GothicArtPresentatio n05

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Published on January 29, 2008

Author: Marcell

Source: authorstream.com

Gothic Art:  Gothic Art “Thou has ordered all things in measure and number and weight” (Wisdom 11:20b) “Let there be light!” (Genesis 1:3) Spread of Gothic: black 12th Century, red 13th-14th centuries:  Spread of Gothic: black 12th Century, red 13th-14th centuries The Reach of Gothic:  The Reach of Gothic The Abbey of St. Denis:  The Abbey of St. Denis “The higher world casts its light on the lower world, and, in sensible things, is like a trace of purely spiritual things” St. Denys the Areopagite Over the main doorway, Suger had this written::  Over the main doorway, Suger had this written: “Whoever thou mayest be, who art minded to praise this door, Wonder not at the gold, nor at its cost, but at the work. The work shines in its nobility; by shining nobly, May it illumine the spirit, so that, through its trusty lights, The spirit may reach the true Light in which Christ is the Door. The golden door proclaims the nature of the Inward: Through sensible things, the heavy spirit is raised to the Truth; From the depths, it rises to the Light” St. Denis Ambulatory:  St. Denis Ambulatory On the Second Sunday of June 1144, the choir of St. Denis was consecrated:  On the Second Sunday of June 1144, the choir of St. Denis was consecrated In this gathering the builders of the very first Gothic cathedrals were represented. A medieval liturgist, Durand de Mende, said of the rite: “Everything which is here performed visibly, evokes God in the soul invisibly, for the soul is the true temple of the true God…The church to be consecrated is none other than the soul, which must be sanctified…” Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave :  Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showers light on Romanesque Nave Slide9:  St.-Sernin Amiens (476’ ext. long, 139’ high nave):  Amiens (476’ ext. long, 139’ high nave) Amiens closer views:  Amiens closer views Slide12:                                                                                                          Left: Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque Pilgrimage Church, c. 1080-1120 Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral, begun 1220 Nave Transept Choir Ambulatory The video to be shown tomorrow explains the flying buttress, the innovation on which this new design is founded. Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen):  Romanesque vs. Gothic (Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen) Nave (1064-1120) Choir (c. 1200) Main arcade Triforium Clerestory Vaulting Some Gothic Styles:  Some Gothic Styles Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St. Denis). High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle, Paris, 1248) Perpendicular (choir of Gloucester cathedral, begun 1330) Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen, 1500-14, and others) Rayonnant: St. Chapelle:  Rayonnant: St. Chapelle Rayonnant (Decorated Gothic in England) was characterized by the application of increasingly elaborate geometrical decoration More St. Chapelle:  More St. Chapelle During the period of the Rayonnant style a significant change took place in Gothic architecture. After 1250, Gothic architects became more concerned with the creation of rich visual effects through decoration. This decoration took such forms as pinnacles (upright members, often spired, that capped piers, buttresses, or other exterior elements), moldings, and, especially, window tracery. (Some classify this as Flamboyant) More St. Chapelle:  More St. Chapelle Perpendicular: Gloucester (choir):  Perpendicular: Gloucester (choir) The Perpendicular style is a phase of late Gothic unique to England. Its characteristic feature is the fanvault, which seems to have begun as an interesting extension of the Rayonnant idea in the cloisters of Gloucester cathedral (begun 1337). More Gloucester:  More Gloucester The Choir The Tower More Gloucester:  More Gloucester Vaulting in the nave Vaulting in the cloisters Flamboyant:  Flamboyant In France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280 into an even more decorative phase called the Flamboyant style. The most conspicuous feature of the Flamboyant Gothic style is the dominance instone window tracery of a flamelike S-shaped curve. In the Flamboyant style wall space was reduced to the minimum of supporting vertical shafts to allow an almost continuous expanse of glass and tracery. Structural logic was obscured by the virtual covering of the exteriors of buildings with tracery, St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16th Centuries St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris):  St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris) 15th Century More St. Maclou:  More St. Maclou Added beginning of 16th Century Leuven, Belgium Town Hall:  Leuven, Belgium Town Hall 15th Century Milan Cathedral (Duomo):  Milan Cathedral (Duomo) The biggest and greatest late gothic architecture in Italy. 1386-1577, west front 1616-1813 Milan Cathedral Flying Buttress:  Milan Cathedral Flying Buttress

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