Published on October 2, 2013
Instructional Goals & Objectives EDP 632 Jiarui Yang
What is a Goal? Goals are broad statements about what you hope the learner will learn. Example: Students will be able to apply proper grammar to composition papers.
What is objective? Objectives are more specific statements about the intended outcome of instruction.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES & ENABLING OBJECTIVES The Terminal Learning Objectives (TLO) is a statement of the teacher's expectations of student performance at the end a specific lesson or unit. Enabling Objectives (EOs) are concise statements of the teacher's expectations of student performance and might be considered STEPS in accomplishing the TLO.
Terminal Learning Objectives TLO consists of three parts: Condition, Task, and Standard. TLOs are precise, observable, and measurable. TLOs are stated in active terms. A TLO may represent a fairly large block of instruction, but would only rarely range beyond a single lesson.
Enabling Objectives They typically provide only tasks. They are observable and measurable but often do not include the standard or condition. Each one involves a single step within a TLO.
Knowledge -Exhibit memory of previously learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers Knowledge of specifics - terminology, specific facts. Knowledge of ways and means of dealing with specifics - conventions, trends and sequences, classifications and categories, criteria, methodology. Knowledge of the universals and abstractions in a field - principles and generalizations, theories and structures.
Understand -Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions and stating the main ideas. Translation Interpretation Extrapolation
Apply Using new knowledge. Solve problems in new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way Questions like: Which kinds of apples are best for baking a pie, and why?
Analyze -Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations. Analysis of elements Analysis of relationships Analysis of organizational principles
Evaluate Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas or quality of work based on a set of criteria. 1. Judgments in terms of internal evidence. 2. Judgments in terms of external criteria.
Create -Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions Production of a unique communication Production of a plan, or proposed set of operations Derivation of a set of abstract relations
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