Grammar-Comparatives and Superlatives

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Information about Grammar-Comparatives and Superlatives
Education

Published on October 8, 2009

Author: PaulArceTroya

Source: slideshare.net

Description

An explanation of comparative and superlative: grammar rules, and examples.

LOGOS ACADEMY Paul Arce Troya

Comparative Comparative is the name for the grammar used when comparing TWO THINGS The two basic ways to compare are using - as .. as - than Examples of each are shown as follows:

Comparative is the name for the grammar used when comparing

TWO THINGS

The two basic ways to compare are using

- as .. as

- than

Examples of each are shown as follows:

As (adjective)as (t he adjective does NOT change) She's twice as old as her sister. I'm almost as good in maths as in science. This book is not as exciting as the last one. The cafeteria is not as crowded as usual. Russian is not quite as difficult as Chinese.

She's twice as old as her sister.

I'm almost as good in maths as in science.

This book is not as exciting as the last one.

The cafeteria is not as crowded as usual.

Russian is not quite as difficult as Chinese.

than (some changes are necessary, depending on the number of syllables the adjective has ) This computer is better than that one. It's much cold er today than it was yesterday. Our car is big ger than your car. This grammar topic is eas ier than most others. I find science more difficult than mathematics

This computer is better than that one.

It's much cold er today than it was yesterday.

Our car is big ger than your car.

This grammar topic is eas ier than most others.

I find science more difficult than mathematics

1-syllable adjectives: add -er to the adjective My sister is much tall er than me. It's cold er today than it was yesterday. Note : If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant , then the last consonant is usually doubled in the comparative. Examples: big-bi gg er, fat-fa tt er, hot-ho tt er .

My sister is much tall er than me.

It's cold er today than it was yesterday.

Note : If the word ends:

consonant-vowel-consonant ,

then the last consonant is usually doubled in the comparative. Examples: big-bi gg er, fat-fa tt er, hot-ho tt er .

Note : The comparative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - er . Examples: simple-simpl er clever-clever er narrow-narrow er To be sure which comparative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary.

Note : The comparative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - er . Examples:

simple-simpl er

clever-clever er

narrow-narrow er

To be sure which comparative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary.

Other 2-syllable adjectives: use “ more” with the unchanged adjective . The shops are always more crowded just before Christmas. Is there anything more boring than watching a bad movie? My sister is more careful with her writing than I am with mine.

The shops are always more crowded just before Christmas.

Is there anything more boring than watching a bad movie?

My sister is more careful with her writing than I am with mine.

Adjectives with 3 or more syllables: use more with the unchanged adjective Russian grammar is more difficult than English grammar. My sister is much more intelligent than me. I find maths lessons more enjoyable than science lessons.

Russian grammar is more difficult than English grammar.

My sister is much more intelligent than me.

I find maths lessons more enjoyable than science lessons.

SUPERLATIVES In the superlative you talk about one thing only and how it is the best, worst, in a group. You do not compare two things, compare more than two . The following guidelines apply to the superlative:

In the superlative you talk about one thing only and how it is the best, worst, in a group.

You do not compare two things,

compare more than two .

The following guidelines apply to the superlative:

1-syllable adjectives: add -est to the adjective (plus the ) My sister is the tallest in our family. Yesterday was the coldest day of the year so far. Note: If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant , then the last consonant is usually doubled in the superlative. Examples: big-bi gg est, fat-fa tt est, hot-ho tt est .

My sister is the tallest in our family.

Yesterday was the coldest day of the year so far.

Note: If the word ends: consonant-vowel-consonant , then the last consonant is usually doubled in the superlative. Examples: big-bi gg est, fat-fa tt est, hot-ho tt est .

2-syllable adjectives ending in –y : change the -y to -iest (plus the ) The richest people are not always the happ iest . Which do you think is the eas iest language to learn? Beware : Do not confuse adjectives and adverbs . 2-syllable adverbs ending in -y form their superlative with the words the most . Example : Of all the people I know my father drives the most quickly (quickliest).

The richest people are not always the happ iest .

Which do you think is the eas iest language to learn?

Beware : Do not confuse adjectives and adverbs . 2-syllable adverbs ending in -y form their superlative with the words the most . Example : Of all the people I know my father drives the most quickly (quickliest).

Other 2-syllable adjectives: use the most with the unchanged adjective My sister is the most careful person I know. Note : The superlative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - est . Examples: simple-simpl est , clever-clever est , narrow-narrow est . To be sure which superlative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary.

My sister is the most careful person I know.

Note : The superlative of some shorter 2-syllable adjectives can be formed with - est . Examples: simple-simpl est , clever-clever est , narrow-narrow est . To be sure which superlative method to use, you will need to consult a good dictionary.

Adjectives with 3 or more syllables : use the most with the unchanged adjective Some people think that Russian is the most difficult language. Albert Einstein was the most intelligent person in history. My most enjoyable class is English. You are the most irritating person I have ever met!

Some people think that Russian is the most difficult language.

Albert Einstein was the most intelligent person in history.

My most enjoyable class is English.

You are the most irritating person I have ever met!

There are irregular adjectives. Here are two common irregular comparative/superlative forms: Adjective – comparative - superlative Good better the best Bad worse the worst

There are irregular adjectives.

Here are two common irregular comparative/superlative forms:

Adjective – comparative - superlative

Good better the best

Bad worse the worst

Now you can be a better english student and why not ….you can be the best . THANK YOU

Now you can be a better english student and why not ….you can be the best .

THANK YOU

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