advertisement

Grammar Lesson 10 Verbals

56 %
44 %
advertisement
Information about Grammar Lesson 10 Verbals

Published on December 4, 2007

Author: gerryhill

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A review lesson on participles, infinitives, and gerunds.
advertisement

Verbals Grammar Lesson 10 English 10

Is it a VERB or a VERBAL?? Telling the difference between a verb and a verbal is not done by looking only at the word itself. You have to see how the word is being used. In both cases, the word looks like a verb, but if it’s used as something other than a verb…it’s a VERBAL

Telling the difference between a verb and a verbal is not done by looking only at the word itself.

You have to see how the word is being used.

In both cases, the word looks like a verb, but if it’s used as something other than a verb…it’s a VERBAL

Is it a VERB or a VERBAL?? Examples: Waxed Flowing Playing Sleeping These can be verbs or verbals depending upon how they are used in the sentence.

Examples:

Waxed

Flowing

Playing

Sleeping

These can be verbs or verbals depending upon how they are used in the sentence.

Is it a VERB or a VERBAL?? Examples: Our butler waxed the floors. The waxed floors were slippery and dangerous. In the first sentence, the word is being used as a verb to tell what action is being done. In the other one, the word still looks like a verb, but it is being used as an adjective

Examples:

Our butler waxed the floors.

The waxed floors were slippery and dangerous.

In the first sentence, the word is being used as a verb to tell what action is being done.

In the other one, the word still looks like a verb, but it is being used as an adjective

Is it a VERB or a VERBAL?? Examples: Water was flowing over the rocks in the stream. Flowing water carries a great deal of potential energy. The same thing is true here as in the other example. The second sentences shows the verb working as an adjective instead of a verb.

Examples:

Water was flowing over the rocks in the stream.

Flowing water carries a great deal of potential energy.

The same thing is true here as in the other example.

The second sentences shows the verb working as an adjective instead of a verb.

Basic Information on Verbals Verbals are verb forms (words that look like verbs or could be verbs in other sentences) that are used as one of the following: Noun Adjective Adverb A verbal can never be the verb of the sentence.

Verbals are verb forms (words that look like verbs or could be verbs in other sentences) that are used as one of the following:

Noun

Adjective

Adverb

A verbal can never be the verb of the sentence.

Basic Information on Verbals There are three different kinds of verbals: Infinitive Participle Gerund Each verbal has a specific purpose and use in a sentence.

There are three different kinds of verbals:

Infinitive

Participle

Gerund

Each verbal has a specific purpose and use in a sentence.

Infinitives An infinitive is a verb form that is proceeded by the word “to.” To play To sleep To be seen To steal To have been stolen To speak

An infinitive is a verb form that is proceeded by the word “to.”

To play

To sleep

To be seen

To steal

To have been stolen

To speak

Infinitives In some sentences (following certain verbs), the “sign of the infinitive” (the word “to) is omitted. This is done for clarity. Help him (to) move the sofa. Watch the fish (to) snap at the hook. Can you feel the floor (to) move?

In some sentences (following certain verbs), the “sign of the infinitive” (the word “to) is omitted.

This is done for clarity.

Help him (to) move the sofa.

Watch the fish (to) snap at the hook.

Can you feel the floor (to) move?

Infinitives The verbs which call for an omitted “to” are: See Hear Feel Help Let Make Watch

The verbs which call for an omitted “to” are:

See

Hear

Feel

Help

Let

Make

Watch

Infinitives An infinitive has three possible functions: As a noun As an adjective As an adverb Knowing where an infinitive should go helps make the structure of the sentence more clear.

An infinitive has three possible functions:

As a noun

As an adjective

As an adverb

Knowing where an infinitive should go helps make the structure of the sentence more clear.

Infinitives As a noun: I hate to go . (direct object) To steal is a crime. (subject) As an adjective: It’s time to go . (modify time) There are jobs to be done (modify jobs) As an adverb: He always plays to win . (modify plays)

As a noun:

I hate to go . (direct object)

To steal is a crime. (subject)

As an adjective:

It’s time to go . (modify time)

There are jobs to be done (modify jobs)

As an adverb:

He always plays to win . (modify plays)

Infinitives Infinitives can also have modifiers or complements. This can be done because there is a verb form in the infinitive that (if being used as a verb in another sentence) could take a complement such as an indirect or direct object or a predicate complement.

Infinitives can also have modifiers or complements.

This can be done because there is a verb form in the infinitive that (if being used as a verb in another sentence) could take a complement such as an indirect or direct object or a predicate complement.

Infinitives Be careful not to create “split” infinitives. This is done when an adverb is placed between the “to” and the verb form. To boldly go…. To strenuously object… To always comply… It is bad structure for this to be formed.

Be careful not to create “split” infinitives.

This is done when an adverb is placed between the “to” and the verb form.

To boldly go….

To strenuously object…

To always comply…

It is bad structure for this to be formed.

Participles Verb forms that are used as adjectives are called participles. They will have two forms: Present (ending in “-ing”) Past (ending in “-ed” or “-en”) These contain action, but they are not used as verbs in the sentence.

Verb forms that are used as adjectives are called participles.

They will have two forms:

Present (ending in “-ing”)

Past (ending in “-ed” or “-en”)

These contain action, but they are not used as verbs in the sentence.

Participles Examples: Smoking gun Snoring spouse Broken window Elected official Streaming video Buzzing noise Winning touchdown Walking track

Examples:

Smoking gun

Snoring spouse

Broken window

Elected official

Streaming video

Buzzing noise

Winning touchdown

Walking track

Participles Participles can appear in several places in the sentence, but they are most commonly found describing / modifying the subject. Participle phrases can also be made from single participles Running along the path

Participles can appear in several places in the sentence, but they are most commonly found describing / modifying the subject.

Participle phrases can also be made from single participles

Running along the path

Participles Most participle phrases will have commas setting them off. This is especially true when they open a sentence and modify the subject. Running at full speed, the back raced twenty yards for a score. Crying loudly, the baby wanted some attention.

Most participle phrases will have commas setting them off. This is especially true when they open a sentence and modify the subject.

Running at full speed, the back raced twenty yards for a score.

Crying loudly, the baby wanted some attention.

Gerunds A gerund looks a lot like a participle because it ends in “-ing.” However, the gerund is going to be used as a noun. Gerunds will show up as subjects, direct or indirect objects or objects of prepositions.

A gerund looks a lot like a participle because it ends in “-ing.”

However, the gerund is going to be used as a noun.

Gerunds will show up as subjects, direct or indirect objects or objects of prepositions.

Gerunds Examples: Chewing gum in class is not allowed. (subject) I liked eating at the new restaurant . (direct object) Without running very hard I won the race. Abusing the warm fuzzy kitten is not allowed in this class. (subject)

Examples:

Chewing gum in class is not allowed. (subject)

I liked eating at the new restaurant . (direct object)

Without running very hard I won the race.

Abusing the warm fuzzy kitten is not allowed in this class. (subject)

Practice: You will be shown ten sentences with a word or phrase underlined. Identify the word or phrases as: Infinitive Participle Gerund

You will be shown ten sentences with a word or phrase underlined.

Identify the word or phrases as:

Infinitive

Participle

Gerund

Practice: Sleeping soundly in his bed , Ron was not going to be disturbed by anyone in his house. I wanted to try out for the lacrosse team this spring. The rushing waters of the Colorado River were great for rafting.

Sleeping soundly in his bed , Ron was not going to be disturbed by anyone in his house.

I wanted to try out for the lacrosse team this spring.

The rushing waters of the Colorado River were great for rafting.

Practice: 4. The warm fuzzy kitten, meowing loudly in the hallway , was a nuisance. 5. We tried shooting with the NBA’s new basketball and found it to be challenging. 6. To run a mile in less than four minutes is nearly impossible.

4. The warm fuzzy kitten, meowing loudly in the hallway , was a nuisance.

5. We tried shooting with the NBA’s new basketball and found it to be challenging.

6. To run a mile in less than four minutes is nearly impossible.

Practice: 7. Charging wildly down the street , the bulls tried to crush the citizens of Pamplona . 8. Cheating on a final exam in English is not an advisable solution to not studying. 9. To sleep , perchance to dream.

7. Charging wildly down the street , the bulls tried to crush the citizens of Pamplona .

8. Cheating on a final exam in English is not an advisable solution to not studying.

9. To sleep , perchance to dream.

Practice: 10. On the sixth day of Xmas, my true love gave to me six geese a-laying , five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves and a partridge in a pear tree.

10. On the sixth day of Xmas, my true love gave to me six geese a-laying , five gold rings, four calling birds, three French hens, two turtle doves and a partridge in a pear tree.

SURPRISE, SURPRISE, SURPRISE!! Now that you can identify these verbals, you have the great privilege of going on to the next great step in verbals……..

Now that you can identify these verbals, you have the great privilege of going on to the next great step in verbals……..

DIAGRAMMING!!

Add a comment

Related pages

Grammar Lesson 10 Verbals - scribd.com

Grammar Lesson 10 Verbals - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online.
Read more

Grammar Lesson: Verbals - YouTube

Grammar Lesson: Verbals ... Grammar: Verbals - Duration: ... Verbal Phrases and Participle Phrases - Duration: 10:26.
Read more

English Grammar 101 - Verbals and Phrases, Lesson 10 ...

why grammar? ×Why is there grammar on this page? Grammar rules form the basis of the English language. Learn grammar and improve your writing.
Read more

What Are Verbals? (grammar lesson)

What are verbals. See examples of verbals. See the definition of Verbal in Grammar Monster's list of grammar terms and definitions.
Read more

English Grammar 101 - Verbals and Phrases, Lesson...

why grammar? ×Why is there ... Module 8, Verbals and Phrases, Lesson 1: Verbals. Score: Score Submit Reset. ... 10. I forgot to do my homework last night.
Read more

Grammar: Verbals - YouTube

This lesson presents the concept of verbals in English grammar, including participials, gerunds, and infinitives. The discussion focuses on ...
Read more

Identifying Verbals in English Grammar - grammar.about.com

In this article, after reviewing the three types of verbals, we'll practice identifying participles, gerunds, and infinitives in sentences.
Read more

Lesson Archive - Daily Grammar Archive

You can use this archive to study Daily Grammar at your own pace. ... prepositional phrases, clauses, and verbals. ... Daily Grammar Archive by Lesson Number.
Read more

grammar-lesson-10-verbals-1196774984738935-5 - Education

1. VerbalsGrammar Lesson 10English 10. 2. Is it a VERB or a VERBAL??• Telling the difference betweena verb and a verbal is notdone by looking only at ...
Read more