Grammar revision. Unit 1.

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Information about Grammar revision. Unit 1.
Education

Published on March 4, 2014

Author: AnabelBlascoMartn

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Revision of some important grammar point seen in unit 1.

GRAMMAR REVISION: UNIT 1 ISE III

GOING TO: Ex: This cheese looks terrible. I’m not going to eat it. I’m going to eat it  I have already decided to do it, I intend to do it. Going to ≠ present continuous Present cont.: we have arranged to do sth. Going to: I have decided to do sth but perhaps not arrange to do it

GOING TO: Ex: Look at those black clouds! It’s going to rain It’s going to rain  something is going to happen because the situation now makes it clear. Going to ≠ will: Will: we decide to do sth at the time of speaking. The speaker has not decided it before. Going to: we have already decided to do it.

PRESENT PERFECT: Ex: I have worked here since 1997. Have worked  an action or situation that started in the past and connects to the present. Ex: This is the best coffee I have ever tasted. Have ever tasted  meaning “at any point up to now”

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Ex: I have been talking to Amanda about the problem and she agrees with me. Have been talking  an activity that has recently stopped or just stopped. Ex: She has been playing tennis since she was 8. Have been playing  actions repeated over a period of time

CONDITIONALS: 1. Zero conditionals:  If+present tense/+present tense. We use them to express a fixed connection that exists between two events now or always. 2. First conditional:  If+present tense/+will. We use it to express a lkely connection one event and another possible event.

CONDITIONALS: Ex: If I got the job, I would move to London. 2nd conditional to express a distant and unlikely connection between two different imaginary events. Ex: If he had called me, I would have helped him 3nd conditional to express an imaginary connection between two events that never happened.

PASSIVE VOICE:

PAST PERFECT: Ex: Susan didn’t have the money because she had spent it. Had spent  we are describing an action further in the past.

REPORTED SPEECH: TENSES DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE CONDITIONAL PRESENT PERFECT CONT. PAST PERFECT CONT. PAST PERFECT CONT. PAST PERFECT CON.

REPORTED SPEECH: MODAL VERBS DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH CAN COULD MAY MIGHT MUST MUST HAVE TO HAD TO WILL WOULD

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