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Gladstone, Parnell And Home Rule

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Information about Gladstone, Parnell And Home Rule

Published on January 25, 2009

Author: samuelvalko

Source: slideshare.net

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GLADSTONE, PARNELL AND HOME RULE

PARNELL AND THE IPP Determined to turn the HR group in the Commons into tightly knit party over which he could exercise authority Created the National League in Ireland which became in effect the electoral arm of the IPP with over 1,000 branches 1885 the RC Church officially came out in support of HR and Parnell agreed to go along with the church’s policies on education

Determined to turn the HR group in the Commons into tightly knit party over which he could exercise authority

Created the National League in Ireland which became in effect the electoral arm of the IPP with over 1,000 branches

1885 the RC Church officially came out in support of HR and Parnell agreed to go along with the church’s policies on education

PARNELL AND THE IPP Parliamentary candidates were chosen by Parnell Required to sign a pledge they would vote only with the IPP Parnell acknowledged as “the Chief” His power was “irresponsible and more or less despotic”

Parliamentary candidates were chosen by Parnell

Required to sign a pledge they would vote only with the IPP

Parnell acknowledged as “the Chief”

His power was “irresponsible and more or less despotic”

PARNELL AS LEADER His ability recognised by all Courted by both Whigs and Tories who both recognised that the IPP might well come to hold the balance of power

His ability recognised by all

Courted by both Whigs and Tories who both recognised that the IPP might well come to hold the balance of power

“ No man has the right to fix the boundary to the march of a nation. No man has a right to say to his country: thus far shalt thou go and no further”

“ No man has the right to fix the boundary to the march of a nation. No man has a right to say to his country: thus far shalt thou go and no further”

POWER-BROKER Election due in 1885 In June Parnell switched his support from the Whigs to the Tories Tories dropped the Coercion Act and introduced the Ashbourne Act which allowed tenant farmers to borrow money to buy their own land Refused to throw his lot in with Gladstone unless he committed himself openly to Home Rule

Election due in 1885

In June Parnell switched his support from the Whigs to the Tories

Tories dropped the Coercion Act and introduced the Ashbourne Act which allowed tenant farmers to borrow money to buy their own land

Refused to throw his lot in with Gladstone unless he committed himself openly to Home Rule

POWER BROKER Election results in 1885: IPP: 86 Liberals:335 Conservatives: 249 Real victor was Parnell since neither party could govern without his support and he had also captured all seats in Ireland outside Ulster, except for TCD

Election results in 1885:

IPP: 86

Liberals:335

Conservatives: 249

Real victor was Parnell since neither party could govern without his support and he had also captured all seats in Ireland outside Ulster, except for TCD

GLADSTONE’S CONVERSION Gladstone came to realise that his religious reforms and his land reforms had not been enough to satisfy the demands of the Irish Realised the moral necessity of HR Said HR was based on the “first principles of religion” Possible that his conversion to HR more due to opportunism than conviction, allowing him to reunite a disintegrating Liberal party under his own leadership.

Gladstone came to realise that his religious reforms and his land reforms had not been enough to satisfy the demands of the Irish

Realised the moral necessity of HR

Said HR was based on the “first principles of religion”

Possible that his conversion to HR more due to opportunism than conviction, allowing him to reunite a disintegrating Liberal party under his own leadership.

FIRST HOME RULE BILL Gladstone became prime minister in Jan 1886 and immediately grasped the HR nettle. Most liberal MPs supported his first HR Bill, not because they were enthusiastic for it but because they were loyal to Gladstone and could see no alternative to HR but continued coercion.

Gladstone became prime minister in Jan 1886 and immediately grasped the HR nettle.

Most liberal MPs supported his first HR Bill, not because they were enthusiastic for it but because they were loyal to Gladstone and could see no alternative to HR but continued coercion.

CRITICISMS OF THE BILL Home rule would lead to the break-up of the United Kingdom Could the new Irish MPs in a potential Dublin parliament be trusted to look after the welfare of Protestants, since many of these MPs had been involved in violent agitation in the past? How could Irish nationality and unity be said to exist when all classes in Protestant Ulster opposed it so vehemently

Home rule would lead to the break-up of the United Kingdom

Could the new Irish MPs in a potential Dublin parliament be trusted to look after the welfare of Protestants, since many of these MPs had been involved in violent agitation in the past?

How could Irish nationality and unity be said to exist when all classes in Protestant Ulster opposed it so vehemently

FATE OF THE BILL Defeated in the commons by 313 votes to 343 Parliament was dissolved Victory for Unionists in the election of summer 1886: 316 conservatives and 78 liberal unionists against 191 HR liberals and 85 IPP

Defeated in the commons by 313 votes to 343

Parliament was dissolved

Victory for Unionists in the election of summer 1886: 316 conservatives and 78 liberal unionists against 191 HR liberals and 85 IPP

FALL OF PARNELL In spite of the election results Parnell was still determined to stick to the constitutional path to gain HR He joined the fortunes of the IPP firmly to the fortunes of the Liberals By 1887 the Kitty O’Shea scandal had broken and Gladstone was to cut all links with Parnell

In spite of the election results Parnell was still determined to stick to the constitutional path to gain HR

He joined the fortunes of the IPP firmly to the fortunes of the Liberals

By 1887 the Kitty O’Shea scandal had broken and Gladstone was to cut all links with Parnell

FALL OF PARNELL He refused to resign as leader of the IPP He attacked Gladstone personally and denounced the Liberal alliance He thus appeared to overthrow the political strategy he had built up over the past 5 years Irish Catholic clergy called on all Irish people to repudiate Parnell

He refused to resign as leader of the IPP

He attacked Gladstone personally and denounced the Liberal alliance

He thus appeared to overthrow the political strategy he had built up over the past 5 years

Irish Catholic clergy called on all Irish people to repudiate Parnell

FALL OF PARNELL The IPP had to choose between Parnell or the Liberal alliance without which they would never obtain HR 37 supported him but 45 rejected him He refused to accept his fate and toyed with a return to unconstitutional methods Died in 1891 aged 45

The IPP had to choose between Parnell or the Liberal alliance without which they would never obtain HR

37 supported him but 45 rejected him

He refused to accept his fate and toyed with a return to unconstitutional methods

Died in 1891 aged 45

VERDICTS Davitt: “He had attacked and beaten the enemies of Ireland in the citadel of their power, the British Parliament” He was pre-eminently a practical politician Turned the vague notion of HR into practical politics Created a united disciplined IPP backed up by an efficient electoral machine in Ireland

Davitt: “He had attacked and beaten the enemies of Ireland in the citadel of their power, the British Parliament”

He was pre-eminently a practical politician

Turned the vague notion of HR into practical politics

Created a united disciplined IPP backed up by an efficient electoral machine in Ireland

VERDICT ON PARNELL AND HR Under-estimated the problems in achieving it Had no understanding of the concerns of the Ulster Unionists Was able to convince the Irish people that they wanted HR and that it was feasible It was his commitment that convinced Gladstone and later the Liberal party of the necessity for HR

Under-estimated the problems in achieving it

Had no understanding of the concerns of the Ulster Unionists

Was able to convince the Irish people that they wanted HR and that it was feasible

It was his commitment that convinced Gladstone and later the Liberal party of the necessity for HR

SECOND HOME RULE BILL 1892, Gladstone aged 84 formed his fourth ministry and proposed a new HR Bill 1893 the bill passed through the Commons but was overwhelmingly defeated in the Lords Gladstone retired 1894 It became clear that HR would never be a realistic possibility without major reform of the House of Lords Commitment to HR remained an integral part of the Liberal party’s programme

1892, Gladstone aged 84 formed his fourth ministry and proposed a new HR Bill

1893 the bill passed through the Commons but was overwhelmingly defeated in the Lords

Gladstone retired 1894

It became clear that HR would never be a realistic possibility without major reform of the House of Lords

Commitment to HR remained an integral part of the Liberal party’s programme

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