GIS / BIM interoperabiliteit: STUMICO presentatie April 2014

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Information about GIS / BIM interoperabiliteit: STUMICO presentatie April 2014
Engineering

Published on April 25, 2014

Author: JakobBeetz

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation about ongoing national and international activities in the area of GIS and BIM interoperability with a special focus on infrastructural objects (roads, bridges, dams, quay walls etc.)
Presented to http://www.stumico.nl/ the Dutch organization for ICT in the built environment in April 2014

BIM en GIS interoperabiliteit STUMICO bijeenkomst April 2014 Jakob Beetz

TU/e, DDSS, DS Unit Urban Science and Systems

Agenda • Waar willen we heen? Doel BIM/GIS integratie • Hoezo zijn we er nog niet? • BIM en GIS in een notendoop • BIM / GIS integratie: Conceptuele problemen • Lopende (onderzoeks-)ontwikkelingen en initiatieven • Zoom in op 3DSDI project / Havenbedrijf Rotterdam, TUD & TU/e

BIM/GIS visie: Waar willen we heen?

BIM/GIS/+ visie: Waar willen we heen? • Mens, geografie, bouwwerk, infrastructuur, kunstwerk in de context “in kart brengen” • Analyseren, informeren, plannen, simuleren, afstemmen, besluiten, beheren, onderhouden, beschermen • Land, regio, landschap, wijk, buurt, straat, bouwwerk, bouwdeel • Verleden, heden, toekomst • Object-georienteerd, meerdimensionaal, door verschillende lenzen, gekoppeld • Makkelijk, toegankelijk, goedkoop, veilig Source: “The Powers of Ten”, 1977, Eames and Eames

rce:NationalInstituteofBuidlingSciences

BIM/GIS visie: Wat is nodig? Geographic Information (GML) [OGC / ISO 19100] Infrastructural Information (LandXML, TransXML, OKSTRA etc.) Building Information (IFC) buildingSMART / ISO 16739, ISO 12006-3, STEP ?

BIM/GIS visie: Wat is nodig?

Hoezo zijn we er nog niet?

ICT in de bouw

[Open]BIM in Nederland Data ISO 16739 (IFC)ISO12006(IFD) Concepts ISO29481(IDM) Process 3D Spatial Data Infrastructures RGD BIM norm CB-NL, RWS-BIM, Object Libraries Parametric IFC Bridges IFD: STABU, Bouwconnect COINS 3D Pilot

Uitdagingen IFC • Complex, groot model (600+ entiteiten) • TMTOWTDI “There's more than one way to do it“: − Eigenschappen vastleggen op verschillende manieren mogelijk − Afspraken “Implementers Agreements” deels niet regiede • Veel informatie vrijblijvend • XML representaties (nog?) te draag, part 21 SPFF meest gebruikelijk • Gebrek aan consistentie eigenschappen <-> geometrie • Complexe geometrie: CSG, BRep, NURBS, impliciet • GUIDs: niet voor alles, vaak niet bijgehouden maar vervangen

CityGML en IMGEO Source: Thomas Kolbe

CityGML en IFC source: Claus Nagel CityGML core model IFC core model

Initiativen: IFC <->CityGML ADE’s Volumetric, parametric primitives representing the structural components of buildings IfcWallStandardCase IfcBeam IfcSlab IfcWindow BIM (e.g., IFC) Constructive Solid Geometry Accumulation of observable surfaces of topographic features WallSurface InteriorWallSurface FloorSurface IntBuildingInstallation GroundSurface Window 3D GIS (e.g., CityGML) Boundary Representation source: Thomas H. Kolbe - joint work with Claus Nagel & Alexandra Stadler

source: Claus Nagel Initiativen: IFC <->CityGML ADE’s

Initiativen: IFC <->CityGML ADE’s • n CityGML entities may represent one IFC element • n CityGML entities may result in m competing IFC elements • Further 1:1 and 1:m relations possible  High combinatorial complexity source: Thomas H. Kolbe - joint work with Claus Nagel & Alexandra Stadler

source: IFC 2x4 (IFC 4) documentation IFC <->CityGML: Geometry

IFC<->CityGML: Problems overview IFC CityGML Geometry Implicit CSG, Sweep, NURBS, parametric(well, sort of, soon) None Explicit BRep, Surfaces, Polylines, Points BRep, Surfaces, Polylines, Points Coordinates Cartesian World Coordinate System, Local/Relative Coordinate Systems BUT now also Projected Reference Systems, Transformations built-in (serveral different ones per Context possible) (IFC 4). Transformations necessary Projected systems Semantic Buildings: Complex, highly detailed Limited to very basic classes Environment: Site, Landscape, IFCInfra on the (distant) horizon Exhaustive (city furniture, water bodies, tunnels, bridges etc.) Relations Aggregation, decomposition, specialization on different levels simple Extendability On-the-fly: Property Sets, external classifications and libraries (IFD) can be assigned to generic representations (IfcProxy) Properites can be added, some code lists exist (classification without properties(?)) Schema: Monolithic XML schema’s can be added via namespaces (ADE)

Wie doet wat? Lopende initiatieven

Initiatieven NL: 3D Pilot / SIG 3D • Initiated by Jantien Stoter, Geonovum, Kadaster, TU/d • Pilot in 2012/2013: 6 Workgroups with ca 200 participants <core:cityObjectMember> <bldg:Building gml:id=“Build0815”> <core:externalReference> <core:externalObject> <core:uri>urn:uuid:550e8400-e29b-41d4- a716-446655440000</core:uri> </core:externalObject> </core:externalReference> <bldg:function codeSpace=“http://www.sig3d.org/codelists/ standard/building/2.0/ AbstractBuilding_function.xml”>1000</bldg:function>x <core:cityObjectMember> <bldg:Building gml:id=“Build0815”> <core:externalReference> <core:externalObject> <core:uri>urn:uuid:550e8400-e29b-41d4- a716-446655440000</core:uri> </core:externalObject> </core:externalReference> <bldg:function codeSpace=“http://www.sig3d.org/codelists/ standard/building/2.0/ AbstractBuilding_function.xml”>1000</bldg:function>x source: [Stoter et al 2013]

24 2014-04-25 244/25/2014 source:BennoKoehorst|RWS

25 2014-04-25 BIM Server Extended IFC4 V-CON Solution OTL/SE Data Scope of the V-CON Solution for road authority GIS Server CityGML/ Inspire BIM Data GIS Data GIS application BIM application AM application Inside scope Outside scope of V-CON Solution SE Server (like GRIP) SE application See next slide AM Server (like BMS-LT or ANDA) source: Benno Koehorst | RWS

26 2014-04-25 264/25/2014 Layered Ontologies (OTLs) BIM IFC4Infra Linked Data/Systems Engineering CMO INT Infra Ontology CBNL & ‘CBSE’ Ontologies RWS OTL & TV OTL GIS CityGML (like BGT/IMgeo) OTL/SE data (for RWS) BIM Data GIS Data Instantiation of OTL/SE data (for TV) Note: providing these ontologies is the responsibility of the V- CON partners, not of the vendors. We’ll ask the vendors to support these ontologies (and future versions). Instantiation of Instantiation of Instantiation of source:BennoKoehorst|RWS

Initiatieven: MVD voor LandXML [Finland] source:JuhaHyvärinen,VTT,2012

Initiativen: CB-NL • The Bouw Informatie Raad (BIR) has organized funding to start the development of an object library − Large platform including RWS, RGD, Geonovum, contractors, CROW, municipalities, engineering companies… − Two main target groups with use case scenarios: B&U, GWW − Joint library expert group − Come up with a schema to fill in content from − IMGEO − IFC − INSPIRE − COINS − NEN 2767 − CROW − …. − Based on IFD / bSDD / STABU Lexicon − Should include tooling − Funding for ca. 500 man-hours

BIM in NL: IDM COINS, Systems Engineering in BIM

BIM in NL: IFC

Initiativen: IFCInfra • Opgestart door “Club Communic” Frankrijk [Pierre Benning, J.B. Vallette et al] • Groot internationaal interesse source: Club Communic, J.B. Valette demo 2010

Initiativen: IFCInfra source: Thomas Liebich / bSI / MSG 2012

Initiativen:CityTracks • Lopend DFG (Duitse NWO/STW) project met GIS en BIM experts van TU München [André Borrmann, Yang Ji et al] en KIT Karlsruhe [Karl-Heinz Häfele, Joachim Benner, Andreas Geiger et al] • 3D/4D planning en uitvoering ondergrondse metro source: TU München, Y. Ji 2010

BIM in NL: IFD/IFD in Infrastructure • Parametric Bridge Extension IFC • Collaboration with − TU München (A. Borrmann) − AEC 3 − Sofistik AG − TU Eindhoven • IFC Parametric/Constraint Kernel source: [Ji et al 2013]

Initiativen: NL: 3DSI • Next Generation Infrastructures (NGI) • TU/Delft [Sisi Zlatanova et al] • TU/Eindhoven [Jakob Beetz et al] • Haven Bedrijf Rotterdam [Anne Jan Boersma et al] • Gemeente Rotterdam [Joris Goos et al]

Initiatieven : ISO • New ‘Ad hoc group’ “to investigate interoperability issues concerning the respective standards” − ISO TC 59 / SC 13 – “Organization of information about construction works” − ‘the ISO side of BuildingSMART’ − IFD, IDM, MVD − ISO / TC 211 “Geographic information/Geomatics” − ‘The ISO side of OGC’ − GML, CityGML

Integraal BIM en GIS modellen: Overview of the 3DSDI project Use case Quay Wall structures - IfcQuay STUMICO Bijeenkomst April 2014 Jakob Beetz

Project overview Partners:

3DSDI phase 1: Process and Requirements analysis

3DSDI phase 1: Process and Requirements analysis

3DSDI phase 2: Quay wall extension to IFC model

Application X InternalObject Model IFC Schema Native file: .rvt, .dgn IFC Instance file: .ifc, .ifcxml Application Y Mapping

Where do IfcBridge and IfcQuay stand

Where do IfcBridge and IfcQuay stand

ENTITY IfcQuayWallSystem SUPERTYPE OF (ONEOF( IfcQuayWallSystemStandard, IfcQuayWallSystemCombined, IfcQuayWallSystemDiaphragm, IfcQuayWallSystemSpanwand)) SUBTYPE OF (IfcQuayWallPart); END_ENTITY; ENTITY IfcQuayWallSystemStandard SUPERTYPE OF (ONEOF( IfcQuayWallSystemStandardZ, IfcQuayWallSystemStandardU, IfcQuayWallSystemStandardFlat, IfcQuayWallSystemStandardPan)) SUBTYPE OF (IfcQuayWallSystem); END_ENTITY; ENTITY IfcQuayWallSystemStandardZ SUBTYPE OF (IfcQuayWallSystemStandard); Profile : IfcQuayZProfileDef; Geometry : IfcSweptAreaSolid; END_ENTITY; ENTITY IfcQuayZProfileDef SUBTYPE OF (IfcParameterizedProfileDef); OverallWidth : IfcPositiveLengthMeasure; OverallHeigth : IfcPositiveLengthMeasure; FlangeWidth : IfcPositiveLengthMeasure; ProfileThickness : IfcPositiveLengthMeasure; FlangeSlope : IfcPlaneAngleMeasure; PositionConnectionPoint : IfcAxis2Placement2D;

Model View Definition (schema level) Implementation & Certification in Domain Application Exchange Requirements (IDM) BIMValidation Domain Model View Model Filter on Schema level Model Filter on Objector Level According to MVD Model Filter on Objector Level According to MVD (Central Repository Implementation ) High Level Specification (concept units) Automated process in real project IFC Schema Task-based Model View IFC Instance IDM-MVD process

3DSDI phase 3: Semantic enrichment of IFC with RDF Interoperability scenarios for semantically rich infrastructural 3D data models in the context of the Port of Rotterdam

Use case scenario 1: Planning, commissioning, design and construction of a new quay wall project

Use case scenario 2: Extendible information schemas to design and construct a quay wall project

Use case scenario 3: Creating and publishing in-house information schemas BIM / GIS manager

Networked data sets

Networked data sets: The Semantic Web Now... that should clear up a few things around here © Horrocks, Oxford University

Networked data sets: The Semantic Web BIM HbR GIS

Networked data sets: The Semantic Web – technology stack Unicode URI XML + XML-NS + XML Schema RDF+RDF Schema OWL Logic Proof DigitalSignature Trust

Networked data sets: The Semantic Web – technology stack

Networked data sets: Legacy application integration

Networked data sets Modeling expert Modeling expert

Semantic Enrichment prototype demo

Integrated prototype IFC+CityGML

Meer informatie: j.beetz@tue.nl

IFC, bSDD, INSPIRE, OGC Geo models, SfB(-NL), DIN 276(?), Omniclass, Uniclass, Getty AAT, BauDataWeb, CROW, OKSTRA, LandXML, CASCADE airport ontology, SIMmodel, GIS ontologies, CityGML, ETIM,gbXML etc. IFC, bSDD, INSPIRE, OGC Geo models, SfB(-NL), DIN 276(?), Omniclass, Uniclass, Getty AAT, BauDataWeb, CROW, OKSTRA, LandXML, CASCADE airport ontology, SIMmodel, GIS ontologies, CityGML, ETIM,gbXML etc. http://duraark.eu/events/i-know-2014-workshop-linked-building-data/

http://duraark.eu/ldac2014/

Motivation and background Product Information Conceptinstanceindex IFD (Concepts)Search Engine IFC (CAD) librarians manufacturers Product Information BIM Model engineer

BIM / GIS: tools : Bimserver.org • Collaboration with TNO • Leon van Berlo • Ruben de Laat • Peter Bonsma • Michel Böhms • THE COMMUNITY • Interdisciplinary model- and version-management based on open standards • CityGML-export [TU/e and TNO]

BIM / GIS: tools : Uberviewer • TNO • Pim van den Helm • CityGML and IFC in een applicatie

BIM / GIS: tools : FZK Viewer • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology • Verschillende werktuigen om CityGML, IFC en gbXML te hanteren. • Licentie onduidelijk

BIM / GIS: tools : FME Desktop • Commercieel product: Safe Software • Generieke data conversie tussen verschillende tools (GIS en CAD)

Want to know more? http://w3.bwk.tue.nl/nl/unit_umds/ontwerp_systemen/

Literature • Eastman, Teichholz, Sacks, Liston: “BIM Handbook”, 2008, John Wiley & Sons Inc. • Eastman “Building Product Models” 1999 CRC Press Ltd. • Jernigan “Big BIM, little bim” 2007, 4Site Press • “ik bim, jij bim-t, wij bim-men” 2008,Center for Process Innovation in building & construction • Gallaher, M. P, A. C O'Connor, J. L Dettbarn, and L. T. Gilday. 2004. Cost Analysis of Inadequate Interoperability in the U.S. Capital Facilities Industry. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD , August. http://fire.nist.gov/bfrlpubs/build04/art022.html. • Gielingh, W. General AEC Reference Model, Gielingh WF (1988), TNO report BI-88-150,ISO TC 184/SC4/WG1 doc. 3.2. 2.1 Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek, 1988

Literature • Laat, R. & Berlo, L., 2011. Integration of BIM and GIS: The Development of the CityGML GeoBIM Extension. In T. H. Kolbe, G. König, & C. Nagel, eds. Advances in 3D Geo-Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 211–225. Available at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/jk21v46722433650/ • Nagel, C., 2007. Ableitung verschiedener Detallierungsstufen von IFC Gebäudemodellen. Master Thesis. Karlsruhe, Germany: Karlsruhe University of Applied Science. • Stoter, J. et al., 2013. Implementation of a National 3D Standard: Case of the Netherlands. In J. Pouliot et al., eds. Progress and New Trends in 3D Geoinformation Sciences. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 277–298. Available at: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-29793-9_16 • Ji, Y. et al., 2013. Exchange of Parametric Bridge Models Using a Neutral Data Format. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 27(6), pp.593–606. Available at: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29CP.1943-5487.0000286 • Zlatanova, S. & Beetz, J., 2012. 3D spatial information infrastructure: The case of Port Rotterdam T. Leduc, G. Moreau, & R. Billen, eds., Cedex A: E D P Sciences. • Beetz, J. et al., 2014. Interoperable data models for infrastructural artefacts – a novel IFC extension method using RDF vocabularies exemplified with quay wall structures for harbors. In to appear in Proceedings of the Joint ICCCBE and CIB w78 conferences. Florida, USA.

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