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Goerens

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Information about Goerens
Education

Published on January 4, 2008

Author: luie

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  Occupational Health Old workers in Luxembourg Dr. Robert GOERENS Direction of Health / Ministry of Health Plan of presentation:  Plan of presentation 1. Situation on the labour market in Luxembourg of the old workers 2 Promotion of employment of the old workers 3. Occupational health in Luxembourg 4. Data about health at work of old workers 5. Data about improvement of working conditions 6. Legal action introduced to support the employment of the old workers 7. Law of July 25th 2002 on the incapacity of workers and the professional reintegration 8. Conclusion Data: DIRECTION OF HEALTH ADEM (Administration of Employment) STATEC (Central Service of the Statistics and the economic surveys) IGSS (Inspection of social security) CEPS / INSTEAD (Studies about population, environment) OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) STM (Occupational Health service S.M.E.) STI (Occupational Health service of industry) STA (Occupational Health service of Arcelor) Slide3:  1. Situation on the labour market in Luxembourg of old workers Labour in Luxembourg:  Luxembourg: 448.000 inhabitants Proportions of foreigners : 37 % (highest of OECD) Foreign workforce: 65 % of the working population Cross border workforce: 40 % of the working population Ageing of the working population Labour in Luxembourg Slide5:  Data: OECD 2004 Age: 50 to 64 years Activity rate (%) per age and sex in 2000 Slide6:  Data: IGSS, march 2004 Age Workforce by age groups in Luxembourg companies (>10 workers) Slide7:  Données: CEPS / INSTEAD 2001 Percentage of old workers in different sectors of industry in Luxembourg (>10 workers) Average age at end of the active life (2001):  Average age at end of the active life (2001) Data: STATEC 2004 Âge Early retirement of workers > 50 years in Luxembourg:  Since 1980: Luxembourg supported a policy of early retirement of the old workers through: early retirement scheme in different activity sector (iron and steel industry) wish of certain workforce to have an early retirement age. Until 1996: Easy policy to obtain a disability pension Consequence: the desire not to work until the legal age of retirement (65 years) is a common attitude for the social partners Since 2000: deceleration of the economic activity: gel of recruitment and internal policy to encourage the old workers to leave the company precociously replacement of these early departures by younger, more flexible, more trained and less paid workers. Early retirement of workers > 50 years in Luxembourg Employment and unemployment:  Great difference between workers >50 years and <50 years activity rate 25 - 49 years: 94 % in 2002 (Luxembourg 3rd of 30 behind Iceland and Mexico in OECD classification) activity rate 50 - 64 years: men 58% women 30% in 2002 (Luxembourg men 23 and women 26 position of 30 countries in OECD classification) Difference between employment rate of women and men employment rate of women: 2 times lesser than of men Employment of workers >50 years is not reactive with the rise during economic recovery Employment and unemployment Data: OECD 2004 Slide11:  Données: CEPS / INSTEAD 2001 Age: 55 to 64 years Reasons of inactivity of people aged 55-64 years, having worked until 50 years Slide12:  2. Promotion of employment of the old workers Measures made by the authorities to promote the employment of old workers:  Measures intended to promote the employability of the old workers Formation throughout life, access to formation to all workers Measures intended to promote the improvement of the working conditions for older workers Measures modifying the conditions of access to retirement, early retirement and disability pension Measures intended to incite the workers financially to stay longer in activity Measures intended to sensitize the companies with the problem of ageing Measures made by the authorities to promote the employment of old workers Slide14:  3. Occupational health in Luxembourg Data about health at work of old workers Occupational health in Luxembourg:  Occupational health in Luxembourg Legal base since 1994 Depends on the Ministry of Health / Direction of Health First time examination: obligatory for all employees Periodic examination: employees with risks at work Periodicity depends on the risk Periodicity does not depend on the age, except safety posts All the occupational health services work since the beginning on computer base and can easily do research on their data bases Obligation for all employers to do the inventory of all risks places at work Occupational Health services: Statistics concerning old workers:  Occupational Health services: Statistics concerning old workers Proportion of men and women examined Body mass index (BMI) Number of aptitude and inaptitude Absenteeism by age groups Average duration of sick leave by age in mine and steel industry for different pathologies Number of detect pathologies in S.M.E. Proportion of man and woman >50 years examined in S.M.E.:  Proportion of man and woman >50 years examined in S.M.E. Total of workers > 50 years: 15.682 = 8,5 % of the examined workers Data: STM 1995 - 2004 61 % 30,2 % 7,5 % BMI of workers >50 years:  BMI of workers >50 years Data: STM 1995 - 2004 Number of workers >50 years: 15.682 BMI = weight (kg) / size (m2) Overweight > 25 kg/m2 Obesity > 30 kg/m2 Number of aptitude and inaptitude of workers in relationship to the age in the iron and steel sector:  Number of aptitude and inaptitude of workers in relationship to the age in the iron and steel sector Total examination: 8.487 Age average : 44 years Data: STA 1999 - 2004 Average duration of sick leave by age in the iron and steel industry:  Average duration of sick leave by age in the iron and steel industry Data: STA 1989 - 1991 Average sick leave by age groups for different pathologies in the iron and steel industry:  Average sick leave by age groups for different pathologies in the iron and steel industry Gonalgia: Number of cases: 161 Number of lost days: 4324 Lumbago: Number of cases: 327 Number of lost days: 5584 Tendinitis: Number of cases: 1102 Number of lost days: 14982 Data: STA 1989 - 1991 Age Age Age Number of detected pathologies:  Number of detected pathologies Données: STI 1995 - 2004 Total of workers : > 50 ans : 6.288 Total of workers : < 18-50 ans : 61.283 Slide23:  Data about improvement of working conditions Inquiry 2006: 1.300 companies Improvement of working conditions for old workers Inquiry done by 1.300 companies > 10 workers:  Reorganization in the type or tasks of work done by 16,3% of the companies Adaptations of working time and adaptation of working tasks by 8% of the companies Development of specific missions by 4% of the companies Transfer of old workers to post with better working conditions by 8% of the companies Improvement of working conditions for old workers Inquiry done by 1.300 companies > 10 workers Data: CEPS / INSTEAD 2006 N = 1300 enterprises Reorganization done by 208 enterprises for old workers in relationship to the size of the enterprise:  Reorganization done by 208 enterprises for old workers in relationship to the size of the enterprise Data: CEPS / INSTEAD 2006 N = 208 enterprises Reorganization done by 208 enterprises for old workers in relationship to the proportion of old workers in the enterprise :  Reorganization done by 208 enterprises for old workers in relationship to the proportion of old workers in the enterprise Data: CEPS / INSTEAD 2006 N = 208 enterprises Slide27:  5. Legal action introduced to support the employment of the old workers Legal action to promote employment of old workers :  In 1996: more restrictive access to get a disability pension Incitation for workers to stay longer in activity, especially the last years of career, to get a better pension Reform of the public function with possibilities of part-time work and promotion of maintenance in activity beyond the legal age of retirement Refunding of social security costs for 7 years for companies which engaged workers >50 years. Suppression of the conditions needed to obtain an authorization to work after having an old-age pension Obligation since 2002 to reclassify workers with reduced capacity of work Legal action to promote employment of old workers Slide29:  6. Law of July 25th 2002 on the incapacity of workers and the professional reintegration Law of July 25th 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration:  Conditions for workers to benefit from this law: Workers having an affiliation to the Luxembourg Social Security (12 months during the last 3 years) Workers in prolonged sick leave (4 months) Workers having get a refusal of their demand for a disability pension Workers declared inapt to stay at their last work station by the occupational health physician Workers having had a withdrawal of their temporary pension Law of July 25th 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration Procedure of professional reintegration:  Decision maker: Joint Commission of the ADEM (Administration of employment) Members of this commission: State, Employers, Trade unions Joint Commission decides on internal and/or external reclassification on the base of the following elements: Number of workers with handicap already occupied in the company Number of workers who got better working conditions after being declared unfit by the occupational health physician Opinion of the employer Opinion of the occupational health physician of the company and of the administration of employment Procedure of professional reintegration Reclassification:  Internal reclassification:     Assignment at another work station and/or organization of work (ex: reducing hours), and/or better working conditions Can be refused if the employer has lesser than 25 employees, or if the employer have not the quota stated by law of workers with an handicap External reclassification: For employer with lesser than 25 employees, or if the employer have the quota stated by law of workers with an handicap For employer who have no adapted post to continue to employ the worker with incapacity Workers are apply for unemployment benefit during 1,5 year max. Without reclassification on the labour market after the end of unemployment, pension paid by the Fund for Employment until the worker reached the legal age for pension. Reclassification Law 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration: age of workers concerned 2004:  Law 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration: age of workers concerned 2004 Data: ADEM 2004 Total of workers : 1232 Distribution by sex: Men 772 (62,66 %) Women 460 (37,34 %) Distribution by status: Workers: 952 (77,27 %) Employees: 280 (22,73 %) 3,90 % 19,48 % 36.85 % 38,07% 1,70 % Law 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration: decision of the joint committee 2004:  Law 2002 concerning the disability and the professional reintegration: decision of the joint committee 2004 Data: ADEM 2004 Total of workers: 1077 26 % 57 % 17 % Slide35:  7. Conclusion Conclusion:  Very high foreign labour force and cross border workers Low rate activity for old workers in Luxembourg Statistics concerning the health of old workers can be realised easily by the occupational health services Since 1996 promotion of employment of old workers done by the authorities Implementation of legal actions to promote employment of old workers as for example: reclassification of workers with reduced capacity of work Conclusion

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