Published on November 28, 2008
GIS Platforms: The Power of Interoperability Emanuele Gennai ESRI Global firstname.lastname@example.org Geneva, Switzerland UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
ESRI Our Focus is Supporting Our Users MAKING A DIFFERENCE Our Purpose • Serve Users & Partners • Support Employees • Contribute to Society Our Goals • Advance GIS • Evolve Geographic Science • Promote Spatial Thinking • Develop GIS Professional Workforce Status • Growing • Financially Strong • Many Strong Relationships UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
GIS Fuses All Types of Physical and Temporal Data Geodatabases Can Model and Manage All Geographic Data Types Vehicle locations Networks Surveys Addresses Weather information Vectors 27 Kenyatta St. Roads/Infrastructure ABC Security zones Annotations Satellite imagery 3D Objects Human settlements Attributes 107’ 107’ Affected areas Topology Dimensions Terrain CAD Drawings Images Forming collections of data to create information and knowledge … UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
GIS For Interoperability Providing Tools, Methods, and Workflows That Support Collaboration and Action Work Flow Storing Integration Many Data Types and Sources Analyzing • Better Decisions • Greater Efficiency (Money/Time/Resources) Visualizing Acting • More Effective Communication GIS provides a common platform for storing, accessing, and acting upon information of all types UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Interoperability Provides the Capability to Integrate, Search, Analyze and Visualize Information Critical Infrastructure Natural Hazards Storm Tracking Emergency Notification Technological Hazards Tracking Resources Population Density Maps Provide a Way to Understand Incident Mapping Information Quickly and Accurately UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
GIS as an Interoperability Platform • Integrate and link disparate data • Provide logical access to plans and documents • Access all types of online GIS data and services • Create, publish and share emergency data • Required data available when and where needed … Enabling Situational Awareness UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Some Interoperability types in a fusion center LEICA BAE Globe Interfaces Google Earth MS Virtual Earth Ionic Image Integration GeoRSS KML… SAP Metadata AutoCAD ISO 19139 SOAP, XML, SQL CAD PB MapInfo GeoMedia Any Client Any service Open API’s OGC Standards WMS, WFS, REST Fusion Center GML, . . . Flash UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
GIS Server Patterns Distributed (SDI) Departments Mobile Replication Enterprise Mapping Enterprise Integration Web GIS Applications IT System Fusion Center Mashups UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Fusion Center Supporting a Common Operating Picture • Emergency Management • Community Awareness Situational • Security and Public Safety Awareness • Humanitarian Intelligence • Complex Operations Replication/Integration Web Mobile Explorer GIS Infrastructure . . . Providing Integrated Situational Awareness UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
GIS Interoperability Challenges • GIS Data Standards for regional/international base maps (e.g. compatibility of data models and data collection processes) • Methods: Developing GIS applications to work across (all) boundaries • Linguistic issues UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
A lesson learned through Hurricane Katrina UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Lessons Learned through Hurricane Katrina • Hurricane Katrina – A Lack of standard data sets across State/County boundaries • No Central capability to integrate dynamic data for a single view of damage, status, situational awareness • Applications for GIS developed in one area would not work in another area with different data • It took 2 weeks to acquire, normalize and make operational the data for a regional GIS UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Lessons Learned • GIS was not used for preparedness • GIS was used for response and recovery • GIS data and applications had to be gathered and developed during developed during the crisis; difficult & time consuming Because of a lack of preparedness: • No One Place for Incident Information and Status No One Place for Incident Information and Status • Difficulty In Getting Access To Data Difficulty In Getting Access To Data • Lack of Multi-Organization Coordination & Data Sharing • Inconsistent Data (Creating Confusion and Bad Decisions) 1000 +people were deployed to support GIS. Data Acquisition & Processing - 50 + Person Years Application Development - 10 + Person Years UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Integrated GIS Database Developed In 14 days –(we New Orleans lost 14 days!) • Integration Of Existing Data • Standard Data Model • Consistent Applications • Dissemination Via Web and Media Houston UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Summary • Think of GIS as being the ideal platform for interoperability for all types of information and data, at any stage of the relief process • GIS has a great value, in allowing people to coordinate activities and cooperate before, during and after a crisis • GIS transforms scattered data sources in actionable information • Being prepared saves time and lives UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
Thank you Emanuele Gennai ESRI Global email@example.com Geneva, Switzerland UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference UN- 2008Footer
UN-SPIDER Bonn Oct 2008Footer Reference GIS Platforms: The Power of Interoperability Interoperability Emanuele Gennai Emanuele Gennai ESRI Global
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