May Day 4. Hallowe’en 5. Guy Fawkes’ Night 6. Hogmanay and First Footing 7. The Eisteddfod Содержание Выход Slide34:  It is on 25th of December. The British usually spend it with their families. Family members wrap up their gifts and leave them t the bottom of the Christmas tree to be found on Christmas morning. Содержание Выход Slide35:  Easter is celebrated on a Sunday in April or May.The ancient custom of dyeing eggs at Easter time is very popular.Today, children enjoy eating candy bunnies and listening to stories about the Easter bunny, who brings Easter eggs in a fancy basket. Содержание Выход Slide36:  On 1st May Britain likes to celebrate the end of winter.Much of this celebrations is connected with dancing, which is performed to encourage life and growth and drive away harmful spirits. Содержание Выход Slide37:  Hallowe’en means “holy evening”, and takes place on 31st October. It is celebrated by many people in the UK. It is particularly connected with witches and ghosts. Содержание Выход Slide38:  This day the English traditionally celebrated 5th November by burning a dummy, made of straw and old clothes, on a bonfire, at the same time letting off fireworks. Содержание Выход Slide39:  New Year’s eve has a special name in Scotland. The word “Hogmanay” is connected with the provision of food and drink for all visitors to your home on 31st December. It is believed hat the first person to visit one’s house on New Year’s Day could bring good or bad luck. This person is called “First Footer”. Содержание Выход Slide40:  The annual National Eisteddfod is certainly the most picturesque and most moving ceremony in Wales.Here the love of song and poetry of the Welsh is organized to make a spectacle unique in the world. Содержание Выход

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