Published on March 10, 2014
GRAMMAR MADE EASY BY MS K.R. MATSHITSE (GRADE 10 ENGLISH TEACHER) A LESSON ON PASTS OF SPEECH FOR THE GRADE 10S; JUST A REMINDER OF WHAT THEY DID IN THE PAST YEARS.
WHAT ARE PARTS OF SPEECH Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech: the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection. Each part of speech explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a noun in one sentence and a verb or adjective in the next. The next few examples show how a word's part of speech can change from one sentence to the next, and following them is a series of sections on the individual parts of speech, followed by an exercise.
A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement EVERY SENTENCE MUST HAVE A VERB SHOWING THERES AN
Kinds of Verbs Action verbs express mental or physical action. Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it. He rode the horse to victory. He has been sick.
Helping Verbs -Definition: Helping Verbs help the main verb express action or a state of being. -Examples: can, do, has, might, should, and could. Please, can you cut the cake now? Hey! You should put the toys in the box.
Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. . Answers these questi
Demonstrative Adjectives and Articles -Demonstrative Adjective: -Definition: A demonstrative adjective is an adjective modifies a noun or pronoun. -Example: -Did Jenifer draw this one or that one? -Let’s take these sandwiches and those apples on our picnic. -Articles: -Definition: An Indefinite Article is when they refer to any member of a group. -Examples: -A girl won. -The one day sale is on Saturday.
Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Answers the questi He ran quickly. She left yesterday. We went there. It was too hot! To what degree or how mu
Interrogative Adverbs introduce questions How did you break your leg? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
A word or word group that is used to name a person, place, thing, or an idea. -Examples: Ms. Bohac, Ocotillo Wells, Rope, and book.
Kinds of Nouns Common Nouns boy girl Proper Nouns John Mary Singular Nouns boy girl Plural Nouns boys girls Singular Possessive boy’s girl’s Plural Possessive boys’ girls’
Common Nouns vs. Proper Nouns Common Noun: -Definition: A common noun names any one of a group or persons, places, things, or ideas and is generally not capitalized. -Examples: Book, school, marker, computer, phone, and backpack. Proper Noun: -Definition: A proper noun names a particular person, place, thing, or idea, and is capitalized. -Examples: Holt Handbook, West Valley High School, Mac computer, IPhone, and Jansport backpack.
PRONOUNS - Definition: A word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns. -Examples: I, they, your, our, she, we, them, he, us, him, his, their, them, and its. They are playing all together. He is playing with the train. Is she sleeping in her bed?
Personal Pronoun -Definition: A personal pronoun refers to the one speaking is first person, the one spoken to is second person, or the one being spoken to is third person. -First Person: I, me, my, mine, we, us, ours, our. -Second person: you, yours, your. -Third person: He, him his, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs. They are playing jump rope. You click the icon to open the game. Look, I am good at reading!
Demonstrative And Interrogative Pronouns-Demonstrative Pronouns: -Definition: A demonstrative pronoun is used to point our a specific person, place, thing, or idea. -Examples: This, That, These, Those. -Interrogative Pronouns: -Definition: An interrogative pronoun introduces a question. -Examples: Who, whom, which, what, whose. I think this paper is good enough. Hmmm, who is in my class?
Indefinite Pronouns anybody each either none someone, one, etc.
Preposition Definition: A word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word. -Examples: Aboard, below, from, since, about, beneath, throughout, concerning, past, and without. They are aboard the train.This guy is from history.
CONJUNCTION -Definition: A word that joins word or words groups. Decide whether to stay or go. Coordinating Conjunctions: -Examples: And, but, or nor, for yet so. -Examples: You are supposed to walk on the street or the sidewalk. Correlative Conjunctions: -Examples: Both…and, Not only…but also, Whether…or. -Example: Both Jim and Roberto were standing outside.
INTERJECTION A word that expresses emotion. An interjection has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence. -Examples: Crap! Wow! Yuck! Yippee! Uh-oh! Well! WEEE! I’m Swinging! YUCK! This is nasty! OWW! This Hurts.
That’s all for now. . . More Later
REFFERENCES www.tolearnenglish.com www.english.language.ru http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergra mmar/partsp.html http://www.slideshare.net/Divzy/parts-of-speech- 5557706
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